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Medicine

Science

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Cryo Electron Microscope, cryo-EM, cryo-electron microscopy, Structural Biology

Cryo-EM Reveals Ignition Mechanism for DNA Replication

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An international team of scientists, led by structural biologists at Van Andel Research Institute, has shed new light on a critical step in DNA replication, offering fresh insights into a fundamental process of life and driver of many different diseases, including cancer.

Medicine

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Dentistry, root canal, clinical trial, Nanodiamonds, Infection, gutta percha

Nanodiamonds Show Promise for Aiding Recovery From Root Canal

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People who undergo root canals may soon have a tiny but powerful ally that could prevent infection after treatment. In a paper published Oct. 23 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, UCLA researchers write that combining nanodiamonds with gutta percha, a material used to fill disinfected root canals, may enhance the gutta percha’s protective properties.

Medicine

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alk cancer, alk melanoma, kasey couts, skin cancer, skin cancer treatment

Lung Cancer Driver ALK-Fusion Found in Melanoma

University of Colorado Cancer Center study finds a genetic change called ALK-fusion in a patient sample of a melanoma subtype called mucosal melanoma. When researchers treated a tumor grown from this sample with the drugs crizotinib and ceritinib – both FDA approved to treat ALK-positive lung cancer – the tumor responded dramatically.

Science

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Climate Change, Lemurs, Madagascar, Primatology, Extinct Species

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 26-Oct-2017 12:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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Anesthesia, Pain Management, Anesthesiology, Pain Medicine, Opioids, Opioid Crisis, Epidemic, Opioid Epidemic, Pain medicine physicians, Medical community, Prescription, Pain Clinic, chronic opioid use

The Opioid Crisis: 'What Have We Learned and Where Do We Go from Here'?

Anesthesiology and pain medicine should play a leading role in developing effective alternatives and solutions to the US opioid crisis, according to the November issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia—a special thematic issue presenting information on the "background, problems, and possible solutions to the opioid epidemic."

Medicine

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Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, CWRU visual science core facility, CWRU Pharmacology Department, Pharmacology, Vitamin A, National Institutes of Health, metabolic pathways, Inflammation, Protein, Diet, ISX, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Inflammatory Diseases, nutritional interventions , beta-carotene, Immunity, gastrointestinal immunity

Protein Regulates Vitamin A Metabolic Pathways, Prevents Inflammation

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A team of researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have discovered how uncontrolled vitamin A metabolism in the gut can cause harmful inflammation. The discovery links diet to inflammatory diseases, like Crohn’s disease and inflammatory bowel syndromes, and could inform nutritional interventions.

Medicine

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Cancer, Cells, Biology, Cell Biology

New Study Shows How Cells Can Be Led Down Non-Cancer Path

As cells with a propensity for cancer break down food for energy, they reach a fork in the road: They can either continue energy production as healthy cells, or shift to the energy production profile of cancer cells. In a new study, University of Wisconsin–Madison researchers map out the molecular events that direct cells’ energy metabolism down the cancerous path. Their findings could lead to ways to interrupt the process.

Science

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Structural Materials, Physics, condensed matter and materials, Ames Laboratory, Uconn, Superconductor, shape memory materials

Ames Laboratory, UConn Discover Superconductor with Bounce

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The U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory has discovered extreme “bounce,” or super-elastic shape-memory properties in a material that could be applied for use as an actuator in the harshest of conditions, such as outer space, and might be the first in a whole new class of shape memory materials.

Medicine

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Dr. Mark Lester, Esophageal Cancer, Mayo Clinic, Medical Research, Minnesota News Releases, news releases, Particle Therapy Cooperative Group, Proton Therapy, Radiation Therapy

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 24-Oct-2017 6:05 PM EDT

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Weight Loss, Social Media, Marketing, Health

Study: Want to Lose Weight? Snap That Selfie, Set That Goal, Share with Others

Progress pics, before and after selfies and public declarations in virtual communities are helpful for reaching weight loss goals, new study finds.







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