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Science

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Biology, Molecular Biology, X-rays, Synchrotron, Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Molecular Foundry, Advanced Light Source, JBEI, Joint Bioenergy institute, Protein, Mineral

X-Ray Footprinting Solves Mystery of Metal-Breathing Protein

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Berkeley Lab scientists have discovered the details of an unconventional coupling between a bacterial protein and a mineral that allows the bacterium to breathe when oxygen is not available.

Medicine

Science

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Biologists Find New Source for Brain’s Development

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A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain’s development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system.

Science

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Biorenewable Chemicals, bioprivileged molecules, Green Chemistry

Center for Biorenewable Chemicals Introduces Idea for New Molecules, Innovation, Value

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Leaders of the Center for Biorenewable Chemicals are proposing a new model for creating, applying and commercializing chemicals made from biomass. The model calls for identifying “bioprivileged molecules” that offer unique properties.

Medicine

Science

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Differentiation, Gene Silencing, Histone Modification, histone ubiquitination, Histone, Histone H2A

Key Factor Identified in Gene Silencing

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Hengbin Wang and colleagues describe a key role for a protein called RSF1 in silencing genes. Besides the molecular biology details, the researchers also showed that disruption of RSF1 expression in the embryos of African clawed frogs caused severe developmental defects in the tadpoles.

Science

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Desalination, water availability, graphene aerogels, 2D layered materials

Toward a Smart Graphene Membrane to Desalinate Water

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A simple, sturdy graphene-based hybrid desalination membrane can provide clean water for agriculture and possibly human consumption.

Science

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Chemical Sciences & Engineering, fundamental interactions, Modeling, simulation, & visualization

Discovery Suggests New Significance of Unheralded Chemical Reactions

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Argonne and Columbia researchers reveal new significance to a decades-old chemical reaction theory, increasing our understanding of the interaction of gases, relevant to combustion and planetary atmospheres.

Medicine

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Biochemistry, Structural Biology, Immunotherapy, Cancer Therapy, Antibodies

Expanding the Reach of Therapeutic Antibodies

A group of researchers has developed an approach to efficiently produce antibodies that can bind to two different target molecules simultaneously, a long-desired innovation in the field of cancer immunotherapy. The details will be published in the Sept. 1 issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry.

Medicine

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Penn Medicine Pharmacologist Given Founders’ Award from American Chemical Society

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Ian A. Blair, PhD, an internationally recognized expert on applying mass spectrometry, has won the 2017 Founders’ Award from the Division of Chemical Toxicology of the American Chemical Society.

Science

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3-D printing, Space, kapton, Polymer, 3-D

Virginia Tech Team Develops Novel 3-D Printed High-Performance Polymer That Could Be Used in Space

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With this breakthrough, the high-performance polymer now could theoretically be used in any shape, size, or structure. And not just within the aerospace industry. The same material can be found in scores of electronic devices, including cell phones and televisions.

Science

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Hypothalamus, Anxiety, Wnt

Manipulating a Single Gene Defines a New Pathway to Anxiety

Removing a single gene from the brains of mice and zebrafish causes these animals to become more anxious than normal. Researchers from University of Utah Health show that eliminating the gene encoding Lef1 disrupts the development of certain nerve cells in the hypothalamus that affect stress and anxiety. These results are the first implication that Lef1 functions in this brain region to mediate behavior, knowledge that could one day prove useful for diagnosing and treating human brain disorders.







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