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Medicine

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Sleep Apnea, Driving, Drowsy Driving, vehicular accidents

ATS Publishes Clinical Practice Guidelines on Sleep Apnea and Driving

The American Thoracic Society has released new clinical practice guidelines on sleep apnea, sleepiness, and driving risk on non-commercial drivers.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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elite athletes, Athletic Performance, Physical development, Heart Health, Aging, Exercise, Sitting, Physical Activity, Pedometers, Desk job

Indiana University Research Presented at the American College of Sports Medicine Meeting

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More than 55 Indiana U. researchers participated in ACSM. Here, researchers discuss findings involving elite athletes, arterial stiffening in young and older populations, and a simple program for losing weight and sitting less.

Life

Business

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Entrepreneurism, Personality Profile

Psychologist Helps to Map Countries’ Entrepreneurial Spirit

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Researchers mapped the entrepreneurial personality structures in the United States, Great Britain and Germany, identifying regions where a feeling of entrepreneurial spirit is “most at home.”

Medicine

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Cancer, Oncology, Glioblastoma, Brain Tumors, Genetics

Oncogene Mutation Hijacks Splicing Process to Promote Growth and Survival

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An international team of researchers – led by principal investigator Paul S. Mischel, MD, a member of the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research and professor in the Department of Pathology at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine – has found that a singular gene mutation helps brain cancer cells to not just survive, but grow tumors rapidly by altering the splicing of genes that control cellular metabolism.

Medicine

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Cervical Cancer, Cervix, Cisplatin, Chemotherapy Response, Radiation Oncolgy

Pretesting Cervical Tumors Could Inform Treatment

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Doctors at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that testing cervical tumors before treatment for vulnerability to chemotherapy predicts whether patients will do well or poorly with standard treatment. The study supports the future possibility of personalized medicine for cervical cancer, a tumor normally addressed with a one-size-fits-all approach.

Science

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Graphene, CVD, grain boundaries, Carbon, atom, Atomic Scale, Crystalline, Composite Materials, Nanotech, Nanotechnology, 2D, 3D, 2D layered materials

Even with Defects, Graphene Is Strongest Material in the World

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Columbia Engineering researchers demonstrate that graphene, even if stitched together from many small crystalline grains, is almost as strong as graphene in its perfect crystalline form. This resolves a contradiction between theoretical simulations, which predicted grain boundaries can be strong, and earlier experiments, which indicated they were much weaker than the perfect lattice.

Medicine

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Mother’s Level of Education Has Impact on Depression in Her Children

Children of women who did not finish high school were twice as likely to experience a major episode of depression in early adulthood as children whose mothers obtained a high school diploma, according to a new study by researchers at McGill University.

Science

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Climate Change, Climate Model, ocean salinity

Mapping Sea Salt From Orbit: Building Better Ocean and Climate Models

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Climate is greatly influenced by the flow of heat energy carried by ocean currents. But precisely quantifying the mixing between the ocean and the atmosphere is hampered by a lack of detail in models of the ocean and of the water cycle. And in both models, knowing the salt content of the water is essential.

Medicine

Science

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Mosquitoes, Vanderbilt, Dengue Fever, Malaria, Yellow Fever, West Nile Virus, Ohio State, Cornell, Kidney Failure, PLoS ONE

Chemical Causes Kidney Failure in Mosquitoes

Researchers are targeting a possible new weapon in the fight against malaria, science that could also be applied in the fight against other devastating mosquito-borne illnesses, according to a Vanderbilt study published in PLOS ONE.

Medicine

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HIV, AIDS, Baligh Yehia, Penn Medicine, University Of Pennsylvania, Transgender, gay, Lgbt, LGBT Health, Antiretroviral Therapy, art, Drug Adherence

HIV Treatment Adherence and Outcomes Improving Among HIV-Positive Transgender People

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Advances in care, increased focus on LGBT health may explain shift from previous findings.







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