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Medicine

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Depression, depression and women, Low Birth Weight, Low Birth Weight Infants, Mental Health, medical research studies, Medical Research, Biomarker, Biomarkers & Prevention, biomarker discovery, Exercise, Exercise and Depression, newborn development, Postpartum Depression, Postpartum, Pregnancy, Pregnancy and Childbirth, Pregnancy and Delivery

Biomarker in Pregnant Women Linked to Depression, Low Fetal Birth Weight

Depression is very common during pregnancy, with as many as one in seven women suffering from the illness and more than a half million women impacted by postpartum depression in the U.S. alone. The disorder not only affects the mother’s mood, but has also been linked to influencing the newborn’s development, according to recent research. In a study published in the journal Psychoneuroendocrinology, research from The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center found that BDNF levels change during pregnancy, and can cause depression in the mother and low birth weight in the baby.

Medicine

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Neuroendocrine Tumors, midgut neuroendocrine tumors, Moffitt Cancer Center, lutetium-177-Dotatate, 177Lu-Dotatate

New Drug in Development Shows Improved Progression-Free Survival for Patients with Advanced Metastatic Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumors

A new therapy in development for the treatment of midgut neuroendocrine tumors, a rare type of cancer that occurs in the small intestine and colon, shows improved progression-free survival and response rates for patients with advanced disease. Results of the international phase 3 clinical trial of lutetium-177 (177Lu)-Dotatate compared to high-dose octreotide LAR were published in the Jan. 12 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Memory, false memory , Eyewitness Testimony, Brain Science

Misinformation May Improve Event Recall, Study Finds

Decades of psychological research cast doubt Research on eyewitness testimony has shown that false details put forth during an interrogation can lead some people to develop vivid memories of events that never happened. While this “false memory” phenomenon is alive and well, new research suggests that a bit of misinformation also has potential to improve our memories of past events — at least under certain circumstances.

Medicine

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Cerebrovascular, Neurology, Neurosurgery, Stroke, Pediatric Stroke, Stroke Treatment

Sanford Neurosurgeon’s Pediatric Stroke Case Published in National Journal

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Dr. Alexander Drofa removed clot in 9-day-old baby using unique method

Medicine

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Epilelpsy, Seizures, fMRI, Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging

UAB Leads Effort to Set Guidelines for fMRI Use in Epilepsy Surgery

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The first set of guidelines for the use of fMRI in pre-surgical evaluation of patients with epilepsy have been published in Neurology. The seven-year effort was conducted by a committee commissioned by AAN and led by UAB's Jerzy Szaflarski, M.D., Ph.D.

Medicine

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Epilepsy Surgery

New Guideline on How to Map Brain Prior to Epilepsy Surgery

Before epilepsy surgery, doctors may consider using brain imaging to locate language and memory functions in the brain instead of the more invasive procedure that is commonly used, according to a guideline published by the American Academy of Neurology in the January 11, 2017, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. It is the first evidence-based guideline that systematically reviewed all evidence for such an evaluation.

Medicine

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Researchers Find a Potential Target for Anti-Alzheimer's Treatments

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Scientists at the University of Luxembourg have identified a gene that may provide a new starting point for developing treatments for Alzheimer's disease.

Science

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alzheimer disease

Couch Potatoes Face Same Chance of Dementia as Those with Genetic Risk Factors: Research

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Sedentary older adults with no genetic risk factors for dementia may be just as likely to develop the disease as those who are genetically predisposed, according to a major study which followed more than 1,600 Canadians over five years.

Medicine

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Norman Haughey, PTSD, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, mice, Alcohol, glur1, Glutamate

Alcohol Prevents Ability to Extinguish Fearful Memories in Mice

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Experiments in mice by researchers at Johns Hopkins suggest that if the goal is to ease or extinguish fearful emotional memories like those associated with post-traumatic stress disorder, alcohol may make things worse, not better. Results of their study demonstrate, they say, that alcohol strengthens emotional memories associated with fearful experiences and prevents mice from pushing aside their fears.

