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Science

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Nanotechnology, Artificial Muscles, Carbon Nanotube, intelligent textiles, Material Science

UT Dallas Scientists Put a New Twist on Artificial Muscles

In recent years, researchers at The University of Texas at Dallas and colleagues at the University of Wollongong in Australia have put a high-tech twist on the ancient art of fiber spinning, using modern materials to create ultra-strong, powerful, shape-shifting yarns.

Science

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Superhydrophobic, Coating, Glass Display, Smartphones, samsung, Dirt repellent, Water Repellent, Antireflective, Nanomaterials, Materials Science

Samsung Licenses ORNL Transparent Superhydrophobic Glass Coatings for Electronic Devices

Samsung Electronics has exclusively licensed optically clear superhydrophobic film technology from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory to improve the performance of glass displays on smartphones, tablets and other electronic devices.

Science

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Energy, Solar Cells, cadmium telluride, Nanoscience

Crystalline Fault Lines Provide Pathway for Solar Cell Current

A team of scientists studying solar cells made from cadmium telluride, a promising alternative to silicon, has discovered that microscopic "fault lines" within and between crystals of the material act as conductive pathways that ease the flow of electric current. This research-conducted at the University of Connecticut and the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, and described in the journal Nature Energy-may help explain how a common processing technique turns cadmium telluride into an excellent material for transforming sunlight into electricity, and suggests a strategy for engineering more efficient solar devices that surpass the performance of silicon.

Science

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Quantum, Materials Science, Electronics, Electron, Dirac, semimetal, Nanotech, Nanoscience, Semiconductor, Superconductor, topological, Electrons

Scientists Find Twisting 3-D Raceway for Electrons in Nanoscale Crystal Slices

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Researchers observed, for the first time, an exotic 3-D racetrack for electrons in ultrathin slices of a crystal they made at Berkeley Lab.

Medicine

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drug deliver, Tumor, Cancer, magnetic bacteria

Swarms of Magnetic Bacteria Could Be Used to Deliver Drugs to Tumors

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Researchers have recently shown that magnetic bacteria are a promising vehicle for more efficiently delivering tumor-fighting drugs.

Science

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Physical Science, Engineering, Materials Science, Center For Nanoscale Materials

Argonne Appoints New Associate Laboratory Director for Energy and Global Security

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The U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory announced today the appointment of Jeffrey L. Binder to the position of Associate Laboratory Director for Energy and Global Security (EGS).

Science

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Catalysis, Chemistry, heterogeneous catalysis, Carbon dioxide conversion, Spectroscopy, nanotechnnology

Making Catalysts Smarter

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The industrial catalysts of the future won’t just speed up reactions, they’ll control how chemical processes work and determine how much of a particular product is made.

Science

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Boise State University, Yanliang Zhang, Tony Varghese, Courtney Hollar, Joseph Richardson, Nicholas Kempf, Chao Han, Pansindu Gamarachchi, David Estrada, Rutvik J. Mehta, Thermoelectric

Boise State Research Explores Thermoelectric Screen Printing

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Flexible thermoelectric devices are especially attractive for waste heat recovery along contoured surfaces and for energy harvesting applications to power sensors, biomedical devices and wearable electronics – an area experiencing exponential growth. However, obtaining low-cost, flexible and efficient thermoelectric materials is extremely difficult due to many materials and manufacturing challenges.

Medicine

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Gynecologic Cancer, saltzman, Ovarian, Uterine, Nanoparticles, Targeted Therapy, YALE

Fighting Cancer with Sticky Nanoparticles

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A team of researchers at Yale found that a treatment using bioadhesive nanoparticles loaded with a potent chemotherapy drug proved more effective and less toxic than conventional treatments for gynecological cancer.

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Nanoscale Tetrapods Could Provide Early Warning of a Material’s Failure

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Light-emitting, four-armed nanocrystals could someday form the basis of an early warning system in structural materials by revealing microscopic cracks that portend failure, thanks to recent research by scientists from Berkeley Lab.

Science

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Materials Science, Nanoscience, Semiconductors, materials simulation & theory, Surface & interface studies, Thin Films

Diamond Proves Useful Material for Growing Graphene

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A team has developed a method to grow graphene that contains relatively few impurities, and costs less to make, in a shorter time and at lower temperatures compared to the processes widely used to make graphene today.

Medicine

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Nanoparticle Drug Cocktail Could Help Treat Lethal Cancers

A group of scientists from the University of Chicago has developed an ingenious way to spur checkpoint blockade cancer immunotherapy into more potent action. The therapy offers the hope of an effective treatment for intractable metastatic cancers including those of the colon and lung.

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Large Protein Nanocages Could Improve Drug Design and Delivery

Using novel computational and biochemical approaches, HHMI scientists have designed and built from scratch 10 large protein icosahedra that are similar to viral capsids that carry viral DNA.

Science

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Nanorods, Nanotechnology, Nanocrystals, block copolymer

Uniform “Hairy” Nanorods Have Potential Energy, Biomedical Applications

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Materials scientists have developed a new strategy for crafting one-dimensional nanorods from a wide range of precursor materials. Based on a cellulose backbone, the system relies on the growth of block copolymer “arms” that help create a compartment to serve as a nanometer-scale chemical reactor.

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Modern-Day Alchemy: Researchers Reveal That Magnetic ‘Rust’ Performs as Gold at the Nanoscale

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Researchers from the University of Georgia are giving new meaning to the phrase “turning rust into gold”—and making the use of gold in research settings and industrial applications far more affordable.

Science

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Nanotechnology, Manufacturing

Advanced Nano-Cutter Boosts Emerging Materials Research at UW–Madison

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MADISON, Wis. — The University of Wisconsin–Madison College of Engineering is the new home of a unique machine capable of milling in three dimensions with nanometer precision. The machine, called the ROBONANO α-0iB, is the first of its kind in North America.

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Chemists Report New Insights About Properties of Matter at the Nanoscale

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UCLA nanoscience researchers have determined that a fluid that behaves similarly to water in our day-to-day lives becomes as heavy as honey when trapped in a nanocage of a porous solid, offering new insights into how matter behaves in the nanoscale world.

Science

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complex oxide, Materials Science, Nanoscale, Microprocessor, Computer Chip, Computing, Circuit, electrical circuit, Electronics, electric field, Magnetic Field, computing architecture, silicon chip

Complex Materials Can Self-Organize Into Circuits, May Form Basis for Multifunction Chips

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Researchers studying the behavior of nanoscale materials at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have uncovered remarkable behavior that could advance microprocessors beyond today’s silicon-based chips.

Science

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Physical Sciences & Engineering, Nanoscience & Technology, Center For Nanoscale Materials, Argonne Leadership Computing Facility, Energy, Energy Sources, Solar Energy, Chemical Sciences & Engineering, Photosynthesis & biomimetics, Materials Science, Nanoscience, materials simulation & theory

Water Helps Assembly of Biofibers That Could Capture Sunlight

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A new study from Argonne National Laboratory has shown water can serve a previously undiscovered role to help micelles coalesce to spontaneously form long fibers. The study could help scientists to understand how light-harvesting molecules are incorporated into the micelle fiber as it assembles, which would be a key step to understanding some forms of artificial photosynthesis.

Science

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Nanotechnology, Semiconductors

New Computer Chip Manufacturing Method Squeezes More Onto Limited Wafer Space

MADISON, Wis. - Computer chip makers continuously strive to pack more transistors in less space, yet as the size of those transistors approaches the atomic scale, there are physical limits on how small they are able to make the patterns for the circuitry.







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