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Prenatal alcohol exposure, academic problems, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders , Brain Imaging, math performance, Brain Development In Children

Children Prenatally Exposed to Alcohol Have Academic Difficulties

Despite greater awareness of the dangers of prenatal exposure to alcohol, the rates of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders remain alarmingly high. This study evaluated academic achievement among children known to be prenatally exposed to maternal heavy alcohol consumption as compared to their peers without such exposure, and explored the brain regions that may underlie academic performance.

Medicine

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Mount Sinai Health System, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Epigenetics, heroin epidemic, Heroin, Heroin Addiction, histone deacetylase, hyperacetylation, Striatum, Glutamate, GRIA1, JQ1, Drug Addiction

Epigenetic Alteration a Promising New Drug Target for Heroin Use Disorder

Heroin use is associated with excessive histone acetylation, an epigenetic process that regulates gene expression, and more years of drug use correlate with higher levels of hyperacetylation, according to research conducted at The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published in the journal Biological Psychiatry.

Medicine

Science

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Transgender, College, Alcohol, Coping mechanisms, alcohol consequences, high-risk drinking, Social Anxiety, Self Esteem, male-to-female

Transgender College Students May Use Alcohol as a Coping Mechanism

Although college can be demanding for young adults, it may be particularly so for transgender students struggling with identity-formation and other emotional, social, and developmental challenges. Prior research suggests that transgender students may experience greater drinking and negative alcohol-related consequences than their cisgender peers (i.e., those whose gender matches their sex at birth). This study examined levels of drinking, frequency of blackouts and other alcohol-related consequences, and drinking motivations among transgender college students.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Opioid, opioid abuse, Opioid Crisis, Opioids

WashU Expert: More Must Be Done to Address Opioid Crisis

Opioids, including heroin and prescription drugs, killed 33,000-plus people in 2015, more than any year on record, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. President Trump’s proposed budget aims to bring a $500 million increase in funding for prevention and treatment, but that amount isn’t enough to address the crisis, says an expert on substance use disorder treatment at Washington University in St.

Medicine

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low-dose spiral CT scan , LDCT scan, lung cancer screening, Lung Cancer, typical carcinoid

How CT Cancer Screening for Longtime Smokers Can Save Lives

Dawn Andersen lost her husband to lung cancer, and as a longtime smoker herself, she also was at high risk for the disease. So Loyola Medicine pulmonologist Sean Forsythe, MD, recommended Mrs. Andersen undergo a CT lung cancer screening test, which has been shown to save lives among longtime smokers by detecting lung cancer in early stages when it’s most treatable.

Medicine

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medicaid expansion, Buprenorphine, Opioid, Affordable Care Act , Opioid Use Disorder, Medical Care, Prescription

Medicaid Expansion Linked to Increased Prescribing of Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorder Treatment

States where Medicaid coverage was expanded under the Affordable Care Act have had a significant increase in prescribing of buprenorphine—a medication that plays an important role in addressing the opioid epidemic, reports a study in the April issue of Medical Care. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

Medicine

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Suicide, Veterans, Substance Use Disorders, Addiction, Mental Health, Veterans health

Drug & Alcohol Problems Linked to Increased Veteran Suicide Risk, Especially in Women, Long-Term Study Finds

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Veterans who have drug or alcohol problems are more than twice as likely to die by suicide as their comrades, a new study finds. And women veterans with substance use disorders have an even higher rate of suicide -- more than five times that of their peers, the research shows.

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New Pain Med Test Can Reduce Opioid Misuse and Diversion

Online media briefing to announce first saliva test to measure steady-state opioid drug levels in doctors’ offices. Test verifies therapy compliance and helps prevent drug misuse and diversion.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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opioid abuse, Opioid, Addiction, Heroin, Heroin Addiction, Drug Treatment, PTSD, Ptsd Treament, impulsive behavior, impulsivesness

New Study Links Opioid Epidemic to Childhood Emotional Abuse

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A study by researchers at the University of Vermont has revealed a link between adult opioid misuse and childhood emotional abuse, a new finding that suggests a rethinking of treatment approaches for opioid abusers.

Medicine

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e-cigarettes and youth, e-cigarettes, vaping, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Tobacco, Nicotine

E-Cigarettes a Gateway to Smoking? Not Likely, According to New Published Research

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Major national studies provide little evidence that e-cigarette users move to smoking cigarettes as a result, researchers from UB, Michigan write.







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