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Medicine

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Diabetes, diabetic nerve pain, Jerry Mathers, pain, Diabetic Neuropathy

Actor Jerry Mathers Hosts Free Video to Help People with Diabetic Nerve Pain

Actor Jerry Mathers is the host of the American Academy of Neurology Foundation’s latest patient education video and guidebook, Diabetic Nerve Pain: A Guide for Patients and Families. The video and guidebook are aimed at answering important questions for people who suffer from nerve pain due to diabetes and can be viewed and downloaded for free by visiting www.aan.com/patients. Printed copies of the guidebook and video may be purchased at www.aan.com/store.

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Science

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Addiction, Smoking, Drug Abuse, Cocaine, Tobacco

Nicotine and Cocaine Leave Similar Mark on Brain After First Contact

The effects of nicotine upon brain regions involved in addiction mirror those of cocaine, according to new neuroscience research. A single 15-minute exposure to nicotine caused a long-term increase in the excitability of neurons involved in reward, according to a University of Chicago study published in The Journal of Neuroscience.

Medicine

Science

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Stress, Social Stress, Inflammation, Brain

Researchers See A 'Picture' of Threats in the Brain

A team of researchers is beginning to see exactly what the response to threats looks like in the brain at the cellular and molecular levels.

Medicine

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Diet, Nutrition, Obesity, Overweight, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Memory, Neurology

Packing on the Pounds in Middle Age Linked to Dementia

According to a new study, being overweight or obese during middle age may increase the risk of certain dementias. The research is published in the May 3, 2011, print issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Medicine

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Autism, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Brain Development, Brain Development In Children, cortical thickness, cortical surface area, cortical folding

Brain Enlargement in Autism Due to Brain Changes Occurring Before Age 2

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A study by UNC researchers finds that children with autism who had enlarged brains at age 2 continued to have enlarged brains at ages 4 and 5. However, this increased brain growth did not continue beyond age 2, and the changes detected at age 2 were due to overgrowth prior to that time point.

Medicine

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Alzheimer's Disease, Amyloid Beta, Plaques On Nerve Cells, Neurodegenerative Disease, Default Mode Network

Cells Talk More in Areas Alzheimer’s Hits First

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Higher levels of cell chatter boost amyloid beta in the brain regions that Alzheimer’s hits first, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis report. Amyloid beta is the main ingredient of the plaque lesions that are a hallmark of Alzheimer’s.

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Stroke, transfusions for anemia, intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), Red Blood Cells, ICH, Neurosurgery, Congress of Neurological Surgeons, LWW, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

In One Type of Stroke, Transfusions for Anemia May Reduce Risk of Death

In patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)—a type of stroke caused by bleeding inside the brain—transfusion with red blood cells may improve the chances of survival, reports a study in the May issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

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Researchers Find New Genetic Cause of Neurodegeneration

Mayo Clinic researchers have discovered two mutations responsible for a devastating neurological condition they first identified 15 years ago.

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Neuroscientists Examine Link Between Theta Rhythm and the Ability of Animals to Track Their Location

In a paper to be published today [April 29, 2011] in the journal “Science,” a team of Boston University researchers under the direction of Michael Hasselmo, professor of psychology and director of Boston University’s Computational Neurophysiology Laboratory, and Mark Brandon, a recent graduate of the Graduate Program for Neuroscience at Boston University, present findings that support the hypothesis that spatial coding by grid cells requires theta rhythm oscillations, and dissociates the mechanisms underlying the generation of entorhinal grid cell periodicity and head-direction selectivity.

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Improvised Explosive Device, Brain Injury, Brain Trauma, Vassilis Koliatsos, Neuropathology, applied physics laboratory, Bomb Blast, overpressure wave, Afghanistan War, Iraq War, blast neurotrauma

Shielding Body Protects Brain from “Shell Shocking” Blast Injuries

Stronger and tougher body armor to shield the chest, abdomen and back may be just what soldiers fighting in the Afghanistan and Iraq wars need to better protect their brains from mild injuries tied to so-called “shell shock,” results of a Johns Hopkins study in mice suggest.







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