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Science

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Ut Southwestern, Down Syndrome, beta-amyloid, Beta amyloid accumulation, Cognition Dysfunction, Cognitive Abilities

Reducing Alzheimer’s-Related Protein in Young Brains Improves Learning in Down syndrome animal model

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Reducing a protein called beta-amyloid in young mice with a condition resembling Down syndrome improves their ability to learn, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found.

Medicine

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Hypothalamus, Brain, Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Obesity, Metabolism, Neurons, High Blood Pressure

Genetic ‘Parts’ List Now Available for Key Part of the Mammalian Brain

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A Johns Hopkins and Japanese research team has generated the first comprehensive genetic “parts” list of a mouse hypothalamus, an enigmatic region of the brain — roughly cherry-sized, in humans — that controls hunger, thirst, fatigue, body temperature, wake-sleep cycles and links the central nervous system to control of hormone levels.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Psychology, Brain Imaging, University Of Texas At Austin, Russell Poldrack, Adolescent Behavior, Neurobiolgy, Imaging Research Center, Risk Behaviors

Adolescent Brains Biologically Wired To Engage in Risky Behavior

There are biological motivations behind the stereotypically poor decisions and risky behavior associated with adolescence, new research from a University of Texas at Austin psychologist reveals.

Medicine

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Aging, Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School Of Medicine

Researchers Discover One Cause of Cognitive Decline in Aging Population

Researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine have found that certain types of specializations on nerve cells called “spines” are depleted as a person ages, causing cognitive decline in the part of the brain that mediates the highest levels of learning.

Medicine

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Parkinson Disease, Deep Brain Stimulation, pacemaker for brain, globus pallidus, subthalamic nucleus

"Great News" for Parkinson's Disease Patients

A "brain pacemaker" called deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an equally effective treatment for Parkinson's disease in two different regions of the brain.

Medicine

Science

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University Of Arkansas For Medical Sciences, Edgar Garcia-Rill, UAMS, Center for Translational Neurosciences, Journal of Neurophysiology. , Sleeping, dreaming, gamma band activity, Cortex, UAMS College of Medicine

Brain Mechanism Controlling Dreaming and Waking Could Be Key to New Stimulants, Anesthetics

A brain mechanism involved in both dreaming and waking from sleep may hold the key to new, more effective anesthetics and stimulants, reported neuroscientists at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS). Researchers in the UAMS Center for Translational Neuroscience discovered that cells in the part of the brainstem that controls sleep, dreaming and waking exhibit the same type of electrical activity as when the cortex of the brain is alert or during learning.

Medicine

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dyt1, Dystonia, torsinA, torsinB, Movement Disorder, Movement Disorders, Neuron, Neural Cells, Cell Protein

Neurons Differ in Protein Levels

Researchers from the University of Michigan have found neural tissue contains imbalanced levels of proteins, which may explain the brain’s susceptibility to a debilitating childhood movement disorder.

Medicine

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Philanthropy, Fundraising, Sports, Neurosurgeons, Neurosurgery, Brain Tumor, Brain Cancer, Pediatric Cancer

Neurosurgeons Go to Bat to Fight Brain Tumors

300 neurosurgeons from 22 of the nations’ top medical institutions will battle it out in NYC’s Central Park on Sat., June 5 – an annual event that provides an opportunity for neurosurgeons to trade in the operating room for the softball field for a day – to support Columbia University Medical Center’s Pediatric Brain Tumor Research Fund.

Science

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Neuroimaging, Arthur Aron, Stony Brook University

In The Brain, Early-Stage Intense Passionate Love Seems To Be Universal

Close relationship researchers have previously found that Easterners (those from collectivistic cultures such as China) seem to regard love differently from Westerners (those from individualist cultures such as the United States).

Medicine

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Nationwide Children's Hospital, Neurology, Neurosurgery, Brain Tumor, Measles Vaccine, Pediatrics

Modified Measles Virus Shows Potential for Treating Childhood Brain Tumors

The use of modified measles virus may represent a new treatment for a childhood brain tumor known as medulloblastoma, according to a new study appearing in Neuro-Oncology.







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