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Medicine

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Alzheimer's, Alzheimer's Disease, Trem 2, myeloid cells, Neuroscience, Amyloid Plaques

Alzheimer’s Disease Researchers Solve Mystery of Beguiling Protein

Leading neuroscientists have clarified the role of a controversial immune system protein in Alzheimer’s disease, showing it has opposing effects in early and late stages of the disease. Their discovery unites previous studies that left researchers conflicted and showed the protein both exacerbates and ameliorates disease symptoms. The updated model of disease progression, published in the Journal of Neuroscience, also highlights the need to align certain therapies with disease stages when treating the 1 in 9 Americans over 65 living with Alzheimer’s.

Medicine

Science

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Neurology, Brain Science, Science, Maryland, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Orthopaedics, bone, Muscle, Tendon, Neuroscience, Brain, HIV, artificial organs, Bioengineering, Physical Therapy

Top Scientists Join University of Maryland School Of Medicine

The University of Maryland School of Medicine announced that it has hired several top scientists in a range of fields, including orthopaedics and brain science.

Medicine

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Mental Health Parity, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Health Insurance, health care utilization, Health Care Access

Federal Equity Law Has Increased Use of Services for Autism Without Raising Out-of-Pocket Costs

A federal law aimed at requiring equal insurance benefits for both physical and mental health care has increased the use of services by children with autism spectrum disorder without increasing the out-of-pocket costs to their families, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests.

Medicine

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Magnet, MRI, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Neuroimaging, Alzheimer's Disease, Dementia, Medical Device, Epilepsy, Autism, Construction

Photo Gallery: USC Stevens Hall Installs the First Next-Generation 7T MRI Machine in North America

Photo Gallery: Magnet the Weight of 30 Elephants Lowered Through Roof of USC Stevens Hall for Next-Gen 7T MRI Machine

Medicine

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Neurosurgery, Brain Tumor, Brain Surgery

New Technique Slashes Diagnosis Time During Brain Surgery

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Neurosurgeons want the quickest, most accurate information to help them make decisions during brain tumor surgery. A new technique could help.

Medicine

Science

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Concussion, Driving, Sports Concussion, sports medicince, concussion care

A Concussion May Affect Your Driving Even After Symptoms Disappear, Says Study

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The effects a concussion has on driving a vehicle may continue to linger even after the symptoms disappear, according to a new study by University of Georgia researchers.

Medicine

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Medicine, Medical, Doctor, Physician, AAP, Association of Academic Physiatrists, Physiatrist, Physiatry, Concussion, Health, Healthcare, College, Student, Education

College Students Take Longer to Recover From a Concussion

A new study, presented this week at the Association of Academic Physiatrists Annual Meeting in Sacramento, Calif., shows college students take significantly more time to recover from a concussion than the general national average of seven to 14 days.

Medicine

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Phobia Treatment, Exposure Therapy, Anxiety, fMRI

Less Is More: Exposure to Stimuli for Overcoming Phobia

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A team of investigators, led by Bradley S. Peterson, MD, director of the Institute for the Developing Mind at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, and Paul Siegel, PhD, associate professor of psychology at Purchase College of the State University of New York, have found that exposure to phobic images without conscious awareness is more effective than longer, conscious exposure for reducing fear.

Medicine

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Pituitary Adenoma

Neurosurgeon and Otolaryngologist Team Up to Remove Tumor in Delicate Part of the Brain

After experiencing bad headaches and double vision, Kris Johnson was diagnosed with a pituitary adenoma, a tumor in a very delicate location at the base of the brain. Surgeons removed the tumor through the nostrils, without damaging surrounding tissues or even touching the brain.

Medicine

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Brain Surgery, Brain Cancer, Awake Craniotomy, Yale Cancer Center

Why Doctors May Keep a Patient Awake for Brain Surgery

A rare look at brain surgery with the patient alert and awake at Smilow Cancer Hospital at Yale-New Haven.

Medicine

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Autism, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Autism Spectrum Disorders, Child Health, Pediatrics, Pediatricians, Medical Visits, Children with autism, Autism and families, Autism Care

Clear Communication Can Make Doctor Visits Successful for Children with Autism

Doctor visits can be a challenge for patients with autism, their families and health care providers. Kristin Sohl, associate professor of child health at the University of Missouri, offers several steps providers and families can take to make medical visits more successful. She says that all of them require good communication between the provider and parent before, during and after medical visits.

Medicine

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Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Mount Sinai Health System, Brain Injury, brain injury research, Concussion, traumatic brain injury (TBI), Traumatic Brain Injury

The Brain Injury Research Center at Mount Sinai Appoints New Director

Clinical neuropsychologist Kristen Dams-O’Connor, PhD, has been named Director of The Brain Injury Research Center (BIRC) at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS)

Medicine

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Neurobiology, Dentate Gyrus, entorhinal cortex, Granule Cells, Synapses, Hippocampus, Neurogenesis, Synaptic Pruning, Apopotosis, BAX

Brain Plasticity: How Adult-Born Neurons Get Wired-in

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Does the brain create additional synapses from the cortical neurons to the new granule cells, or do some cortical neurons transfer connections from mature granule cells to the new granule cells? Researchers have found that the connections are transferred, without adding to the number of synapses.

Medicine

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Sleep, Sleep Study, Immune Molecules, Regulator of Sleep, Universal Immune Mechanism, inflammasome NLRP3, inflammasome, Brain Health, Interleukin 1 Beta, NLRP3

Study Points to a Universal Immune Mechanism as a Regulator of Sleep

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Sleep—one of the most basic, yet most mystifying processes of the human body—has confounded physicians, scientists and evolutionary biologists for centuries.

Medicine

Science

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Richard Huganir, Paul Worley, Sleep, mice, Brain Cells, homer1a , Memory, homeostatic scaling

Sleep Deprivation Handicaps the Brain's Ability to Form New Memories, Study in Mice Shows

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Studying mice, scientists at Johns Hopkins have fortified evidence that a key purpose of sleep is to recalibrate the brain cells responsible for learning and memory so the animals can "solidify" lessons learned and use them when they awaken -- in the case of nocturnal mice, the next evening.

Medicine

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UW Sleep Research High-Resolution Images Show How the Brain Resets During Sleep

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Striking electron microscope pictures from inside the brains of mice suggest what happens in our own brain every day: Our synapses – the junctions between nerve cells - grow strong and large during the stimulation of daytime, then shrink by nearly 20 percent while we sleep, creating room for more growth and learning the next day.

Medicine

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Brain Cancer, immunotheraphy, Yale Cancer Center, Translational Medicine, IDH1 gene, IDH2

Yale Scientists Identify Key Defect in Brain Tumor Cells

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In a new study, Yale Cancer Center researchers identified a novel genetic defect that prevents brain tumor cells from repairing damaged DNA.

Medicine

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American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Neurosurgery Research and Education Foundation , Van Wagenen Fellowship

2018 and 2019 Van Wagenen Fellows Announced

Fellowship Awardees Announced for the William P. Van Wagenen Fellowship for the next two years.

Medicine

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NFL, Concussion, Football, football concussions, Football Head Injury, Football Injuries

Who Is Responsible for the Health of NFL Players, Why, and What Can Be Done to Promote Player Health?

A groundbreaking report out of Harvard University explores who is responsible for the health of NFL players, why, and what ca be done to promote player health. The authors of the report are available for interviews.

Medicine

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Depression, Anxiety, Premature Babies, Functional Connectivity, MRI

Early Signs of Anxiety, Depression May Be Evident in Newborns

Early predictors of anxiety and depression may be evident in the brain even at birth, suggests a study at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.







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