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Most Wired Hospitals, Training with the NFL, Parent/Doctor Relationship, and More in the Healthcare News Source

The latest research, features and announcements in healthcare in the Healthcare News Source

Medicine

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attention deficient hyperactivity disorder, ADHD, Attention, Medication, Drug Abuse, Substance Abuse, Alcohol Abuse, Drug Addiction, Addiction, Alcoholism, Adult ADHD, Mental Health, ADHD medication

ADHD Medication Tied to Lower Risk for Alcohol, Drug Abuse in Teens and Adults

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The use of medication to treat attention deficient hyperactivity disorder is linked to significantly lower risk for substance use problems in adolescents and adults with ADHD, according to a study published in the American Journal of Psychiatry and led by Indiana University.

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Sinus, Smoking Cessation

Sinus Disease Symptoms Improve 10 Years After Patients Quit Smoking

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Patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) who quit smoking will see their condition improve over a period of about 10 years, according to the results of a new study led by the Sinus Center at Mass. Eye and Ear.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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tobacco control act, FDA

Ethically Interpreting Eight Words in the Tobacco Control Act to Help FDA and the Courts

A novel project led by the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, and funded by The Greenwall Foundation, will develop the most ethically appropriate, legally viable interpretations of a critical eight-word phrase in the Federal Tobacco Control Act, in addition to other related passages.

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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addiction research guide, addiction pharmacological treatments, addiction psychological treatments, addiction treatment providers, Alcohol Addiction, Opioid Addiction, stimulant addiction, gambling disorder, Gambling addiction

New Book Provides Guide to Evidence-Based Practices in Addiction Treatment

A definitive guide to the findings from cutting-edge clinical research on addiction to front-line clinicians is found in a new book, Integrating Psychological and Pharmacological Treatments for Addictive Disorders published by Routledge.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Addiction, Prenatal alcohol exposure, endocannibinoids, Birth Defects, neurodevelopmental abnormalities, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders , Alcoholism, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Depression, Anxiety, impulse control

Why Does Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Increase the Likelihood of Addiction?

One of the many negative consequences when fetuses are exposed to alcohol in the womb is an increased risk for drug addiction later in life. Neuroscientists in the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions are discovering why.

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Opioid Addiction & Chronic Pain: For Physiatrists a Challenge and Opportunity

The use of opioids in management of cancer pain and palliative care is widely accepted. The use of opioids to treat chronic non-cancer pain is more controversial. Some of the consequences of long term opioid therapy are physical and psychological dependence, abuse, and addiction. The objective of the treatment of chronic pain is maintaining functionality and continued participation in society. The 2011 report from the Institute of Medicine revealed that 100 million Americans live with chronic pain.

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Extramarital Sex Trends, Dominant Male Behavior, Reducing Sexual Violence by Athletes, and More in the Sex and Relationships News Source

The latest research and features on sex in the Sex and Relationships News Source

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drinking and driving, DWI, Intoxication, bar drinkers, BRAC, Breath Alcohol Concentrations, Nightclub, Restaurants, Self Assessment

Which Bar Patrons Underestimate Their Inebriation the Most?

Prior research suggests that college students, males, and people drinking alcohol at restaurants, bars, and nightclubs are at particularly high risk for driving after drinking. Breath-testing devices are not usually found at these drinking establishments, so patrons generally assess their own intoxication levels using internal (feelings of intoxication) and external (number of drinks consumed) cues. This study examined bar patrons’ self-estimates of their breath alcohol concentrations (BrACs) in natural drinking environments.

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HIVAIDS, Alcohol Use, Antiretroviral Therapy, risky drinking, Medication Adherence, Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence

At-Risk Alcohol Use Predicts Lower Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy among Persons with HIV/AIDS

Advancements in antiretroviral therapy (ART) have allowed people living with HIV/AIDS to maintain a quality of life similar to those without HIV infection. Medication adherence is key, however, as non-adherence to ART can lead to poorer HIV suppression, decreased CD4 cell count, and an increased risk for antiretroviral drug resistance. Prior research has shown that alcohol use is common among persons living with HIV/AIDS, and that the rate of current heavy drinking may be almost double that of the general population. This study examined whether “at-risk” alcohol use – defined as more than three drinks per day for women and more than four drinks per day for men – was associated with ART non-adherence among persons living with HIV/AIDS.







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