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Science

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Genomics, Energy, Environment, Fungi, Plants, Microbes, Microbiology, Metagenomics, omics, Biology, Bioenergy, Carbon Cycle, Biogeochemistry

2018 DOE JGI Community Science Program Allocations Announced

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Many of the DOE Joint Genome Institute’s selected 2018 Community Science Program proposals aim to utilize multiple genomic and analytical capabilities, along with scientific expertise, to users focused on the underlying mechanisms involved in bioenergy generation and biogeochemical processes.

Medicine

Science

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Organs-on-a-chip, Microfluidics, Cardiomyocytes, Cardiac Cells, perfusion to heart , perfusion culture, static culture, Microtechnology, Nanotechnology, biomedical nanotechnology

Heart-on-a-Chip: Influence of Static and Perfusion on Cardiac Cells

A new report shows how microsystems can be used to understand processes in heart tissue in detail and to test newly developed compounds applied in the treatment of cardiac diseases.

Science

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Stochastic, stochastic resonance, bio-inspired , Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes, SWNT, self-noise, signal detection, Hayato Fujii, Agung Setiadi, Yuji Kuwahara, Megumi Akai-Kasaya, Osaka University, Applied Physics Letters

Creative Use of Noise Brings Bio-Inspired Electronic Improvement

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Researchers at Osaka University in Japan are working to exploit stochastic resonance to enhance signal transmission for a new generation of devices, using single-walled carbon nanotubes. They created a summing network SR device that detects subthreshold signals, fabricated to include a self-noise component. The researchers report their findings this week in the journal Applied Physics Letters.

Science

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National Institiutes Of Health, Center of Biomedical Research Excellence, Cobre, Biomedical, Bioengineering

UNH Receives NIH Grant to Advance Its Biomedical Research to the Bedside

The University of New Hampshire has been awarded a five-year, $10 million National Institutes of Health (NIH) Center of Biomedical Research Excellence (COBRE) grant to accelerate the translation of its basic biomedical and bioengineering research into clinical and commercialization opportunities leading to improved diagnosis and treatment of diseases.

Science

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Plant Biology, Biochemistry, Biofuels, biochemical genetics

With Extra Sugar, Leaves Get Fat Too

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Eat too much without exercising and you'll probably put on a few pounds. As it turns out, plant leaves do something similar. In a new study at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, scientists show that retaining sugars in plant leaves can make them get fat too. In plants, this extra fat accumulation could be a good thing.

Science

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Bio Fuels, wood pellet, Energy, Biomass fuels, coal

Biomass-Produced Electricity in the US Possible, but It’ll Cost

If the U.S. wants to start using wood pellets to produce energy, either the government or power customers will have to pay an extra cost, a new University of Georgia study has found.

Science

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Biofuel, Biomass, Energy, Seaweed, macroalgae, kelp

Seaweed-Fueled Cars? Maybe One Day, with Help of New Tech

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New technologies are being developed to grow seaweed in the open ocean so it can be converted into biofuel with support from the Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency–Energy, also known as ARPA-E.

Medicine

Science

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Hypoglycemia, Diabetes, Diabetics, Sensor, Exercise, Fitness, Glucose, Blood Glucose, Glucose Levels, blood glucose testing, Wearable, Patch, self-powered electronics, Electronics, Health Monitoring, Biosensor, human sweat, Sweat, paper-based, skin, Energy, glucose sensing, exercise-induced hypoglycemia, Diabetes Management, Binghamton, Binghamton University, SUNY

New Self-Powered Paper Patch Could Help Diabetics Measure Glucose During Exercise

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A new paper-based sensor patch developed by researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York could allow diabetics to effectively measure glucose levels during exercise.

Science

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University of Vienna, Nature Biotechnology, Cereal, heat and drought, Pearl millet, Genome Sequence, extreme environments, Wolfram Weckwerth, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), C4 plant, Africa, Asia, Harvest

A Cereal Survives Heat and Drought

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An international consortium under the lead of the non-profit organization "International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics" (ICRISAT) and participation of a research team around the system biologist Wolfram Weckwerth has published the genome sequence of Pearl millet, a drought resistant crop plant most important in aride regions in Africa and Asia. This so-called C4 plant is especially important to small and medium farmers who grow the plant without larger irrigation. Pearl millet delivers a good harvest index under drought and heat conditions when rice, maize or wheat already have no grains anymore.

Medicine

Science

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Skin Patch Dissolves “Love Handles” in Mice

Researchers have developed a medicated skin patch that can turn energy-storing white fat into energy-burning brown fat locally while raising the body’s metabolism. The patch could be used to burn off pockets of unwanted fat and treat metabolic disorders like obesity and diabetes.







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