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Infectious Diseases

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Medicine

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zika, Virus, Cancer, Brain Cancer, Glioblastoma

Zika Virus Could Be Used to Treat Brain Cancer Patients, Study Suggests

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Recent outbreaks of Zika virus have revealed that the virus causes brain defects in unborn children. But in a study to be published September 5 in The Journal of Experimental Medicine, researchers from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the University of California, San Diego report that the virus could eventually be used to target and kill cancer cells in the brain.

Medicine

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zika, Glioblastoma, cancer stem cell

Zika Virus Kills Brain Cancer Stem Cells

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While Zika virus causes devastating damage to the brains of developing fetuses, it one day may be an effective treatment for glioblastoma, a deadly form of brain cancer. New research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the University of California San Diego School of Medicine shows that the virus kills brain cancer stem cells, the kind of cells most resistant to standard treatments.

Medicine

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Children, Antibiotics, Emergency Department (ED), Racial and Ethnic Differences

White Children More Likely to Get Unnecessary Antibiotics in Pediatric Emergency Departments

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White children with viral diagnoses treated in pediatric emergency departments were up to twice as likely to receive antibiotics compared to minority children, according to a study published in Pediatrics. Although viral respiratory tract infections do not warrant antibiotic treatment, antibiotics were prescribed for these illnesses to 4.3 percent of white, 1.9 percent of black and 2.6 percent of Hispanic children.

Medicine

Science

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Air Travel, Infection, Computer Science

New Boarding Procedures, Smaller Cabin Size May Limit Infection on Planes

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During major epidemics, cramped airplane cabins are fertile ground for the spread of infection, but new research suggests changing routine boarding protocols could be a key to reducing rampant transmission of disease.

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Study Shows Fungal Infections Reduce Frogs’ Tolerance of Heat

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Fungal diseases are increasing in animals, which might have serious consequences for wildlife living in a hotter world, said a University of Florida scientist. A new study published in the international journal Scientific Reports shows that fungal infections reduced the heat tolerance of frogs by up to 4 degrees Celsius.

Medicine

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Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Virus That Causes Mono May Increase Risk of MS for Multiple Races

Like whites, Hispanic and black people who have had mononucleosis, commonly known as mono, which is caused by Epstein-Barr virus, may have an increased risk of multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a new study published in the August 30, 2017, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Medicine

Science

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Health, Cardiology, General, Hospital, Infectious Disease, medical products, Research, Healthcare, Biology

Tick Saliva May Hold Potential Treatment for Reducing HIV-linked Heart Disease Risk

Scientists may have found a clue to why people living with HIV have double the likelihood of developing heart disease. The findings, made by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Center for Vaccine Research and National Institutes of Health, also show that an experimental drug may hold promise as a potential treatment.

Medicine

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Meningococcal bacteria

Researchers at Queen’s University and The Belfast Trust Tackle Meningitis

Meningitis and Meningococcal septicaemia (Meningococcal Disease) is caused by a deadly bacteria that can kill in hours. Meningococcal disease is notoriously difficult to diagnose as initial symptoms mimic those of common colds. Researchers at Queen’s University and The Belfast Trust are working to improve testing to prevent unnecessary deaths while at the same time reducing the number of children treated unnecessarily ‘just in case.’

Science

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Hurricane Harvey, Floodwater, Flood, Microbiology, Viruses, Fungi, mold

What Lives in Floodwater? Environmental Microbiologist Available for Interviews.

Medicine

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Infectious Disease

First Atlas of B-cell Clones in Human Body Forms New Foundation for Infectious Disease Research

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A new “anatomic atlas” of how B cells – the immune system’s producer of antibodies – link up to form networks has been charted by researchers. This map will be an important resource for researchers and clinicians studying infectious diseases, the microbiome, vaccine responses, and tissue-specific immunity.







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