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Science

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Plastic, Plastics, Polymer, Polymers, Chemistry, Chemical, Chemicals, polysulfates, polysulfonates, Berkeley, Berkeley Lab, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Department Of Energy, DOE, LBNL, Click Chemistry

Making Polymer Chemistry ‘Click’

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A team including Berkeley Lab scientists has developed a faster and easier way to make a class of sulfur-containing plastics that will lower the cost of large-scale production.

Science

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Microbiology, Microbiome, Bacteria, Cheese, Horizontal gene transfer , Gene, Genetics

Thousands of Genes Exchanged within Microbial Communities Living on Cheese

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Using cheese as a novel way to study microscopic communities, researchers have found that bacteria living on artisanal cheese varieties have transferred thousands of genes between each other. Such microbiome communities are known to play a key function in many areas, including human health.

Science

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Physics, Electromagnetism, Supercondductor

Magnetic Quantum Objects in A "Nano Egg-Box"

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Magnetic quantum objects in superconductors, so-called "fluxons", are particularly suitable for the storage and processing of data bits. Physicists around Wolfgang Lang at the University of Vienna and their colleagues at the Johannes-Kepler-University Linz have now succeeded in producing a "quantum egg-box" with a novel and simple method.

Science

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dragonfly, Dragonflies, Insects, Insect vision, Robotics, Automation, Neuroscience

Dragonfly Brains Predict the Path of Their Prey

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New research from Australia and Sweden has shown how a dragonfly's brain anticipates the movement of its prey, enabling it to hunt successfully. This knowledge could lead to innovations in fields such as robot vision.

Medicine

Science

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Child Development, Toddlers, Reading And Writing Abilities, Reading Development

Toddlers Begin Learning Rules of Reading, Writing at a Very Early Age, Study Finds

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New research from Washington University in St. Louis suggests that children as young as 3 already are beginning to recognize and follow important rules and patterns governing how letters in the English language fit together to make words

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Addication, Neurobiolgy, Behaivor

Pattern of Marijuana Use During Adolescence May Impact Psychosocial Outcomes in Adulthood

A pattern of escalating marijuana use in adolescents is linked to higher rates of depression and lower educational accomplishments in adulthood.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Northwestern University, Research, Sleep, Stress, Students, Education, Violence, Crime, Academic Performance

Study Explains Link Between Academic Performance and Violence

A lack of variation in the stress hormone cortisol from morning to evening is tied to a wide range of negative health conditions, including inflammation and immune system dysfunction, new Northwestern University research suggests. In the first comprehensive review of the relationship between daily cortisol fluctuations and health, researchers at the School of Education and Social Policy combined data from 80 different studies to show that while cortisol levels matter, a lack of variation from morning to evening may be even more telling.

Medicine

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children's hospital of Michigan, Detroit Medical Center, Dr. Seetha Shankaran, neonatologist, Pediatrics, JAMA Pediatrics, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Body Cooling for Newborns , Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic, NICHD Neonatal Research Network, HIE, Hypothermia, Neonatal Depression, Perinatal asphyxia, Feta

Detroit Neonatologist Dr. Seetha Shankaran Leads Long Term NIH Study on Body-Cooling Technique for Newborns

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After more than 20 years of research on the best treatment for full-term infants affected by oxygen deprivation during the birthing process, Seetha Shankaran, M.D., neonatologist at DMC Children's Hospital of Michigan and DMC Hutzel Women's Hospital, served as the lead investigator in a definitive Journal of the American Medical Association study that documented the safest depth and duration of body-cooling to minimize injury from hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in newborns.

Medicine

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Macular Degeneration, macular degeneration treatment, CRISPR-Cas9, CRISPR

Genome Editing with CRISPR-Cas9 Prevents Angiogenesis of the Retina

A research team from the Schepens Eye Research Institute of Massachusetts Eye and Ear has successfully prevented mice from developing angiogenesis of the retina—the sensory tissue at the back of the eye—using gene-editing techniques with CRISPR-Cas9.

Medicine

Science

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secondhand harm, Alcohol Use, Accidents, Violence, interrupted sleep, relationship problems, financial problems, personality risks, Impulsivity, sensation seeking, Hopelessness, Anxiety, Strains, Threats

First Secondhand Smoke, Now Secondhand Harm From Drinking

It’s no secret that university life often includes alcohol use, which can sometimes cause harm. Yet harm can also extend beyond the drinker, such as “secondhand harm” that is caused by intoxicated people: accidents or domestic, physical, or sexual violence; interrupted sleep or property destruction; and arguments, problems with relationships, or financial problems. Prior research suggests that more than 70 percent of college undergraduates have experienced harm from other students’ drinking. This study examined the prevalence and types of secondhand harm among Canadian undergraduates, and whether certain personality risks for alcohol use disorder – impulsivity, sensation seeking, hopelessness, anxiety sensitivity – can predict secondhand-harm exposure.







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