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Medicine

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Jonathan Kipnis, Kipnis, University Of Virginia, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Brain, Neuroimmunology, Immunology, multiple sclerosis, Meningitis, Traumatic Brain Injury, TBI, Migraines, Disease, Neurological Diseases, Spinal Cord Injury, Microbiota, GUT, Microbiome, Missing Link, type 2 innate lymphocytes, Immune System, brain immune system, brain

UVA Discovers Powerful Defenders of the Brain -- with Big Implications for Disease and Injury

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A rare and potent type of immune cell has been discovered around the brain, suggesting the cells may play a critical role in battling Alzheimer's, multiple sclerosis and other diseases. By harnessing the cells' power, doctors may be able to develop new treatments for disease, traumatic brain injury and spinal cord injuries – even migraines.

Science

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Stress and Anxiety, Stress And Depression, Neural Activity, Social Stress, early life stress, Brain Connectivity, Social Behavior, Biomedical And Health Research, Veterinary and biomedical sciences, Biomedical Science and Translational Medicine, Biomedical Science, Biomedical Sciences

Early Life Social Stress Has Long-Term Impact on Brain Networks in Rats

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Investigators in veterinary and human medicine have uncovered long-term changes in the brains of adult female rats exposed to social stresses early in life, with the biggest impact on regions of the brain linked to social behavior, stress, emotion and depression. The findings will enable researchers to begin testing preventative measures and treatments for depression and anxiety.

Medicine

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mitochondria fuels tumor progression, Cancers, Wistar Institute

Newly Identified Pathway in Mitochondria Fuels Tumor Progression Across Cancer Types

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Wistar Scientists identified a novel protein pathway across several types of cancer that controls how tumor cells acquire the energy necessary for movement, invasion and metastasis.

Medicine

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Mental Health a La Mode: Student Podcast Emphasizes Emotional Well Being

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Mental health awareness and French vanilla ice cream are two passions of senior television-radio major Michayla Savitt, creator and host of “The Scoop on Mental Health,” a podcast where Savitt and guests discuss mental health issues over ice cream.

Science

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Heart, Brain, Nerve, Brain Waves, Neuroscience, Materials Science, Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley Lab, UC Berkeley, University of California, Berkeley, Stanford University, Medical, Biological, Chemical, Chemistry, Graphene

New Graphene-Based System Could Help Us 'See' Electrical Signaling in Heart and Nerve Cells

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Scientists have enlisted the exotic properties of graphene to function like the film of an incredibly sensitive camera system in visually mapping tiny electric fields. They hope to enlist the new method to image electrical signaling networks in our hearts and brains.

Medicine

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zika, Birth Defects, microcephaly , Miscarriages, Stillbirths, Brain Lesions, brain calcifications, Blindness, Deafness, retinal lesions

Zika-Linked Birth Defects More Extensive Than Previously Thought, UCLS-Led Research Finds

Research finds that Zika-linked abnormalities that occur in human fetuses are more extensive and severe than previously thought, with 46 percent of 125 pregnancies among Zika-infected women resulting in birth defects in newborns or ending in fetal death.

Medicine

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Dementia and the Holidays, Dementia, Alzheimer's, alzheimer disease, Caregiver Coping, Caregiver Burden, Caregiver

Alzheimer’s and Dementia Caregiving Tips for the Holidays

An expert at Rutgers University’s Care2Caregivers helpline shares tips on how families can celebrate the holidays with loved ones suffering from an illness that affects memory

Medicine

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Dementia, Alzheimer's

Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease Are Serious Health Concerns for Older Kidney Transplant Recipients

• Risks of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease are higher in older kidney transplant recipients than in older adults in the general population. • Among kidney transplant recipients, those who developed dementia or Alzheimer’s disease had higher rates of organ loss and patient death than those who did not develop these conditions.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Vision Restoration, Brain Plasticity, Partial Blindness, low vision rehabilitation , Patient Education

New Book Offers Help and Hope for People Suffering from Low Vision

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A new book by the world’s leading expert on vision restoration, Professor Bernhard A. Sabel, PhD, delivers information about how to better understand the impact of vision loss and new treatment options that could potentially help the more than 150 million people worldwide who suffer from partial blindness.

