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  • Embargo expired:
    18-Apr-2018 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 692850

Early First Deployment, or Short Time Between Deployments, Increases Risk for Attempting Suicide in Soldiers

Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

Soldiers who deploy twice in one year, with six months or less between each deployment, could be at an increased risk for attempted suicide during or after their second deployment, according to a study published April 18.

Released:
16-Apr-2018 12:15 PM EDT
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

  • Embargo expired:
    18-Apr-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 692820

Chemical Targeting of a Specific Brain Area Can Reduce Binge Drinking

Research Society on Alcoholism

Decades of clinical and pre-clinical studies have demonstrated that chronic drinking leads to long-lasting changes in reward- and stress-related neuronal circuitry. The nucleus accumbens (NAc) is an important part of this circuitry. Designer Receptors Exclusively Activated by Designer Drugs (DREADDs) are commonly used by neuroscientists to identify signals in nerve circuits that specify certain behaviors, perceptions, emotions, innate drives, or motor functions. This rodent study investigated the effects of DREADDs on nerve cell activity in the NAc (comprised of a core and a shell) in relation to binge-like drinking.

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13-Apr-2018 3:40 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    18-Apr-2018 12:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 692910

Mayo Clinic Study Finds No Evidence That Anesthesia in Young Children Lowers Intelligence

Mayo Clinic

ROCHESTER, Minn. – A Mayo Clinic study finds no evidence that children given anesthesia before their third birthdays have lower IQs than those who did not have it. A more complex picture emerges among people who had anesthesia several times as small children: Although their intelligence is comparable, they score modestly lower on tests measuring fine motor skills, and their parents are more likely to report behavioral and learning problems. The findings are published in Anesthesiology

Released:
16-Apr-2018 2:00 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    17-Apr-2018 4:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 692847

When Others Fail, New Migraine Treatment May Work

American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who have tried unsuccessfully to prevent migraine with other treatments may find relief with a drug called erenumab, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology’s 70th Annual Meeting in Los Angeles, April 21 to 27, 2018.

Released:
15-Apr-2018 11:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 692992

Deep Brain Stimulation to Treat Depression Brings Relief to UTHealth Patient

University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Much to her relief, a patient at UTHealth in Houston was one of the first people in North America to undergo an experimental treatment option for people struggling with treatment-resistant depression (TRD).

Released:
17-Apr-2018 3:00 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    17-Apr-2018 1:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 692759

Researchers Find Resilience Counteracts Effects of Childhood Abuse and Neglect on Health

University of California San Diego Health

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have determined that psychological resilience has a positive effect on health outcomes for people living with schizophrenia. This is the first study to quantitatively assess the effects of both childhood trauma and psychological resilience on health and metabolic function in people living with schizophrenia. The findings are published in the April 17 online issue of the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Released:
13-Apr-2018 9:00 AM EDT
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Article ID: 692955

Simple One-Page Tool Improves Patient Satisfaction with Doctor Visit

Duke Health

A simple, one-page form given to patients ahead of their doctor visit can significantly improve satisfaction with the care they receive, according to a study by Duke Health researchers.

Released:
17-Apr-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 692941

Study Reports Possible Novel Method for Stopping Untreatable Pediatric Brain Cancer

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Researchers used an experimental molecular therapy in preclinical laboratory tests to effectively treat several types of deadly pediatric brain cancer and now propose advancing the treatment to clinical testing in children. Scientists report in the journal Molecular Cancer Therapeutics testing the small molecule 6-thio-2’deoxyguanosine (6-thio-dG) in brain cancer stem cells derived from tumor cells donated by patients. Researchers also tested the treatment in humanized mouse models of pediatric brain cancer.

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17-Apr-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 692938

Sweat So You Don’t Forget: New Research Suggests Exercise Breaks Improve Learning, Attention in University Students

McMaster University

New research from a team of scientists at McMaster University suggests that brief exercise breaks during lectures can help university students focus their attention, retain information and improve overall learning.

Released:
17-Apr-2018 8:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    17-Apr-2018 8:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 692864

Combination Therapy Strengthens T Cells in Melanoma Pre-Clinical Study

University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

A pre-clinical study of two drugs designed to boost T cell performance, has revealed the agents, when give in combination, may enhance the immune system’s ability to kill melanoma tumors deficient in the tumor suppressor gene PTEN. The study was led by investigators at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Released:
16-Apr-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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