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Medicine

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Mayo Clinic, Thyroid Cancer, Papillary, Endocrinology

High-Tech Imaging Contributing to Overdiagnosis of Low-Risk Thyroid Cancers

An increasing gap between the incidence of thyroid cancer and deaths from the disease suggests that low-risk cancers are being overdiagnosed and overtreated, a study from the Mayo Clinic Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery finds. The study appears in the current issue of the British Medical Journal.

Medicine

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Polymer, Polysaccharide, Cellulose, Biomaterials, carboxyester, Drugs, nucleation, Crystals, Natural Resources and Environment, Kevin Edgar

Biomaterial, Pharmacy Researchers Develop Polymer to Help Oral Medications Reach Bloodstream

Research on new polymer additives that enhance the ability of orally administered drugs will result in greater effectiveness and fewer side effects, researchers say

Medicine

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Diabetes & Endocrinology, cardiolology, Cardiovascular Disease, Genetics

Joslin Scientists Identify Genetic Variant Associated with Coronary Heart Disease in Type 2 Diabetes

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Joslin scientists, in collaboration with researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health and Italian research institutes, have identified a previously unknown genetic variant associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in type 2 diabetic patients. This discovery has the potential to lead to the development of new treatments for CHD in diabetic patients.

Medicine

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Combination Drug Regimen Appears Beneficial for Patients With Hepatitis C

Treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection with the interferon-free regimen of sofosbuvir and ribavirin resulted in a high sustained virologic response rate in a patient population with unfavorable treatment characteristics, according to a study in the August 28 issue of JAMA.

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Study Examines Relationship of a Commercial ACO Contract with Medical Spending

Payment incentives implemented with a commercial accountable care organization (ACO) initiative in Massachusetts –Blue Cross Blue Shield’s Alternative Quality Contract (AQC) – were associated with lower spending for Medicare enrollees served by the provider groups participating in the AQC, findings that suggest that evaluations of ACO programs may need to consider the implications for other patient populations to assess their full clinical and economic benefits, according to a study in the August 28 issue of JAMA.

Medicine

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Genetic Variant Associated With Increased CHD Risk in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes

Researchers have identified a previously unknown genetic locus (the place a gene occupies on a chromosome) significantly associated with increased coronary heart disease risk among patients with type 2 diabetes, but the association was not found in individuals without diabetes, according to a study in the August 28 issue of JAMA.

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X-Ray of Ducts During Gallbladder Surgery Not Linked With Reduction in Risk of Common Duct Injury

In an analysis of a procedure used to help prevent common duct injury during gallbladder removal surgery, use of intraoperative cholangiography (radiologic examination of the ducts during gallbladder surgery) was not associated with a reduced risk of common duct injury, according to a study in the August 28 issue of JAMA.

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Gastroenteritis Hospitalizations in Adults Reduced Since Start of Infant Rotavirus Vaccination

“Implementation of infant rotavirus vaccination in 2006 has substantially reduced the burden of severe gastroenteritis among U.S. children younger than 5 years,” write Paul A. Gastanaduy, M.D., M.P.H., of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, and colleagues. “Whether indirect protection (due to reduced transmission of rotavirus) extends to adults remains unclear.”

Medicine

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Stomach Cancer, Gastric Cancer, cancer subtypes, Duke Medicine, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore, Tumor Biology

Three Subtypes of Gastric Cancer Suggest Different Treatment Approaches

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Stomach cancer, one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide, actually falls into three broad subtypes that respond differently to currently available therapies, according to researchers at Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore.

Science

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emulsions, Mixtures, food mixture

Understanding Emulsions in Foods

An emulsion is a mixture of two fluids such as oil and water that is achieved by breaking up the molecules in both substances into very fine, small droplets in order to keep the combination from separating. In the August issue of Food Technology magazine published by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) Contributing Editor, J. Peter Clark breaks down what emulsifiers are and how they are used in familiar foods.







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