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Medicine

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Neurology, Animal, Model, Infantile, Spasms, Pediatrics, Epilepsy, Genetics

Findings in Epilepsy Gene in Animals May Help Direct Treatment in Infants

Researchers studying a difficult-to-treat form of childhood epilepsy called infantile spasms have developed a line of mice that experiences seizures with features closely resembling those occurring in human infants. These genetically engineered mice provide a new opportunity for scientists to test treatments that may benefit children.

Medicine

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Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinson's, Frontotemporal Dementia, Neurodegeneration, Neurodegenerative Disease

Mixed Neurodegenerative Disorders are Emerging from the Shadows

Many cases of age-related neurodegenerative disease fall into the gray zone between big, defined diseases such as Alzheimer or Parkinson disease. They are often misdiagnosed, which is a problem because mixed disease is not only common, but also quite different in its course from pathologically 'pure' disease. But there's also excitement and opportunity.

Science

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Attention, Brain, Prefrontal Cortex, Gamma Waves, Gamma Oscillations, Distraction

Long-distance Brain Waves Focus Attention

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Just as our world buzzes with distractions "” from phone calls to e-mails to tweets "” the neurons in our brain are bombarded with messages. Research has shown that when we pay attention, some of these neurons begin firing in unison, like a chorus rising above the noise. Now, a study in the May 29 issue of Science reveals the likely brain center that serves as the conductor of this neural chorus.

Science

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Biology, Neuroscience, Brain, Neurons, Synapses, Autism, Oregon

Capturing the Birth of a Synapse

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Researchers have identified the locking mechanism that allows some neurons to form synapses to pass along essential information. Mutations of genes that produce a critical cell-adhesion molecule involved in the work were previously linked to autism.

Medicine

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Multiple Sclerosis (MS), MS, Actos, Pioglitazone, Neuro Protective

Diabetes Drug Shows Promise Against Multiple Sclerosis

A drug currently FDA-approved for use in diabetes shows some protective effects in the brains of patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis, researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine report in a study online in the Journal of Neuroimmunology.

Medicine

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Menopause, Learning, Memory, Cognitive Skills, Menopause Transition, AAN, American Academy Of Neurology, Neurology Journal, Journal Neurology

Menopause Transition May Cause Trouble Learning

The largest study of its kind to date shows that women may not be able to learn as well shortly before menopause compared to other stages in life. The research is published in the May 26, 2009, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Medicine

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Statins, Stroke, Recurring Strokes, Cholesterol Lowering Drugs, AAN, American Academy Of Neurology, Neurology Journal, Journal Neurology

Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs May Help Prevent Stroke Recurrence

People who take cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins after a stroke may be less likely to have another stroke later, according to research published in the May 26, 2009, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Medicine

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Huntington's Disease, Molecular Mechanisms, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Malfunctioning Proteins, Apoptosis

Identifying Pathways in the Brain to Understand the Underlying Molecular Mechanism of Huntington's Disease

Researchers at Florida Atlantic University are investigating the molecular mechanisms of Huntington's disease (HD) to identify the pathways in the brain that are altered in response to mutant proteins, as well as to understand the cellular processes impacted by the disease in order to facilitate the development of effective pharmacological interventions. HD is a highly complex genetic, neurological disorder that causes certain nerve cells in the brain to waste away.

Medicine

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Brain, Aneurysms

Neurosurgeon Using New Liquid Treatment for Brain Aneurysms

A Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center physician is among the first in the country to treat a patient using an FDA-approved liquid system for treating wide-necked brain aneurysms.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Meditation, Ibmt, Neuroscience, Brain, Stress, Relaxation, China, Oregon

Of Body and Mind, and Deep Meditation

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Chinese researchers have unlocked the mechanism of an emerging mind-body technique that produces measurable changes in attention and stress reduction in just five days of practice.







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