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Medicine

Science

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National Institute Of Environmental Health Sciences, Niehs, Antidepressant, Amitriptyline, blood-brain barrier, central nervous system, P-glycoprotein, Rat study

Antidepressant May Enhance Drug Delivery to the Brain

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New research from the National Institutes of Health found that pairing the antidepressant amitriptyline with drugs designed to treat central nervous system diseases, enhances drug delivery to the brain by inhibiting the blood-brain barrier in rats. The blood-brain barrier serves as a natural, protective boundary, preventing most drugs from entering the brain. The research, performed in rats, appeared online April 27 in the Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism.

Medicine

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Cardiology, Cardiology and Heart Surgery, Mitral Valve, Mitral Valve Disease

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 2-May-2017 11:00 AM EDT

Medicine

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Patient Portals Can Help Patients with Self-Management, but Must Be Easy to Use and Access

Columbia University School of Nursing researchers found that utilizing patient electronic health records (EHR) to determine how far along a woman is in her pregnancy can support the automated delivery of content specifically targeted to their gestational age. The study found that Medicaid patients at the greatest risk of health disparities were able to get the information they needed to engage in better self-management during pregnancy.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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desire for self-control, Self-Control, Self-regulation, Self-efficacy, Motivation, Performance

Wanting More Self-Control Could Hinder Our Efforts to Exert Self-Control, Study Finds

A new study shows, ironically, that wanting to have more self-control could actually be an obstacle to achieving it. It appears that the mere existence of a desire for self-control undermines one's confidence and brings one to disengage from self-control challenges (regardless of one’s actual level of self-control).

Science

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Climate Change, ocean acidifcation, Global Warming, increased co2, Marine Biology, Food Webs

Ocean Warming to Cancel Increased CO2-Driven Productivity

University of Adelaide researchers have constructed a marine food web to show how climate change could affect our future fish supplies and marine biodiversity.

Science

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Biotechnology, Neurobiology

UF Receives Up to $8.4 Million From DoD to Study Brain Training Using Electric Stimulation

The U.S. Defense Department is looking for ways to speed up cognitive skills training — the types of skills useful for specialists such as linguists, intelligence analysts and cryptographers — and is awarding University of Florida engineers and neuroscientists up to $8.4 million over the next four years to investigate how to do that by applying electrical stimulation to peripheral nerves as a means of strengthening neuronal connections in the brain.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Democracy, Politics, Online News, customizability, Facebook, Google News, Twitter, political beliefs, information diet, political selective exposure, politics and technology, Internet, customized technology

Researcher Says Customized Content on Political Websites Hurts Democracy

Having it your way on political websites and seeing only the content that aligns with your beliefs is not good for democracy, according to Ivan Dylko, an assistant professor in the University at Buffalo’s Department of Communication and an expert in the political effects of communication technology.

Medicine

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Resarch, Health System, Heart Health, Heart Attack, Heart Failure, Ut Southwestern

Readmission Penalties Don’t Correlate to Heart Attack Outcomes

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A program that penalizes hospitals for high early readmission rates of heart attack patients may be unfairly penalizing hospitals that serve a large proportion of African-Americans and those with more severe illness, a study by UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers suggests.

Science

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2-D materials, Quantum Computers, Jing Xia

UCI’s New 2-D Materials Conduct Electricity Near the Speed of Light

Physicists at the University of California, Irvine and elsewhere have fabricated new two-dimensional materials with breakthrough electrical and magnetic attributes that could make them building blocks of future quantum computers and other advanced electronics.

Science

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Materials Science, materials simulation & theory

Study Offers New Theoretical Approach to Describing Non-Equilibrium Phase Transitions

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Two physicists at Argonne offered a way to mathematically describe a particular physics phenomenon called a phase transition in a system out of equilibrium. Such phenomena are central in physics, and understanding how they occur has been a long-held and vexing goal; their behavior and related effects are key to unlocking possibilities for new electronics and other next-generation technologies.







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