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Medicine

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Pediatric, Fever, Bacterial Infection, Viral Infection, Antibiotics, Microarray Gene Profiling, Diagnosis

In Children with Fever, Researchers Distinguish Bacterial From Viral Infections

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Many children develop fevers without an obvious cause. Now, researchers have shown they can tell whether a child has a viral or bacterial infection by profiling the activity of genes in a blood sample.

Medicine

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Cancer, NCI-60, genetic variants

Comprehensive List of Gene Variants Developed for Cancer Cells From Nine Tissue Types

NCI scientists have developed a comprehensive list of genetic variants for each of the types of cells that comprise what is known as the NCI-60 cell line collection. This new list adds depth to the most frequently studied human tumor cell lines in cancer research, molecular pharmacology, and drug discovery.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Ithaca College, Research, Bilingual

Bilingual Children Have a Two-Tracked Mind

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Ithaca College faculty member Skott Freedman has discovered insights that indicate children can learn two native languages as easily as they can learn one.

Science

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Evolutionary Biology, Metabolic, Traits, Natural Selection

Great Exaptations: Most Traits Emerge for No Crucial Reason

In Nature this week, Santa Fe Institute External Professor Andreas Wagner and University of Zurich colleague Aditya Barve, by simulating changes in an organism’s metabolism, show that most traits may emerge as non-crucial "exaptations" rather than as selection-advantageous adaptations.

Life

Education

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Gifted Children, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University, STEM careers, Gifted Students, Gifted Youth

Early Spatial Reasoning Predicts Later Creativity and Innovation, Especially in STEM Fields

Exceptional spatial ability at age 13 predicts creative and scholarly achievements more than 30 years later, according to results from a Vanderbilt University longitudinal study, published today in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Science

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wildlife health, Conservation, Argentina, Veterinary

Impacts of Human-Driven Change On Argentine Forests: Good for Parasites, Bad for Birds

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A new report by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Disease Ecology Laboratory of Instituto de Ciencias Veterinarias del Litoral, Argentina (ICIVET LITORAL, UNL-CONICET) shows that increases in precipitation and changes in vegetative structure in Argentine forests – factors driven by climate change and deforestation in the region – are leading to increased parasitism of young nesting birds by fly larvae (botflies) of the species Philornis torquans.

Medicine

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patients and dying

A New Conversation Guide to Help Physicians Talk to Their Patients About End-of-Life Care and Dying

With an aging population and people living longer with chronic illness, it is increasingly important for patients and family members to decide how they and their loved ones would like to spend their final days. And for physicians in both hospital and primary care settings, it is crucial that they know how to address this issue with sensitivity. A new “conversation guide” aims to guide physicians through these sensitive discussions with patients in hospital and their family members.

Medicine

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Case Western Reserve University, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, kangaroo care, premature newborns, early childcare, Bonding

“Kangaroo Care” Found to Offer Developmental Benefits for Premature Newborns

New research in the Journal of Newborns & Infant Nursing Reviews concludes that so-called “kangaroo care” (KC), the skin-to-skin and chest-to-chest touching between baby and mother, offers developmentally appropriate therapy for hospitalized preterm infants.

Medicine

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Direct To Consumer Genetic Tests

Study Reveals How Patients Experience Direct-to-Consumer Tests

Several companies sell genetic testing directly to consumers, but little research has been done on how consumers experience such tests. Now, a study is providing insight into how a diverse sample of primary care patients experience genetic testing.

Medicine

Science

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Cranberries, Cranberry, Urinary Tract Infection , Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Infection, Bacteria, Antibiotic, Catheter

How Cranberries Impact Infection-Causing Bacteria

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McGill University researchers are shedding light on the biological mechanisms by which cranberries may impart protective properties against urinary tract and other infections.







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