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Article ID: 698103

A Century-Old Model for the Origin of Life Gets Significant Substantiation

Weizmann Institute of Science

In 1924, Russian biochemist Alexander Oparin claimed that life developed through chemical changes of organic molecules. The Weizmann Institute’s Prof. Doron Lancet has now made discoveries about lipids that support Oparin’s ideas. Lancet’s findings could also help identify early, lipid-based life forms on other worlds.

Released:
26-Jul-2018 12:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 698042

Department of Energy Announces $30 Million for “Ultrafast” Science

Department of Energy, Office of Science

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced funding for research that will take advantage of new and emerging capabilities to probe materials and chemical processes at time scales of a quadrillionth of a second or less.

Released:
25-Jul-2018 3:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697952

A Catalytic Support Material Takes a Leading Role

Argonne National Laboratory

Chemists at Argonne and Ames national laboratories have spotted an important and unexpected reaction mechanism — called redox behavior — in some catalyst support materials that are commonly used in the chemical industry.

Released:
25-Jul-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 697899

Los Alamos Chemist Elected Fellow of the American Chemical Society

Los Alamos National Laboratory

Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellow Jaqueline Loetsch Kiplinger has been announced as a fellow of the American Chemical Society. She is among 51 new fellows for the nation’s key chemistry organization and is one of only seven from Los Alamos in the laboratory’s 75-year history.

Released:
24-Jul-2018 5:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697865

Rutgers Expert Available for Interviews on New Jersey’s First Fish Consumption Advisories for PFAS

Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Released:
24-Jul-2018 3:30 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    24-Jul-2018 8:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697369

A New Potentially Faster-Acting Aspirin

American Crystallographic Association (ACA)

A team of researchers recently discovered a new aspirin polymorph that’s predicted to dissolve faster than current form I aspirin tablets, which would mean faster pain relief after ingestion. Greater dissolving efficiency also means that each tablet would require less of the compound. Chunhua (Tony) Hu, New York University, will present the painstaking story of aspirin IV alongside its structural definition at the 68th Annual Meeting of the American Crystallographic Association.

Released:
12-Jul-2018 1:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697775

An Enzyme’s Active Site Determines Its Reactivity

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)

Phospholipases are enzymes that cleave the tail group off of phospholipids, which make up cell membranes. These tails, or free fatty acids, can go on to act as signaling molecules. Lysosomal phospholipase A2, or LPA2, is a phospholipase from the macrophages that protect the lung.

Released:
23-Jul-2018 1:45 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697783

Why Do Kidney Disease and Heart Failure Correlate?

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)

People with chronic kidney disease are at unusually high risk of also developing cardiovascular disease; in fact, a patient with non-dialysis kidney disease is more likely to die of heart failure than to develop end-stage kidney failure. However traditional atherosclerosis risk factors contribute less strongly to cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease patients than in subjects with intact kidney function.

Released:
23-Jul-2018 1:05 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    23-Jul-2018 8:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697673

Material Formed from Crab Shells and Trees Could Replace Flexible Plastic Packaging

Georgia Institute of Technology

Researchers at Georgia Institute of Technology have created a material derived from crab shells and tree fibers that has the potential to replace the flexible plastic packaging used to keep food fresh.

Released:
19-Jul-2018 3:00 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    22-Jul-2018 8:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697373

New MOF Vaccines Could Expand Access to Immunization and Reduce Global Health Care Costs

American Crystallographic Association (ACA)

Many vaccines become ineffective when exposed to room temperature or heat. This challenge can prevent patients from accessing lifesaving immunizations and increase the risk of global pandemics. During the 68th Annual Meeting of the American Crystallographic Association, Jeremiah Gassensmith, University of Texas at Dallas, will describe his lab’s work developing metal-organic framework vaccines. This new biocompatible polymer framework “freezes” proteins inside vaccines. The proteins then dissolve when injected in human skin. This innovation could help health care providers transport and administer vaccines in remote areas with unreliable power.

Released:
12-Jul-2018 2:05 PM EDT
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