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Medicine

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Rett, Syndrome, Igf 1, Treatment, Protein, Neurological, Disorder, Nerve, cell

Study Suggests Possible Treatment for Neurological Disorder Rett Syndrome

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Injecting the small protein insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) into the bloodstream reduces Rett syndrome symptoms in mice, including lethargy, breathing and heart rhythm irregularities, reduced brain size, and stalled nerve cell development. Rett syndrome is an inherited neurological disease that affects one out of 10,000 girls born. The disease does not have a cure or treatment.

Science

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Epigenetics, Neuroscience, Memory, Lamarck, Mendel, Darwin, LTP, Transgenerational, Learning

Do You Know What Your Mother Did When She Was Young?

A study of brain function in young, memory-deficient mice reveals that a stimulating environment improves not only their memory but also the memory of their memory-deficient offspring. If this improvement also occurs in humans, a mother's youthful experiences may help shape her children's ability to learn.

Science

Medicine

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Neuroscience, Genome, DNA, Memory, Learning Disorder, Brain, Brain Function

What Your Mother Did When She Was a Child May Have an Effect On Your Memory and Learning Ability

A new study by researchers from Rush University Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine using mice indicate that a child's memory and the severity of learning disorders may be affected by what his or her mother did when she was a child. Findings from the study will be published in the February 4th issue of The Journal of Neuroscience.

Medicine

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Dr. Patricia Smith, Physical Threapy, Armeo Device, Mechanical Arm, Neurological Injuries, Strokes, Traumatic Brain Injury, Motor Recovery, Quality, Dr. Duke Samson, Ut Southwestern Medical Center

Physical Therapists Test Mechanical Arm to Help Patients Recover from Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury

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Physical therapists at UT Southwestern Medical Center are evaluating a new mechanical arm that allows people recovering from neurological injuries such as strokes and traumatic brain injury to enter a virtual world where they can repeatedly practice movements needed to regain arm strength and movement.

Medicine

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Neurology, Jefferson Medical College, Jefferson Hospital For Neuroscience

Jefferson Professor Elected President of the Philadelphia Neurological Society

Abdolmohamad Rostami, M.D. Ph. D., professor and chair of the Department of Neurology at Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University and director of the Multiple Sclerosis and Neuroimmunology Research Laboratory at Jefferson Hospital for Neuroscience has been elected the 126th President of the Philadelphia Neurological Society.

Medicine

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Helmet, Prevention, Safety, head, NECK, Injury, Concussion, TBI, SCI, Fatality, Emergency, ROOM, CPSC, SNOW, ice, Winter, Sports, Skiing, skis, Sledding, Sleds, Hockey, Skating, Skates, Snowboarding, Snowboards, Snowmobiles

Put a Freeze on Winter Sports Injuries: Don't Risk your Neck for a Fleeting Moment of Fun

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Every winter there are tragic stories about children and adults who suffer life-altering and even fatal sports-related accidents. The AANS offers this advice: Don't risk your neck for that fleeting moment of fun, because it takes only one moment for a life to change forever. Wear a helmet and follow other safety precautions to help put a freeze on winter sports injuries.

Medicine

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Polyneuropathy, Muscle Weakness, Muscle Pain, Neurological Disorder, Tests For Neuropathy, Neuropathy, AAN, American Academy Of Neurology, Neurology Journal, Journal Neurology

Have Numbness, Pain or Muscle Weakness? Guidelines Identify Best Tests for Neuropathy

New guidelines developed by the American Academy of Neurology find a combination of blood tests and other specialized assessments appear to be the most helpful tests for finding the cause of neuropathy. Also known as neuritis or distal symmetric polyneuropathy, this common nerve problem affects people of all ages. The guidelines are published in the December 3, 2008, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Science

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Calcium Metabolism, Nerve Cells, Neurological Disorders, Spinocerebellar Ataxia 3, Sca3, Machado Joseph Disease, Dr. Ilya Bezprozvanny, Physiology, Ut Southwestern Medical Center

"˜Deranged Calcium Signaling' Contributes to Neurological Disorder

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Defective calcium metabolism in nerve cells may play a major role in a fatal genetic neurological disorder that resembles Huntington's disease, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found in a mouse study.

Medicine

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head, Injury, Traumatic, Brain, Injury, Skull, Fracture, Trauma, Prevention, Fashion, HAIR, Accessories, HAIR, Beads, Children, Pediatric, Toddlers, Parenting

Neurological Health Risk in Children with Blunt Head Injuries: Fashion Hair Beads

Injury from blunt trauma by common household objects carries the potential for significant morbidity and mortality. Fashion hair accessories present a hidden and often overlooked health risk in children who have suffered blunt head trauma, significant enough to cause skull fractures and complicate diagnosis and treatment.

Medicine

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Stem Cells, Parkinson's Disease, Thomas Jefferson University

Researchers Define Ideal Time for Stem Cell Collection for Parkinson's Disease Therapy

Researchers have identified a stage during dopamine neuron differentiation that may be an ideal time to collect human embryonic stem cells for transplantation to treat Parkinson's disease, according to data presented at Neuroscience 2008, the 38th annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience.

