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Medicine

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Infectious Diseases, zika virus, Pregnancy, Obstetrics, Autism, Neurology, Virology

How Prenatal Maternal Infections May Affect Genetic Factors in Autism Spectrum Disorder

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In a new study, researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, University of Cyprus and Stanford University map the complex biological cascade caused by MIA: the expression of multiple genes involved in autism are turned up or down by MIA, affecting key aspects of prenatal brain development that may increase risk for atypical development later in life.

Science

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Roger Penrose, Quantum Mechanics, Artificial Intelligence, consciousness; neuroscience; neural correlates; AI; evolution of life; , Schrodinger Cat Paradox, mental and cognitive disorders, quantum effects , brain functions, Oxford University

Roger Penrose Institute to Form in San Diego

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A unique institute is being formed to develop and investigate the forward-thinking ideas of eminent British physicist Sir Roger Penrose. To be based in San Diego, California, with collaborations in London and Oxford in the UK, and Tucson, Arizona, the Institute will examine the interplay between quantum mechanics and general relativity and the possible implications on our understanding of consciousness.

Medicine

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Caution Needed for Drugs in Development for Most Common Malignant Pediatric Brain Tumor

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Inhibiting the Ezh2 enzyme may be counterproductive for treatment of certain cancers, including the aggressive brain tumor Group 3 medulloblastoma

Medicine

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Concussion, pediatric concussion, sports-related concussion, Postconcussive Symptom, Postconcussion Syndrome, Biomechanics

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 28-Mar-2017 12:00 AM EDT

Science

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Vision, 3-D

How the Brain Sees the World in 3-D

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We live in a three-dimensional world, but everything we see is first recorded on our retinas in only two dimensions.So how does the brain represent 3-D information? In a new study, researchers for the first time have shown how different parts of the brain represent an object’s location in depth compared to its 2-D location.

Medicine

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Brain Degenerative Disease, Degenerative Disease

Researchers Identify Potential Treatment for Type of Muscle and Brain Degenerative Disease

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UCLA researchers have discovered the molecular basis of an incurable disease known as inclusion body myopathy, Paget disease with frontotemporal dementia, or IBMPFD. Using both fruit flies and human cells the researchers discovered how IBMPFD mutations cause cellular damage, and identified two compounds that are able to reverse the mutations effects. The findings suggest potential strategies to combat IBMPFD and other diseases, including ALS.

Medicine

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Genetics, Psychiatry, Molecular Biology, Neurobiology, Depression, Mental Health, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Neuroscience

Mouse Study Identifies New Method for Treating Depression

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Standard antidepressant medications don’t work for everyone, and even when they do they are slow to kick in. In an effort to find better depression treatments, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine discovered that inhibiting an enzyme called Glyoxalase 1 (GLO1) relieves signs of depression in mice. Moreover, inhibiting GLO1 worked much faster than the conventional antidepressant Prozac.

Medicine

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Genomics, Appointment, Partnership, Pediatric Cancer

Sanford Burnham Prebys Scientist Joins Forces with Rady Children's for Genomic Medicine to Fight Childhood Brain Cancer

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Rady Children’s Institute for Genomic Medicine (RCIGM) announced that Robert Wechsler-Reya, Ph.D., has been named program director for the Joseph Clayes III Research Center for Neuro-Oncology and Genomics at RCIGM. Wechsler-Reya, a professor at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), will retain his position as director of the Tumor Initiation and Maintenance Program at SBP’s NCI-designated Cancer Center and will hold a joint appointment at RCIGM.

Science

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Chemistry/Physics/Materials Sciences (Neurochemistry); Medicine/Health (Neurobiology)

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 3-Apr-2017 5:00 AM EDT

Medicine

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Blood Pressure, University of Montreal, Family Medicine, Misdiagnosis, Medical Devices, Hypertension, Death, Disability, Canada, Medication

Do You Really Have High Blood Pressure?

A study by researchers at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) shows that more than half of family doctors in Canada are still using manual devices to measure blood pressure, a dated technology that often leads to misdiagnosis.







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