Medicine

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Cancer, Oncology, National Comprehensive Cancer Network, NCCN, Brain Cancer, Gliomas, Astrocytoma, NCCN Foundation, nccn guidelines, NCCN Guidelines for Patients, Patient Education, cancer patient, nccn clinical practice guidelines in oncology

NCCN Publishes Patient Education Resources for Gliomas—Its First in a Series on Brain Cancer

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NCCN has published NCCN Guidelines for Patients®: Brain Cancer – Gliomas, available today on NCCN.org/patients and NCCN Patient Guides for Cancer mobile app

Medicine

Science

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While Not Necessarily Reality, Perception Can Cause Reality to Evolve

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In a perspective published January 6, 2017, in Science, Hamilton Farris, PhD, Associate Professor-Research at LSU Health New Orleans Neuroscience Center of Excellence, finds that the key insight of an important study is that perception can drive the evolution of observable traits.

Medicine

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The Great East Japan Earthquake, Mental Health, fukushima, Systematic Review, Post-traumatic stress reaction, Harvard Review of Psychiatry

High Rates of PTSD and Other Mental Health Problems After Great East Japan Earthquake

The devastating 2011 earthquake, tsunami, and resulting nuclear disaster in Japan had a high mental health impact—with some effects persisting several years later, according to a comprehensive research review in the January/February issue of the Harvard Review of Psychiatry, published by Wolters Kluwer.

Medicine

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Parkinson Disease, DBS, Deep Brain Stimulation

Experimental Treatment for Parkinson's Symptoms Shows Promise

More than 12 months after Parkinson's patient Bill Crawford received "DBS Plus," he can walk more easily and is back to leading services at his beloved Porter Memorial Church in Lexington, Ky.

Medicine

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Northwestern University, Northwestern Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Depression, Mental Health

New Apps Designed to Reduce Depression and Anxiety as Easily as Checking Your Phone

Soon you can seek mental health advice on your smartphone as quickly as finding a good restaurant.A novel suite of 13 speedy mini-apps called IntelliCare resulted in participants reporting significantly less depression and anxiety by using the apps on their smartphones up to four times a day, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study.

Medicine

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Concussion, Optometry and Vision Science, vision problems, TBI, American Academy of Optometry

Vision Problems After Concussion – Special Issue of Optometry and Vision Science Presents New Research

Vision problems are a common and sometimes lasting consequence of head injuries—from children and teens with sports-related concussions to military personnel with combat-related traumatic brain injury (TBI). New research and perspectives on TBI and vision are presented in the January feature issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

Medicine

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glioblastoma tumor cells, 3D, Tumor Cells, Cancer Cells, Cancer Research, grade IV astrocytoma, Central Nervous System (CNS), Brain, Brain Tumor, American Brain Tumor Association, Cancer cell invasion, Tumor invasion

Graduate Research Explores Glioblastoma Tumor Cells Invasion in 3D Environments

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Wichita State graduate student Pranita Kaphle is researching the migration of cancer cells in a 3D environment. She is targeting glioblastoma multiforme in the brain, a rapid spreading and aggressive high-grade tumor. Kaphle hopes to pursue a career studying the cancer cells and finding a way to inhibit tumor cell invasion.

Medicine

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Physiology, Schizophrenia, Nervous System, Mental Illness, Genes and Schizophrenia, Neuroplasticity

Nerve-Signaling Protein Regulates Gene Associated with Schizophrenia

Researchers from the University of California, San Diego, have identified a protein that regulates a gene associated with schizophrenia. The study’s findings have significant implications for schizophrenia treatment.

Medicine

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alzheimer disease, Parkinson Disease, Lewy Body Dementia

Evidence of Alzheimer’s in Patients with Lewy Body Disease Tracks with Course of Dementia

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Patients who had a diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease with dementia or dementia with Lewy bodies and had higher levels of Alzheimer’s disease pathology in their donated post-mortem brains also had more severe symptoms of these Lewy body diseases during their lives, compared to those whose brains had less AD pathology

Medicine

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Chronic Pain Grant Will Study Botox® Use in Children With Migraines

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ASRA Member Shalini Shah, MD, of the University of California, Irvine, is the principal investigator of the latest study to be awarded ASRA's Chronic Pain Research Grant.

Medicine

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Alzheimer's

Dementia Expert Available to Discuss New Study That Shows Living Close to Major Roads Is Linked to Dementia

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