Medicine

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Neurosurgery, Neurosurgeon, Neurological, Chiari, Malformation, Syringomyelia, Headaches, pain, Fibromyalgia, Arnold Chiari, Congenital, Decompression, Pediatric, Brain, Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF), CSF, Spinal Cord

Patients with Chiari Type 1 Malformation and Syringomyelia Often Told "It's all in Your Head"

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According to the AANS, Chiari malformation can be difficult to diagnose because the symptoms mimic several other conditions, and as a result, patients are often told that there is no physical problem. Chiari malformation is indeed a physical condition and getting a proper diagnosis is the first step on the path to finding treatment that may provide hope and relief.

Medicine

Channels:

Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinson's, Neurobiology, Neurological Disease

Fatal Protein Interactions Key to Neurological Disease

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In a collaborative study at the University of California, San Diego, investigators from neurosciences, chemistry and medicine, as well as the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) have investigated how proteins involved in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease interact to form unique complexes.

Medicine

Channels:

Surgery, Trigeminal Neuralgia, Face Pain, pain, AAN, American Academy Of Neurology, Journal Neurology, Neurology Journal

Guideline: Surgery May Be Considered for Extreme Face Pain

A new guideline developed by the American Academy of Neurology finds surgery may be considered for people who suffer from extreme, electric shock-like pain in their face and do not respond well to drugs. The guideline on treating trigeminal neuralgia is published in the August 20, 2008, online issue of Neurology.

Medicine

Channels:

Headache, Botox, Botulinum Toxin, Sweating, Neurological Disorders, Neurology Journal, Neurology, American Academy Of Neurology, AAN

Botulinum Toxin Effective in Many Neurological Disorders, Not Headache

New guidelines developed by the American Academy of Neurology confirm that the drug botulinum toxin is safe and effective for treating cervical dystonia, a condition of involuntary head tilt or neck movement, spasticity and other forms of muscle overactivity that interfere with movement in adults and children with an upper motor neuron syndrome, and excessive sweating of the armpits and hands.

Medicine

Channels:

Carpal, Tunnel, Syndrome, Median, Nerve, Peripheral, Neurosurgeon, Numbness, pain, Burning, Tingling, Wrist, hand, Ligaments, Occupational, Therapy, Surgery, Computer, Keyboard

Sore Wrists and Hands Can Result from Our Work: but Is It Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?

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An estimated 2 million people in the United States are affected by carpal tunnel syndrome, according to the AANS. About half of all cases are work-related, and in fact, carpal tunnel syndrome accounts for the highest average number of days missed at work, when compared to all other work-related injuries or illnesses.

Medicine

Channels:

Obesity, Overweight, Stomach, Belly, Dementia, Memory, Thinking, Alzheimer's Disease, Cognitive Impairment, Mid Life, AAN, Neurology, Journal Neurology, Neurology, American Academy Of Neurology

Larger Belly in Mid-Life Increases Risk of Dementia

People with larger stomachs in their 40s are more likely to have dementia when they reach their 70s, according to a study published in the March 26, 2008, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Medicine

Channels:

Sweetners, Artificial Sweeteners, Calories, Body Weight, Diet Drinks, Obesity

Study in Rats Alleging Low-Calorie Sweeteners May Cause Overeating Carries Little Weight

A small rat study reported in the journal Behavioral Neuroscience alleging a link between low-calorie sweeteners and weight gain, needs to be considered in the proper scientific context, especially in relation to other previously published research that has reached the opposite conclusion. Previous studies in humans have shown that low-calorie sweeteners are indeed beneficial for weight control.

Medicine

Channels:

Sleep, Sleep Disorder, Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Narcolepsy, Insomnia, Daylight Saving, Sleep Deprivation, Circadian Rhythm

Don't Lose Sleep Over Daylight Saving Time

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Daylight saving time can wreak havoc on the millions of people already affected by sleep problems, but a few simple sleep habits can make all the difference this March 9.

Medicine

Channels:

Sleep Disorder, Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Narcolepsy, Insomnia, Stroke, Obesity

Can't Sleep? Sleep Expert Has the Answers

Ever wonder why you are fatigued during the day when you thought you slept throughout the night? Why your spouse snores so much? Whether your sleep problems might be related to other health issues? Dr. Aparajitha Verma, neurologist with the Sleep Disorders Center at the Methodist Neurological Institute in Houston, Texas, is here to answer those questions and help you get a good night's rest.

Medicine

Channels:

Stress, Neurogenerative, Diseases, Inflammation, Animal, Model

New Research Shows How Chronic Stress Worsens Neurodegenerative Disease Course

The evidence is accumulating on how bad stress is for health. Chronic stress can intensify inflammation and increase a person's risk for developing central nervous system infections, neurodegenerative diseases, like multiple sclerosis (MS), and other inflammatory diseases, say researchers presenting at the 115th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (APA).







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