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Science

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collective computation, Animal Behavior, Complexity

How Living Systems Compute Solutions to Problems

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No individual fish or bee or neuron has enough information by itself to solve a complex problem, but together they can accomplish amazing things. In research recently published in Science Advances, Eleanor Brush (University of Maryland), David Krakauer, and Jessica Flack address how this is possible through a study of the emergence of social structure in primate social groups.

Science

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Concrete, Fungi, Fungus, Infrastructure, Construction, Building, Building Materials, Mechanical Engineering, Engineering, Cracks, Sustainability, self-healing materials, Self-Healing , Human Body, Trichoderma reesei, Binghamton, SUNY Binghamton, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton University

Self-Healing Fungi Concrete Could Provide Sustainable Solution to America’s Crumbling Infrastructure

A new self-healing fungi concrete, co-developed by researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York, could help repair cracks in aging concrete permanently, and help save America’s crumbling infrastructure.

Science

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Saturn, Titan, Astronomy, MAP, Topography, Space, Cornell University, NASA

Titan Topographic Map Unearths Cookie-Cutter Holes in Moon’s Surface

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Using the now-complete Cassini data set, Cornell University astronomers have created a new global topographic map of Saturn’s moon Titan that has opened new windows into understanding its liquid flows and terrain. Two papers, recently published in Geophysical Review Letters, describe the map and discoveries arising from it.

Science

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Scale-Eating Fish Adopt Clever Parasitic Methods to Survive

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A small group of fishes — possibly the world’s cleverest carnivorous grazers — feeds on the scales of other fish in the tropics. A team led by biologists at the University of Washington’s Friday Harbor Laboratories is trying to understand these scale-feeding fish and how this odd diet influences their body evolution and behavior.

Medicine

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Joint Replacement, Physical Therapy, Knee Replacement, Hip Replacement, Hospital For Special Surgery

Study: Patients Benefit From One-on-One Education and Custom Microsite Before Joint Replacement

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A Hospital for Special Surgery study finds that patients who had an education session with a physical therapist and access to a web-based microsite prior to joint replacement achieved physical therapy goals more quickly compared to patients who did not have the session or access to the site.

Medicine

Science

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Genetics, Diagnostics, Cancer, Obstetrics, Neurosciences

A Centuries-Old Math Equation Used to Solve a Modern-Day Genetics Challenge

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Researchers developed a new mathematical tool to validate and improve methods used by medical professionals to interpret results from clinical genetic tests. The work was published this month in Genetics in Medicine.

Medicine

Science

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sickle cell disease organ failure, Sickle Cell Anemia Research, Supercomputing, Modeling & Simulation, High Performace Computing, Medical Research

A Shortcut to Modeling Sickle Cell Disease

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Using Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Titan supercomputer, a team led by Brown University’s George Karniadakis devised a multiscale model of sickle cell disease that captures what happens inside a red blood cell affected by the disease.

Life

Education

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developmental education, Latino Students

Changes Needed to Help Latina/o Students Succeed in Developmental Education Courses

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A disproportionate number of Latina/o students who take developmental education classes never advance to college-level courses. That's why an Iowa State researcher has developed a framework to better serve Latina/o students needing extra preparation.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Johns Hopkins Carey Business School, Life Science Professionals, Life Science, Pharamcuetical Science, Pharmaceucticals, business accelerator

Reluctance to Share Innovations with Peer Firms Means Lost Opportunities for Life Sciences Companies

Professor Phillip Phan of the Johns Hopkins Carey Business School says the reluctance by life sciences companies to share information with sector peers reduces potential innovations and benefits.

Medicine

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Drug Discovery, Big Data, Protein, Computational Biology, Pharmacuetical, Pharmacy, Enzyme

New Research Could Significantly Accelerate Drug Discovery

Many drugs work by inhibiting protein enzymes associated with a particular disease. Unfortunately, the same drugs can inhibit protein enzymes unrelated to the disease, resulting in harmful side effects. A team of computational biologist has developed a way to identify the features that distinguish one enzyme from similar enzymes. This research has the potential to significantly accelerate drug discovery, allowing scientists to develop more effective drugs, more quickly.







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