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  • Embargo expired:
    10-Apr-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 692349

High-School Students’ Binge Drinking Predicts Health-Risk Behaviors

Research Society on Alcoholism

Underage drinking can lead to risky or harmful behaviors that include unintentional and unprotected sex, physical and sexual assault, traffic and other injuries, suicide, homicide, and overdoses. Binge drinking among adults is defined as five drinks consumed during two hours by adult men and four drinks by adult women – typically producing a blood alcohol level (BAL) of ≥0.08%. Adolescents can reach a similar BAL after consuming fewer drinks. This paper explored whether and how different levels of adolescent drinking affected associations with health-risk behaviors.

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5-Apr-2018 7:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 692508

What Does Legalized Recreational Marijuana Mean for Your Health?

Rutgers University-New Brunswick

A Poison Control Center expert at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School discusses the health implications of legalized recreational marijuana

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10-Apr-2018 9:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 692418

Flavor Affects Free Radicals Produced by E-Cigarettes

Penn State College of Medicine

The flavor of an e-cigarette may affect more than a consumer’s taste buds, according to Penn State researchers who say the chemicals that make up the different flavors also produce different levels of free radicals.

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9-Apr-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 692411

Studies Show Hookah Also Plays Critical Role in Tobacco Product Landscape

University at Buffalo

The findings of two recently published studies on the emergence of hookah use indicate that public health officials may need to consider broadening their tobacco prevention efforts beyond traditional cigarettes.

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9-Apr-2018 9:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 692304

Tobacco Cessation Is Crucial to Preventing Oral, Head and Neck Cancers in Young African American Men

University of Alabama at Birmingham

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5-Apr-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    5-Apr-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 692040

Searching for Genetic Contributors to Alcohol Sensitivity

Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a complex trait, both in its causes and characteristics. Individuals’ sensitivity to alcohol can predict their risk of adverse alcohol outcomes like AUD. Further, AUD runs in families, reflecting in part a genetic component. Alcohol sensitivity includes multiple sub-types whose characteristics (phenotypes) reflect the genetic and environmental factors that interact to produce the disorder. This critical review examines phenotypes related to a person’s response to alcohol, with an emphasis on specific gene variants that potentially impact alcohol sensitivity.

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2-Apr-2018 9:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 692269

Animal Study Suggests Common Diabetes Drug May Also Help with Nicotine Withdrawal

Johns Hopkins Medicine

In a mouse study, a drug that has helped millions of people around the world manage their diabetes might also help people ready to kick their nicotine habits.

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5-Apr-2018 8:00 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    3-Apr-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 691961

Social Drinkers Who Wear Lampshades – The Effects of Alcohol in Real-Life Social Interactions

Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcohol use in social settings can have both desirable and undesirable effects – ranging from better mood and less anxiety to verbal and physical aggression, including violence. These outcomes often reflect the interplay of factors that are both internal and external to an individual. Intra-individual differences in alcohol reactions contribute to the various internal responses to drinking that a person may have; for example, alcohol can induce both positive and negative effects in the same person at different times. However, how that person acts upon impulses that he or she may have can depend on inter-individual differences, such as the individual’s frequency or intensity of drinking in comparison to others. This study examined the influence of inter-individual differences in alcohol use on intra-individual perceptions of drinking during real-world social interactions.

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29-Mar-2018 1:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 691966

Opioid Use Prevalent Among Electronic Dance Music Partygoers

New York University

One in 10 electronic dance music (EDM) party attendees have misused opioids in the past year, exceeding the national average, finds a study by the Center for Drug Use and HIV/HCV Research (CDUHR) at NYU Meyers College of Nursing.

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29-Mar-2018 2:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 691934

Opioids No More? Review Article Evaluates Alternative Treatments for Chronic Pain

American Physiological Society (APS)

An estimated 2 million people in the U.S. are addicted to prescription opioids—powerful doctor-prescribed medications for chronic or severe pain. The drugs are commonly prescribed to treat gastrointestinal pain caused by conditions such as Crohn’s disease and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), raising the risk of addiction among this population. A review published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology explores newer, potentially safer therapies for treating chronic abdominal pain with lower risks of addiction and side effects.

Released:
29-Mar-2018 11:00 AM EDT
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