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Medicine

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pain, IASP, Opioids, opioid abuse, Psychiatry, Psychiatric Evaluation, Psychoactive Drugs, Medical Insurance, Long Term Pain Medications, Pain Medicine, Substance Abuse, substance abuse disorders

Psychiatric Conditions Linked to Increased Risk of Long-Term Opioid Use

A wide range of pre-existing psychiatric and behavioral conditions and the use of psychoactive drugs could be important risk factors leading to long-term use of opioid pain medications, reports a study in PAIN®, the official publication of the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP). The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Late, Psychology, Time Management, Aging

No Excuses: Real Reason You’re Late May Vary with Age

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A song is just a song, but as time goes by, something as random as a song’s length could be the difference in whether you miss an important deadline or arrive late for an appointment, suggests time-management research from Washington University in St. Louis.

Medicine

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Neurology, Parkinson Disease

For Welders, Parkinson-Like Symptoms Get Worse with Exposure

Welders can develop Parkinson’s disease-like symptoms that may get worse the longer and more they are exposed to the chemical element manganese from welding fumes, according to a study published in the December 28, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Medicine

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Parkinsonism, Welding, welders, Manganese

Low Levels of Manganese in Welding Fumes Linked to Neurological Problems

Welders exposed to airborne manganese at estimated levels well under federal safety standards develop neurological problems, according to a study at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Current safety standards may not adequately protect welders from the dangers of the job.

Science

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Neural Circuits, Neuron, Biology, Nervous System, Roundworm, C Elegans, transgenic actuators, gene expression

Biology’s “Breadboard”

Understanding how the nervous system of the roundworm C elegans works will give insights into how our vastly more complex brains function and is the subject of a paper in Nature Methods.

Medicine

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Neurology

2017 Neuro Film Festival Introduces New Categories, Expanded Mission

The 2017 Neuro Film Festival, presented by the American Academy of Neurology, is now accepting video submissions. The Neuro Film Festival, now in its eighth year, is an online video contest that encourages people to share their story about how brain disease has impacted their life or that of a loved one, how their advocacy efforts have influenced change or simply why they are fascinated by the wonders of the brain.

Medicine

Science

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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, Apnea, Sleep, Respiration, Breathing, Neuroscience, Nervous System

TSRI Study: Protein Monitors Lung Volume and Regulates Breathing

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The researchers said this study might help shed light on sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in human babies, which is thought to be associated with dysfunctional airway sensory neurons.

Science

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UT Southwestern Researchers Identify Process Cells Use to Destroy Damaged Organelles with Links to Cancer, Neurodegenerative Diseases, and Aging

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Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have uncovered the mechanism that cells use to find and destroy an organelle called mitochondria that, when damaged, may lead to genetic problems, cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, inflammatory disease, and aging.

Medicine

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Northwestern University, Sport, Medicine, Sports Medicine, Concussion, Brain

Scientists Discover Concussion Biomarker

The secret to reliably diagnosing concussions lies in the brain’s ability to process sound, according to a new study by researchers from Northwestern University’s Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory. Widely considered a crisis in professional sports and youth athletic programs, sports-related concussions have had devastating neurological, physical, social and emotional consequences for millions of athletes.

Medicine

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Stroke, Holiday, Holiday Advice, Patrick Lyden

Cedars-Sinai Neurologist Warns of Increased Risk of Strokes During the Holidays

Along with increased cheer and festivities during the holidays comes an increased risk of stroke, one of the leading causes of death and disability in the U.S. Patrick D. Lyden, MD, chair of the Cedars-Sinai Department of Neurology, said he sees a significant increase in stroke incidents during December and January, particularly on Christmas Day and New Year’s Day.

Medicine

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Johns Hopkins, Bloomberg, Kimmel, Michael Lim, Drew Pardoll, Chemotherapy, Immunotherapy, Cancer, Brain, Glioblastoma

Direct-To-Brain Chemo Better than Systemic Drugs When Immunotherapy Is to Follow

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In experiments on mice with a form of aggressive brain cancer, Johns Hopkins researchers have shown that localized chemotherapy delivered directly to the brain rather than given systemically may be the best way to keep the immune system intact and strong when immunotherapy is also part of the treatment.

Medicine

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McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), Jerry Wolinsky, multiple sclerosis, primary progressive multiple sclerosis , MS, PPMS, OCREVUS, Ocrelizumab, Oratorio, New England Journal Of Medicine, Axion, CD20-positive B cells

UTHealth’s Wolinsky Is Senior Author of Paper on New Therapy for Primary Progressive MS

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Positive results of an investigational medication study for primary progressive multiple sclerosis were published online in today’s New England Journal of Medicine in a paper led by senior author Jerry Wolinsky, M.D., of McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).

Medicine

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Brain Injury, better sleep

Recovery From Brain Injury and Better Sleep Go Hand in Hand

After a traumatic brain injury (TBI), people also experience major sleep problems, including changes in their sleep-wake cycle. A new study shows that recovering from these two conditions occurs in parallel. The study is published in the December 21, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Science

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Brain Size, evolution of the brain, Mormyrids

Why Big Brains Are Rare

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Do big-brained creatures steal energy for them from other organs or eat more to supply this expensive tissue? New work in large-brained fish suggests skimping elsewhere is not enough to meet the energy demands of an extreme brain.

Medicine

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Neurogastronomy, Synesthesia, Cancer, Obesity

What Does the 1812 Overture TASTE Like?

More than 250 people attended the International Society of Neurogastronomy symposium earlier this month, where internationally-renowned pastry chef Taria Camerino was a featured speaker. Camerino is a gastoral synesthete, which means she experiences all five senses as taste.

Medicine

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Geriatric, falls in older adults , physical medicine and rehabilitation, Bones And Muscles, Joints, Neurology, Reaction times

For Geriatric Falls, ‘Brain Speed’ May Matter More Than Lower Limb Strength

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University of Michigan researchers find it’s not only risk factors like lower limb strength and precise perception of the limb’s position that determine if a geriatric patient will recover from a perturbation, but also complex and simple reaction times.

Medicine

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Alzheimer's Disease, Neurodegenative Disease, Trem 2

Study Details Molecular Roots of Alzheimer’s

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Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have detailed the structure of a molecule that has been implicated in Alzheimer’s disease. Knowing the shape of the molecule — and how that shape may be disrupted by certain genetic mutations — can help in understanding how Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases develop and how to prevent and treat them.

Medicine

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Stroke, White Matter

Brain Generates Replacement Cells After Stroke

UCLA researchers initiate brain repair following white matter stroke in animals, identifying a possible therapeutic target to combat this common cause of dementia

Medicine

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Alzheimer's Disease, sn, Journal Of Alzheimer's Disease

Penn Study Confirms That “Sniff Test” May Be Useful in Diagnosing Early Alzheimer’s Disease

Tests that measure the sense of smell may soon become common in neurologists’ offices. Scientists have been finding increasing evidence that the sense of smell declines sharply in the early stages of Alzheimer’s, and now a new study from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania published today in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease confirms that administering a simple “sniff test” can enhance the accuracy of diagnosing this dreaded disease

Medicine

Science

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Drosophila, Neurosceince, Brain, NIH, Alzheimer's

Scripps Florida Scientist Awarded $5 Million Outstanding Investigator Grant

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Ron Davis, chair of the Department of Neuroscience on the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) has been awarded a $5 million Outstanding Investigator Grant, one of the first of its kind, by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).







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