Medicine

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Glioma, glioblastoma multiforme (GBM, Neuroscience, Neurosurgery, FOXD1, ALDH1A3, Glioma stem cells

Attractive Drug Candidate Identified to Target Glioma Brain Tumors

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In a Cancer Research paper, researchers: 1) identify a biomarker enzyme associated with aggressive glioma brain tumors, 2) reveal the regulatory mechanism for that enzyme, and 3) demonstrate potent efficacy, using a mouse model of glioma, for a small molecule inhibitor they have developed.

Medicine

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Bidmc, Beth Israel Deac, Endocrinology, Neurons

Neurons Anticipate Body’s Response to Food and Water

• Discovery offers new insight into regulation of water and food intake. • Neuroscientists recorded neuronal activity in real-time in awake mice when presented with food or water. • Researchers identified anticipatory changes in neuronal activity in the seconds prior to drinking.

Medicine

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Protein in Urine Linked to Increased Risk of Memory Problems, Dementia

People who have protein in their urine, which is a sign of kidney problems, may also be more likely to later develop problems with thinking and memory skills or even dementia, according to a meta-analysis published in the December 14, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Infants Show Apparent Awareness of Ethnic Differences

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Findings help advance understanding of social cognition and social development

Medicine

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Biology, DNA, genes, Neuromuscular, neurodegernative, Huntington's Disease, Genetics

Runaway DNA Repair Process May Cause Dozen Debilitating Diseases

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Researchers have discovered a possible explanation for a genetic error that causes over a dozen neuromuscular and neurodegenerative disorders.

Medicine

Science

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Toxicology, Awards, Awards and Honors, Neurodegenerative Disease, Pesticides, Allergen, Risk Assessment, alternatives to animal testing

Researchers Studying Neurodegenerative Diseases, Painkillers, Animal Testing Alternatives, and More Recognized with 2017 SOT Awards

The 2017 SOT Awards recipients have studied the role of pesticide exposure on neurodegenerative diseases, connections between chemicals and the susceptibility to allergies and asthma, risk assessment, alternative test methods and strategies, and more, in their efforts to improve public, animal and environmental health.

Medicine

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Mental Health, Counseling

Virginia Tech Expert: 21st Century Cures Act Puts Mental Health Treatment Shortcomings in the Spotlight

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Science

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Brain, brain-computer interface

University of Minnesota Research Shows That People Can Control a Robotic Arm with Only Their Minds

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Researchers at the University of Minnesota have made a major breakthrough that allows people to control a robotic arm using only their minds. The research has the potential to help millions of people who are paralyzed or have neurodegenerative diseases.

Medicine

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Down's Syndrome, Alzheimer's Disease, Hydrocephalus, Notch Signaling, Gamma-secretase

Research Identifies a Molecular Basis for Common Congenital Brain Defect

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Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have discovered a molecular cause of hydrocephalus, a common, potentially life-threatening birth defect in which the head is enlarged due to excess fluid surrounding the brain. Because the same molecule is also implicated in Down’s syndrome, the finding, published today in the Journal of Neuroscience, may explain the ten-fold increased risk of hydrocephalus in infants born with Down’s.

Medicine

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Alzheimer's Disease, Brain, Cranial, Electromagnetic, Transcranial, Magnetic, Stimulation

Weston Brain Institute Funds Clinical Trials of New Alzheimer’s Treatment

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Electrocranial stimulation offers hope for Alzheimer's patients

Medicine

Life

Education

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disability resources, special needs college student, Head Injury, tubing accident, Empathy, perseverence

Iowa State Senior Rebounds From Head Injury to Graduate

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On her way to becoming a teacher, Amanda Rohlf hit a brick wall. Actually it was a lake. But the way her head struck the water, it might as well have been a wall. With extraordinary inner strength and TLC from her university, Rohlf bulldozed through those bricks to graduate magna cum laude from Iowa State.







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