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Medicine

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Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Virus That Causes Mono May Increase Risk of MS for Multiple Races

Like whites, Hispanic and black people who have had mononucleosis, commonly known as mono, which is caused by Epstein-Barr virus, may have an increased risk of multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a new study published in the August 30, 2017, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Cardiac Arrest, CPR, Defibrillation, AED, Bystander CPR, Racial Disparities

Cardiac Arrests in Black Neighborhoods Less Likely to get CPR, Defibrillation

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Compared to people who live in predominantly white neighborhoods, those who live in predominantly black areas are much less likely to receive CPR or defibrillation from a bystander when their heart suddenly stops beating while they are at home or out in the community.

Science

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Appalachia, Opioid, Reseach, Hepatitis, HIV, Overdose, Public Health, Research

UK Researchers Take Community Approach in Battling Opioid Epidemic in Eastern Kentucky

With a $1.16 million cooperative agreement from the CDC, NIDA, SAMHSA and the Appalachian Regional Commission, April Young, researcher with the University of Kentucky College of Public Health and Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, will partner with communities to conduct research to address the opioid epidemic in 12 Eastern Kentucky counties.

Medicine

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Toxicology, Health, Cardiology, Neruology, Occupational Safety

Largest Study to Date Evaluates Occupational Health Risks to Hardmetal Workers

Workers in the hardmetal industry are not at increased risk for lung cancer or any of 63 other potential causes of death, concluded the largest and most definitive study on this population to date. The study of more than 32,000 workers in five countries was performed after smaller French and Swedish studies indicated that tungsten carbide with a cobalt binder – the primary ingredients in hardmetal – may be linked to an increased risk of lung cancer.

Science

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Microsensors, Malaria, Infectious Diseases, Developing Countries, In Utero, Mosquitos, mother-fetus, womb, Microbiology, Treatments, Research & Development

Placenta-on-a-Chip: Microsensor Simulates Malaria in the Womb to Develop Treatments

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By combining microbiology with engineering technologies, researchers from Florida Atlantic University are developing a first-of-its-kind 3D model that uses a single microfluidic sensing chip to study the complicated processes that take place in malaria-infected placenta as well as other placenta-related diseases and pathologies. The chip will mimic the microenvironment of placental malaria, specifically the maternal-fetal interface.

Medicine

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Nutrition, Fat, Carbohydrate, Fruit & Vegetable Consumption, Mortality and longevity, Global Health, Dietary Fats, Saturated Fat, Monounsaturated Fats, Polyunsaturated Fat, raw vegetables, cooked vegetables, Legumes, Apolipoprotein A 1, Apolipoprotein B, nutrition policies

International Study Shows Moderate Consumption of Fats and Carbohydrates Best for Health

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Research with more than 135,000 people across five continents has shown that a diet which includes a moderate intake of fat and fruits and vegetables, and avoidance of high carbohydrates, is associated with lower risk of death.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Mental Health, Trauma, Child Health, Public Health, mental health and children , Hurricane Harvey, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Betty Lai, Shanta R. Dube

How Can Children Cope with Natural Disasters? Public Health Researchers Can Discuss Kids' Mental Health

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Medicine

Science

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age of first drink, early drinking, Alcohol Use Disorder, Ethnicity, alcohol and ethnicity, ALDH2*2, genetics and addiction, Korean American, Chinese American, European ancestry

Genetics and Ethnicity Can Influence Pathway between Early Drinking and Alcohol Use Disorders

Studies have shown that an early age of drinking initiation (ADI) increases the chance of developing an alcohol use disorder (AUD). There is limited evidence that ADI differs across ethnic groups. This study examined whether the pathway from ADI to AUD symptoms by early adulthood is influenced by two factors: ethnicity and having the alcohol metabolizing gene variant allele, ALDH2*2. This allele produces an inactive enzyme that leads to higher levels of acetaldehyde during alcohol metabolism, which are associated with unpleasant effects after drinking alcohol and a decreased risk for an AUD.

Medicine

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Cancer, Immunology, Vaccines, Immunotherapy, Genetics, Cell Biology, Molecular Biology, Biotech, Infectious Diseases

Boosting Immune Cell Memory to Improve Vaccines and Cancer Immunotherapy

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In mouse experiments, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have discovered that drugs that activate the cells’ proteasome, or recycling center, tip the balance in favor of memory CD8+ T cells. This approach could be used to improve how well vaccines and immunotherapies work and how long they last.

Medicine

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health delivery science program, masters in health delivery science, value of healthcare, measuring healthcare values , health delivery science

Cedars-Sinai Graduate Program Launches Master’s Degree in Health Delivery Science to Better Harness, Analyze Health Information

Doctors, pharmacists and other healthcare professionals are heading back to school at Cedars-Sinai, joining the first class of a new, accredited master’s degree program in health delivery science, offering an advanced curriculum focused on measuring and improving the value of healthcare.







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