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Medicine

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Atherosclerosis, Heart Disease, HuR, Hur Proteins, mechanical stress, chemical stress, Inflamatory Response, Inflammation, stress-sensitive gene, Nf Kappa B, Klf2, eNOS, Vcam 1, ICAM-1, Bmp 4, Statin Therapy

Researchers Identify Gene that May Play Role in Atherosclerosis

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A new study suggests that a gene called HuR plays a critical role in inducing and mediating an inflammatory response in cells experiencing mechanical and chemical stresses. The finding may lead to new treatments for diseases associated with inflammation, such as atherosclerosis.

Science

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CORN, Weed Biology, Genetics, Agriculture, Africa, Crop Science, Crop Science Society of America

Developing Weed Resistance in Corn Hybrids

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Scientists in Africa are working to develop maize hybrids that keep their genetic diversity and resistance to parasitic weeds.

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Special Molecules May Have Helped First DNA Form

Scientists at Georgia Tech have discovered that small molecules could have acted as “molecular midwives” in helping the building blocks of life’s genetic material form long chains and may have assisted in selecting the base pairs of the DNA double helix.

Medicine

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Genomics, GWAS, Eosinophilic Esophagitis, Pediatrics, Food Allergy, susceptibility locus, EE

Gene Site Found for a Children's Food Allergy

Pediatrics researchers have identified the first major gene location responsible for a severe, often painful type of food allergy called eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). In this disease, which may cause weight loss, vomiting, heartburn and swallowing difficulties, a patient may be unable to eat a wide variety of foods.

Science

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Yeast Model, eukaryotic biology, Conference, S. cerevisiae

2010 Yeast Genetics and Molecular Biology Meeting

The Genetics Society of America announces the 2010 Yeast Genetics and Molecular Biology Meeting, July 27-August 1, 2010, at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada. This biennial meeting brings together investigators studying various aspects of eukaryotic biology in yeast. Program highlights include presentations by three Nobel Laureates and a Canadian astronaut who is also a Member of Parliament.

Medicine

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Psychiatric Disease, Genetics, Parents And Children, Bipolar Disorder, Schizophernia

Offspring of Parent Couples Who Both Have Psychiatric Illness Have Increased Risk of Developing Mental Disorders

Offspring of two parents with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder appear more likely to develop the same illness or another psychiatric condition than those with only one parent with psychiatric illness, according to a report in the March issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Medicine

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Spinal Muscular Atrophy, SMA, Gene Therapy

Gene Therapy Reverses Effects of Lethal Childhood Muscle Disorder in Mice

Reversing a protein deficiency through gene therapy can correct motor function, restore nerve signals and improve survival in mice that serve as a model for the lethal childhood disorder spinal muscular atrophy, new research shows.

Science

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Journalism Award, Basic Research, Genetics, Model Organisms

Deadline Extended for Excellence in Journalism Award

The Genetics Society of America is extending the deadline for submissions for its Excellence in Research Journalism Award from March 1, 2010 to March 8, 2010. This award is designed to honor those journalists who provide outstanding coverage of basic genetic research studies of model organisms such as fruit flies (Drosophila), roundworms (C. elegans), mice, yeast, fungi or other organisms and which may link to human biology.

Science

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Molecular Biology, Evolution, Gene Analysis, Genetics, Alaska, Oregon, University Of Oregon, Stickleback, fish

Stickleback Genomes Shining Bright Light on Evolution

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Twenty billion pieces of DNA in 100 small fish have opened the eyes of biologists studying evolution. After combining new technologies, researchers now know many of the genomic regions that allowed an ocean-dwelling fish to adapt to fresh water in several independently evolved populations.

Medicine

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Schizophrenia, Disc1, Kal-7, Brain, Psychiatry, Genetics

Why Symptoms of Schizophrenia Emerge in Young Adulthood

In reports of two new studies, researchers led by Johns Hopkins say they have identified the mechanisms rooted in two anatomical brain abnormalities that may explain the onset of schizophrenia and the reason symptoms don’t develop until young adulthood. Both types of anatomical glitches are influenced by a gene known as DISC1, whose mutant form was first identified in a Scottish family with a strong history of schizophrenia and related mental disorders. The findings could lead to new ways to treat, prevent or modify the disorder or its symptoms.







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