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Science

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Biology, Neuroscience, Brain, Neurons, Synapses, Autism, Oregon

Capturing the Birth of a Synapse

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Researchers have identified the locking mechanism that allows some neurons to form synapses to pass along essential information. Mutations of genes that produce a critical cell-adhesion molecule involved in the work were previously linked to autism.

Medicine

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Multiple Sclerosis (MS), MS, Actos, Pioglitazone, Neuro Protective

Diabetes Drug Shows Promise Against Multiple Sclerosis

A drug currently FDA-approved for use in diabetes shows some protective effects in the brains of patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis, researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine report in a study online in the Journal of Neuroimmunology.

Medicine

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Menopause, Learning, Memory, Cognitive Skills, Menopause Transition, AAN, American Academy Of Neurology, Neurology Journal, Journal Neurology

Menopause Transition May Cause Trouble Learning

The largest study of its kind to date shows that women may not be able to learn as well shortly before menopause compared to other stages in life. The research is published in the May 26, 2009, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Medicine

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Statins, Stroke, Recurring Strokes, Cholesterol Lowering Drugs, AAN, American Academy Of Neurology, Neurology Journal, Journal Neurology

Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs May Help Prevent Stroke Recurrence

People who take cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins after a stroke may be less likely to have another stroke later, according to research published in the May 26, 2009, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Medicine

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Huntington's Disease, Molecular Mechanisms, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Malfunctioning Proteins, Apoptosis

Identifying Pathways in the Brain to Understand the Underlying Molecular Mechanism of Huntington's Disease

Researchers at Florida Atlantic University are investigating the molecular mechanisms of Huntington's disease (HD) to identify the pathways in the brain that are altered in response to mutant proteins, as well as to understand the cellular processes impacted by the disease in order to facilitate the development of effective pharmacological interventions. HD is a highly complex genetic, neurological disorder that causes certain nerve cells in the brain to waste away.

Medicine

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Brain, Aneurysms

Neurosurgeon Using New Liquid Treatment for Brain Aneurysms

A Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center physician is among the first in the country to treat a patient using an FDA-approved liquid system for treating wide-necked brain aneurysms.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Meditation, Ibmt, Neuroscience, Brain, Stress, Relaxation, China, Oregon

Of Body and Mind, and Deep Meditation

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Chinese researchers have unlocked the mechanism of an emerging mind-body technique that produces measurable changes in attention and stress reduction in just five days of practice.

Medicine

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Weight Loss, Old Age, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Alzheimer's Risk Factors, American Academy Of Neurology, AAN, Neurology Journal, Journal Neurology

Weight Loss in Old Age May Signal Dementia

A new study shows that older people who are thinner or are losing weight quickly are at a higher risk of developing dementia, especially if they started out overweight or obese. The research is published in the May 19, 2009, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Medicine

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Children, Brain, Network, Resting State, Cognition, Neurobiology

Brain's Organization Switches as Kids Become Adults

Any child confronting an outraged parent demanding to know "What were you thinking?" now has a new response: "Scientists have discovered that my brain is organized differently than yours."

Medicine

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Risk Index, Old Age, Elderly, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Alzheimer's Disease, AAN, American Academy Of Neurology, Journal Neurology, Neurology Journal

New Tool Can Help Predict Risk of Alzheimer's in Elderly

A new tool can help predict whether people age 65 and older have a high risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. Research on the tool is published in the May 13, 2009, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Medicine

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Dr. Matthew Fink, Dr. Randolph Marshall, Stroke, Neurology, Critical Care

Reduce Your Stroke Risk!

It takes less than a minute for a stroke to change a person's life forever, but taking the time to make a few simple lifestyle adjustments and finding out how to recognize an attack when it happens can save thousands of lives.

Medicine

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Children, Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury Haunts Children for Years

Traumatic Brain Injury is the single most common cause of death and disability in children and adolescents, according to the Centers for Disease Control. Now, according to a new study by UCLA researchers, the effects of a blow to the head, whether it's mild or a concussion, can linger for years.

Medicine

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Schizophrenia, Cognitive Problems, Meta Analysis

Cognition Already Seriously Impaired in First Episode of Schizophrenia

Significant and widespread cognitive problems appear to exist in schizophrenia in its earliest phase, making it very hard for people with the disorder to work, study or be social, according to a new study published by the American Psychological Association.

Medicine

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Alzheimer's Disease, Amyloid, Brain Imaging

Latest Findings on Imaging of Human Brain Amyloid

The web's foremost website on Alzheimer disease reports on the highlights from the 3rd annual Human Amyloid Imaging (HAI) conference held recently in Seattle, WA. Amyloid beta, a peptide that builds up abnormally in the brains of Alzheimer patients, can be studied by brain imaging. This landmark advance promises to yield new insights into how brain changes with aging and Alzheimer disease.

Science

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Psychology, Swinging, Problem Solving, Movement, Brain, Thinking

Body Movements Can Influence Problem Solving

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Swinging their arms helped participants in a new study solve a problem whose solution involved swinging strings, researchers report, demonstrating that the brain can use bodily cues to help understand and solve complex problems.

Medicine

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Multiple, Sclerosis, Myelin, Autoimmune

Researchers Identify Pathway to Reactivate Myelin Repair

Researchers have identified a key pathway that could lead to new therapies to repair nerve cells' protective coating stripped away as a result of autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis. An article appears in the May 13 online edition of the Journal of Neuroscience. The research may also lead to new therapies for autism, Alzheimer's disease, and perinatal brain injury.

Medicine

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Meditation, Hippocampus

How to Build a Bigger Brain

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UCLA researchers report that certain regions in the brains of long-term meditators were larger than non-meditators. Specifically, meditators showed significantly larger volumes of the hippocampus and areas within the orbito-frontal cortex, the thalamus and the inferior temporal gyrus "” all regions known for regulating emotions.

Medicine

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Alzheimer's Disease

Early Alzheimer's Diagnosis Offers Large Social, Fiscal Benefits

Early diagnosis and treatment of Alzheimer's disease could save millions or even billions of dollars while simultaneously improving care, according to new work by University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers.

Medicine

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Dementia, Long Term Care Facilities, Lighting Technology

A "Light Bulb" Moment for People with Dementia

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Change the lighting; improve your health. Researchers from Case Western Reserve University, the Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute's Lighting Research Center and GE Consumer & Industrial have begun testing in a long-term care facility where daylight is not readily available.

Medicine

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Compounds, Spinal Fluid, Dementia

Compounds in Spinal Fluid Linked to Faster Progression of Dementia

Levels of biomarkers in the cerebrospinal fluid of individuals with very mild dementia may be associated with the rate at which their thinking, learning and memory skills decline, according to a report in the May issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.







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