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Medicine

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Opioids, Addiction, Chronic Pain

Used as Prescribed, Opioids Relieve Chronic Pain With Little Addiction Risk

Taking opioids long term is associated with clinically significant pain relief in some patients with a very small risk of addition, a new review finds.

Medicine

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Propofol, Anesthesia, Delirium, Elderly, Sedation, Surgery

Lighter Sedation for Elderly During Surgery May Reduce Risk of Confusion, Disorientation After

A common complication following surgery in elderly patients is postoperative delirium, a state of confusion that can lead to long-term health problems and cause some elderly patients to complain that they “never felt the same” again after an operation. But a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers suggests that simply limiting the depth of sedation during procedures could safely cut the risk of postoperative delirium by 50 percent.

Medicine

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spinal anesthesia, geriatric patients, postoperative delirium

Decrease in Postoperative Delirium in Elderly Patients

A recent study, published in the January issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings, demonstrates that in elderly patients undergoing hip fracture repair under spinal anesthesia with propofol sedation, the prevalence of delirium can be decreased by 50 percent with light sedation, compared to deep sedation.

Medicine

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Study Probes Limb-loss Pain Outcomes in Men and Women

With increasing numbers of men and women serving in combat and risking traumatic injury and limb loss, a new study published in The Journal of Pain, the peer-reviewed publication of the American Pain Society, concludes that self-reported amputation-specific pain severity is similar in men and women but there are considerable gender variations in overall pain outcomes, such as emotional health and pain-coping responses.

Medicine

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Study Reveals Predictors of Long-term Opioid Use for Back Pain

New research, published in The Journal of Pain, identifies predictors of long-term opioid use among patients with chronic back pain caused by lumbar spine conditions.

Medicine

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Massage Therapy, Pain Managament, Spinal Manipulation

Massage and Other Hands-on Therapies can Help Reduce Pain

Massage, manipulation and other hands-on approaches can safely and effectively help with pain management.

Medicine

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Acetaminophen, Acetaminophen Overdose, acetaminophen poisoning

Smaller Doses of Acetaminophen Considered to Improve Safety

The pain reliever acetaminophen is one of the safest and most effective drugs on the market. But taken in too high a dose, acetaminophen can damage the liver and perhaps cause liver failure.

Medicine

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AAN, American Academy Of Neurology, Neurology Journal, Journal Neurology, TENS, Back Pain, treatments for back pain, Chronic Pain, pain, Diabetes, Neuropathy, Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Guideline: Widely Used Device for Pain Therapy Not Recommended for Chronic Low-Back Pain

A new guideline issued by the American Academy of Neurology finds that transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS), a widely used pain therapy involving a portable device, is not recommended to treat chronic low-back painpain that has persisted for three months or longerbecause research shows it is not effective. The guideline is published in the December 30, 2009, online issue of Neurology®.

Medicine

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Anesthesia, Beta Blocker, Heart Attack, Migraine, Surgery, Anesthesiology, Postoperative, Blood Pressure, Anemia, Blood Loss, Hemoglobin, Stroke

Beta Blockers May Increase Risk for Surgical Anemia Complications

Routinely used to treat patients for heart attack or high blood pressure, beta blockers are known for their role in helping to protect the heart. A new study in the January issue of the journal Anesthesiology looks at the effects of beta blockers on surgical outcomes, revealing that the cardioprotective effects of the medication could be compromised by acute surgical anemia.

Medicine

Channels:

Ether, Anesthesia, Anesthesiology, surgical anesthesia, Opium, Elton Romeo Smilie, William T. G. Morton, discoverer of ether, International Anesthesia Research Society

Ether Discovery Was Almost Made Earlier

The successful use of ether to anesthetize patients was the first great milestone in the history of surgical anesthesia. But the discovery might have occurred earlier—and medical history written differently—but for a scientific error by another physician, according to an article in the January issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia, official journal of the International Anesthesia Research Society (IARS).







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