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Medicine

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Stroke, Disability After Stroke

Regenerating Spinal Cord Fibers May be Treatment for Stroke-Related Disabilities

A study by researchers at Henry Ford Hospital found “substantial evidence” that a regenerative process involving damaged nerve fibers in the spinal cord could hold the key to better functional recovery by most stroke victims. The findings may offer new hope to those who suffer stroke, the leading cause of long-term disability in adults.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Neural Activity, Meditation, Behavior, Mindfulness, Compassion, Brain

Study Shows People Can Be Trained to Be More Compassionate

Until now, little was scientifically known about the human potential to cultivate compassion — the emotional state of caring for people who are suffering in a way that motivates altruistic behavior. A new study by researchers at the Center for Investigating Healthy Minds at the Waisman Center of the University of Wisconsin–Madison shows that adults can be trained to be more compassionate.

Medicine

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Lung Cancer, Cancer, Computed Tomography

NLST: CT Detects Twice as Many Lung Cancers as X-Ray

CT scans detected twice as many early-stage lung cancers as chest X-ray on initial screening exam, according to additional National Lung Screening Trial results. Investigators say the 20 percent lung cancer mortality reduction previously reported in the NLST is achievable at screening centers in the U.S.

Medicine

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Supplements, Supplement, Fish Oil Supplements, Fish Oil, Endocrine Society, Endocrine, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism , Omega 3 Fatty Acids, Diabetes, Diabetes & Endocrinology, Heart Disease, Cardiovascular

Fish Oil Supplements May Help Fight Against Type 2 Diabetes

Widely-used fish oil supplements modestly increase amounts of a hormone that is associated with lower risk of diabetes and heart disease, according to a study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM).

Medicine

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Intensive Care Units, Penn Medicine, ATS, American Thoracic Society, End Of Life, univeristy of pennsylvania, Critical Care

Decisions to Forgo Life Support May Depend Heavily on the ICU Where Patients are Treated

The decision to limit life support in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) appears to be significantly influenced by physician practices and/or the culture of the hospital, suggests new findings from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference on May 21.

Medicine

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Cancer, Neutraceutical, apigenin

The Compound in the Mediterranean Diet that Makes Cancer Cells ‘Mortal’

New research suggests that a compound abundant in the Mediterranean diet takes away cancer cells’ “superpower” to escape death.

Science

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Geoscientists Predict New Compounds Could Change Our View of What Planets are Made Of

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A team of researchers led by Artem R. Oganov, a professor of theoretical crystallography in the Department of Geosciences, has made a startling prediction that challenges existing chemical models and current understanding of planetary interiors — magnesium oxide, a major material in the formation of planets, can exist in several different compositions. The team’s findings, “Novel stable compounds in the Mg-O system under high pressure,” are published in the online edition of Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. The existence of these compounds — which are radically different from traditionally known or expected materials — could have important implications.

Science

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Climate Change, fossi snails, Ecology, Environment

Snail Tale: Fossil Shells and New Geochemical Technique Provide Clues to Ancient Climate Cooling

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Using a new laboratory technique to analyze fossil snail shells, scientists have gained insights into an abrupt climate shift that transformed the planet nearly 34 million years ago.

Science

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millet, cereal grains, Grains, Famine, Food Security, gluten-free

Research Shows Great Promise for Millet Grains

Climate change, water scarcity, increasing world population, and rising food prices are only some of the socioeconomic factors that threaten agriculture and food security worldwide, especially for disadvantaged populations that live in arid and sub-arid regions. In the May issue of Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, published by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), researchers looked into how millet grains serve as a major food component for millions of people in these countries, as well as for people with special diet needs and those seeking foods high in nutrients.

Life

Education

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Physics and Astronomy, Sergei Maslov, Tin Yau Pang, Laufer Center for Physical and Quantitative Biology, Stony Brook University, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Linux, Computational Biology, KBase, Genomes, Systems Biology Knowledgebase, Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences, Laufer Center for Physical and Quantitative Biology, Darwin, survi

“Survival of the Fittest” Now Applies to Computers

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Stony Brook alum and graduate student publish findings that identify surprising similarities between genetic and computer codes in the April 9 issue of PNAS.







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