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Medicine

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Fibromyalgia, gout, polymyalgia rheumatica

Young People Report Worse Fibromyalgia Than Older Patients

It may seem counterintuitive, but young and middle-aged fibromyalgia patients report worse symptoms and poorer quality of life than older patients, a Mayo Clinic study shows.

Science

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Nanotechnology, Engineering, Quantum Physics

Making the Light at the End of the Tunnel More Efficient

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Nanoscale engineering boosts performance of quantum dot light emitting diodes

Medicine

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Metabolomics, Diabetes, Metabolic Disease, Kidney Disease, Nephrology, Cell Biology

Enzyme Restores Function with Diabetic Kidney Disease

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Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine say that, while a prevailing theory suggests elevated cellular levels of glucose ultimately result in diabetic kidney disease, the truth may, in fact, be quite the opposite. The findings could fundamentally change understanding of how diabetes-related diseases develop – and how they might be better treated.

Medicine

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Breast Cancer, personal growth

New Study Shows Positive Personal Growth Following Breast Cancer Diagnosis

Although being diagnosed with breast cancer is usually an extremely stressful experience for most women, a new study by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center has found that there also can be unexpected benefits.

Science

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Solar Cells, Photovoltaic Technology, Luminosity, Diodes, crystal structure, Arizona State University, Georgia Insitute of Technology, sustainability energy

ASU, Georgia Tech Create Breakthrough for Solar Cell Efficiency

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In an article recently published in the journal Applied Physics Letters, Arizona State University researchers, in collaboration with a scientific team led by Professor Alan Doolittle at the Georgia Institute of Technology, have just revealed the fundamental aspect of a new approach to growing InGaN crystals for diodes, which promises to move photovoltaic solar cell technology toward record-breaking efficiencies.

Science

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Kiwi, Genome

Surprises Discovered in Decoded Kiwifruit Genome

A new study that decoded the DNA sequence of the kiwifruit has concluded that the fruit has many genetic similarities between its 39,040 genes and other plant species, including potatoes and tomatoes. The study also has unveiled two major evolutionary events that occurred millions of years ago in the kiwifruit genome.

Science

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Diabetes, Monitoring, Blood Glucose Levels, Laser, photoacoustic spectroscopy, Elte Sensoric, Werner Mäntele, Miguel A. Pleitez, Tobias Lieblein, Alexander Bauer, Otto Hertzberg, Hermann von Lilienfeld-Toal, Institut für Biophysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität, Review of Scientific Instruments

Measuring Blood Sugar With Light

One key to healthful living with diabetes is monitoring sugar levels to ensure they remain stable. People can easily do this at home using devices that read sugar levels in a drop of blood. Now a team of researchers has devised a non-invasive way to make monitoring easier. Using infrared laser light applied on top of the skin, they measure sugar levels in the fluid in and under skin cells to read blood sugar levels.

Science

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Microscopy

New Microscopes at NIH Reveal Live, Developing Cells in Unprecedented 3-D Clarity

Researchers at NIH have developed two new microscopes, both the first of their kind. The first captures small, fast moving organisms at an unprecedented rate and the second displays large cell samples in three dimensions while decreasing the amount of harmful light exposure to the cells. Both microscopes surpass in clarity any other currently on the market.

Medicine

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Epigenetics, acute pain, Chronic Pain, Postoperative Pain, Histone

Epigenetics: A Key to Controlling Acute and Chronic Pain

Epigenetics, the study of changes in gene expression through mechanisms outside of the DNA structure, has been found to control a key pain receptor related to surgical incision pain, according to a study in the November issue of Anesthesiology. This study reveals new information about pain regulation in the spinal cord.

Science

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DNA, low energy electrons, Radiation Therapy, DNA plasmid, Omar Boulanouar, Michel Fromm, Christophe Mavon, Pierre Cloutier, Léon Sanche, Université de Franche-Comté, Université de Sherbrooke, Journal of Chemical Physics

Understanding DNA Damage

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Every day, all day, our DNA gets beaten up by chemicals and radiation -- but remarkably, most of us stay healthy. Now, an investigation by a team of French and Canadian researchers has produced insights into a little-studied but common radiation threat to DNA: low-energy electrons (LEEs), with energies of 0-15 electron volts.







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