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Life

Law and Public Policy

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e-cigs , e-cigarettes, FDA, deeming rule

FDA Decision On E-Cigs is “Seriously Troubling,” Says Former Tobacco Policy Official

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Medicine

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Smoking Cessation, Smoking, Tobacco, tobacco addiction, Health & Medicine, Addiction, Public Health, e-cigarette, e-cigarettes, Cessation

Americans are Quitting Smoking in Higher Numbers; Study Suggests E-cigarettes Help

University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center researchers performed a population-level analysis of national surveys conducted from 2001 to 2015 and found that in the United States the smoking cessation rate increased for the first time in 15 years. The study suggests e-cigarettes helped users of the electronic devices to quit smoking traditional cigarettes

Medicine

Science

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Decision Making, alcohol use disorders, Antisocial Behaviors, Incentives, Disincentives, Responsibilities, Party fun

How Do People Decide: Should I Go, Stay, Drink?

Many studies of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) use tasks that involve monetary rewards or losses to examine individual decision-making vis-à-vis alcohol and other substance use. Yet drinking typically occurs in specific social and incentive contexts that do not involve economic decision-making. This study examined decisions about attending, and drinking in, hypothetical drinking/social contexts wherein several different incentive and disincentive options were provided to the individual.

Medicine

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Cancer, Smoking and cancer

Scientists Identify Gene Mutations in Smoking-Related Cancers

African-Americans typically have worse outcomes from smoking-related cancers than Caucasians, but the reasons for this remain elusive. However, scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have taken a big step toward solving this puzzle.

Medicine

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Hepatology, Hepatitis C, Opioid, opioid abuse, Opioid Epidemic, Pediatric, Drug Addiction, HCV, neonatal abstinence syndrome, Drug Trial, Opioid Addiction

Born Into Drug Addiction, Boy Overcomes Hepatitis C and Finds a Forever Home

Talon, 11, contracted hepatitis C from his birth mother's opioid addiction. After enrolling into a clinical drug trial offered at Seattle Children's, Talon is now free of both the virus and social stigma.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Addication, Neurobiolgy, Behaivor

Pattern of Marijuana Use During Adolescence May Impact Psychosocial Outcomes in Adulthood

A pattern of escalating marijuana use in adolescents is linked to higher rates of depression and lower educational accomplishments in adulthood.

Medicine

Science

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secondhand harm, Alcohol Use, Accidents, Violence, interrupted sleep, relationship problems, financial problems, personality risks, Impulsivity, sensation seeking, Hopelessness, Anxiety, Strains, Threats

First Secondhand Smoke, Now Secondhand Harm From Drinking

It’s no secret that university life often includes alcohol use, which can sometimes cause harm. Yet harm can also extend beyond the drinker, such as “secondhand harm” that is caused by intoxicated people: accidents or domestic, physical, or sexual violence; interrupted sleep or property destruction; and arguments, problems with relationships, or financial problems. Prior research suggests that more than 70 percent of college undergraduates have experienced harm from other students’ drinking. This study examined the prevalence and types of secondhand harm among Canadian undergraduates, and whether certain personality risks for alcohol use disorder – impulsivity, sensation seeking, hopelessness, anxiety sensitivity – can predict secondhand-harm exposure.

Medicine

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American College Of Surgeons, Surgery, Smoking, surgical quality

"Strong for Surgery" Shows Promise in Reducing Smoking Rates for Patients Facing Surgery

New ACS quality improvement program is linked to a two-thirds decrease in the rate of smoking in patients undergoing cervical and lumbar spine procedures.

Medicine

Science

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Ancient Grains, Sensitive Teeth, Watermelon Love, and More in the Food Science News Source

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Medicine

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Opioids, Acl Injuries, Opioid Addiction, American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine

Patients Taking Opioids Prior to ACL Surgery More Likely to Be on Pain Medications Longer

More than 130,000 Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) surgeries take place each year with the majority of patients not requiring pain medication after three months post-operatively. However, researchers presenting their work at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine’s Annual Meeting today in Toronto, Ontario, Canada found that those patients who were filling opioid prescriptions prior to surgery were 10 times more likely to be filling prescriptions five months after surgery.







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