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Medicine

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Fetal Alcohol Exposure, Taste Nerves, Nervous System, Alcohol Addiction, Alcohol Abuse, Alcoholism, Alcohol Taste, Adolescence, Teenagers

Exposure to Alcohol Before Birth May Make Drinking More Appealing to Teens

A new study suggests that fetal alcohol exposure (FAE) reduces the taste system’s responsiveness to the bitter flavor and burning sensation of many varieties of alcoholic beverages. These factors make alcohol unappealing to some people, but, for reasons that are unclear, are less of a deterrent in young people exposed to alcohol before birth.

Medicine

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Opiate dependence, Opioid, opioid abuse, Opioid Abuse Epidemic, opioid analgesics, Opioid Addiction, Medical, Medicine, physiciain, Doctor, Medical Regulation, medical board, Guideline

FSMB Releases Updated Guidelines for Chronic Use of Opioid Analgesics

The Federation of State Medical Boards releases its updated guidelines for the chronic use of opioid analgesics.

Medicine

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opioid abuse, Opiod Pain Medications, Emergency Medicine, Prescription Drug Abuse, Opioid Epidemic, Drug Abuse, Emergency room visits, Penn Medicine, Addiction

Even Small Quantities of Opioids Prescribed for Minor Injuries Increase Risk of Long-Term Use

Patients who received their first opioid prescription for an ankle sprain treated in U.S. emergency departments commonly received prescriptions for anywhere from 15 to 40 pills, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Those who received 30 or more pills compared to less than 15 pills were twice as likely to fill an additional opioid prescription within three to six months. The authors say the results point to the urgent need for policies and guidelines to address when opioid medications are indicated for minor injuries and to reduce the number of pills supplied for opioid prescriptions.

Medicine

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Body Donations, A-Fib Scores, Prostate Cancer Screenings, and More in the Healthcare News Source

The latest research, features and announcements in healthcare in the Healthcare News Source

Medicine

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Research Funding, Tobacco Control Policies, tobacco and young adults, Climate Action, Clean Air, Clean Power Plan , Tobacco regulation, Advocacy, Affordable Care Act , affordable health care

ATS Rally to Highlight Recent Proposals That Would Significantly Impact Research Funding and Public Health Priorities

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On Tuesday, May 23, 2017, the American Thoracic Society will lead ATS members, pulmonary clinicians, researchers, and patient advocates in the ATS Rally on Capitol Hill: Lab Coats for Lungs. The rally will bring attention to recent policies that threaten to undermine many of the ATS’s advocacy priorities including: research funding, tobacco regulation, affordable health care, and clean air.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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neighborhood environment, Alcohol Use

Where You Live May Impact How Much You Drink

Neighborhoods with greater poverty and disorganization may play a greater role in problem drinking than the availability of bars and stores that sell hard liquor, a University of Washington-led study has found.

Medicine

Science

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Thirsty Seeds, Strawberry Mythbusters, Sugar or Protein, and More in the Food Science News Source

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Medicine

Science

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Startle Response, eye blink reflex, defensive measure, emotional processing, Alcohol Problems, Alcohol Use Disorder, clinical marker, reward motivation

The Blink of an Eye May Predict Risk for Alcohol Problems

The startle response, often recorded as an eye-blink reflex, is a defensive measure believed to reflect emotional processing. Patients with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) show abnormal startle-reflex responses to alcohol-related stimuli. This study examined startle-reflex responses to various visual stimuli among heavy drinkers, and assessed whether certain patterns predict the development of AUDs four years later.

Medicine

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Elder Abuse, Older Adults, aging, Geriatrics

Seniors Who Live with Their Abusers Often Suffer Recurrent Abuse

Older adults who have been hospitalized for injuries from an assault are more likely to experience subsequent physical abuse if they are female, widowed, diagnosed with dementia, or return home to live with the perpetrator, according to a new study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Bullying, Adolescence, Depression, Alcohol, Marijuana, Healthcare, Psychology, Human Development

Bullying's Lasting Impact

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A new study led by the University of Delaware found that kids who are bullied in fifth grade often suffer from depression and begin using alcohol and other substances years after the initial incidents.







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