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Medicine

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Glasgow Coma Scale, Mayo FOUR score, Neurology, Telehealth, Telemedicine

Assessment of Comatose Patients Through Telemedicine Efforts Shown to Be Reliable

Reliable assessment of comatose patients in intensive care units is critical to the patients’ care. Providers must recognize clinical status changes quickly to undertake proper interventions. But does the provider need to be in the same room as the patient, or can robotic telemedicine be used successfully to complete the assessment? According to a research study conducted at Mayo Clinic Hospital in Arizona, published in Telemedicine and e-Health, the answer is yes.

Medicine

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pain, IASP, Teenagers, Pain Sensitivity, Brain, Brain responses, Risk Factors, Pain complaints, Candy

Study in Teens Shows That Brain Responses to Rewards Are Linked to Pain Sensitivity

Patterns of brain responses to rewards are a significant predictor of pain symptoms—a link that is already present by adolescence—and may be influenced by gene variants affecting pain sensitivity, reports a study in PAIN®, the official publication of the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP). The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

Medicine

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Professor Antonio Terracciano, Luca Passamonti, human connectome project, University Of Cambridge, Florida State University, FSU, Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, Cortex, Brain Anatomy

FSU Research Links Brain Shape to Personality Differences

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The shape of your brain can influence personality traits, according to a new study published in the journal Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience.

Medicine

Science

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MRE, Magnetic Resonance Elastography, pituitary tumors, Palpation, Transphenoidal, Cancer, shear waves, stiffnes, Brain Cancer, craniotom, Imaging, Biomedical Imaging

Imaging Technique Measures Tumor Stiffness to Aid Surgical Planning

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An important step in planning tumor surgery includes assessing the tumor stiffness to aid in surgical planning. Because tumors within the skull cannot be examined non-invasively, researchers used Magnetic Resonance Elastography (MRE) to assess pituitary tumor stiffness. MRE reliably identified tumors that were soft enough for removal with a minimally-invasive suction technique versus harder tumors requiring more invasive surgery.

Medicine

Science

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Biology, Neurological Diseases, Parkinson's Disease, Whitehead Institute, MIT

New Clues on the Base of Parkinson’s Disease and Other “Synucleinopathies”

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Parkinson’s disease (PD) and other “synucleinopathies” are known to be linked to the misfolding of alpha-synuclein protein in neurons. Less clear is how this misfolding relates to the growing number of genes implicated in PD through analysis of human genetics. Researchers affiliated with Whitehead Institute and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) explain how they used a suite of novel biological and computational methods to shed light on the question.

Medicine

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Autism, Applied Behavioral Analysis, ABA therapy, ABA, autism and education, Autism Treatment And Research, Autism Treatment

Understanding Motivations for Behavior Can Be Helpful for Children with Autism

For many families, normal activities, such as going to a large family gathering or an amusement park, can be difficult to navigate with a child with autism, as the child may be act out due to being overwhelmed by extra noises and stimulation. To help families deal with such situations, specialists at the University of Missouri Thompson Center for Autism and Neurodevelopmental Disorders have been successfully integrating applied behavior analysis (ABA), the science of understanding why people behave in various ways and how understanding those motivations can shape behavior.

Medicine

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Neuroscience, Caltech, University Of North Carolina

Caltech Researcher David Anderson Wins Perl-UNC Neuroscience Prize

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The UNC School of Medicine has awarded the 17th Perl-UNC Neuroscience Prize to David Anderson, PhD, the Seymour Benzer Professor of Biology at the California Institute of Technology for “his discovery of neural circuit mechanisms controlling emotional behaviors.”

Medicine

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Concussion, concussion awarenes, Concussions, concussions youth sports, Concussions in teens, concussion care, Concussion Guidelines, concussion in sport, Football Helmets, Football helmets, concussions, biomedical engineering, CTE, TBI, traumatic brain injuries, traumatic brain injury (TBI), Sports Safety, Sports Science, Mechanical Engineering, materials

Partnership to Deliver Safer Football Helmets Announced

UAB and VICIS have each made major strides in developing next generation football helmets in response to the growing concussion crisis, and they have partnered to combine expertise and intellectual property to bring more effective helmets to the market.

Medicine

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Antidepressant

Brain Scan Before Antidepressant Therapy May Predict Response

A functional MRI brain scan may help predict which patients will respond positively to antidepressant therapy, according to a new study published in the journal Brain.

Medicine

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Alzheimer's Disease, Journal Of Alzheimer's Disease, Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation Studies in Alzheimer’s Disease Pose Ethical Challenges

Promising, early studies of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease have paved a path for future clinical trials, but there are unique ethical challenges with this vulnerable population regarding decision making and post-study treatment access that need to be addressed as they ramp up, Penn Medicine researchers argue in a new review in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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UTHealth Researchers Pinpoint Area of Brain Linked to Bipolar Disorder

A volume decrease in specific parts of the brain’s hippocampus – long identified as a hub of mood and memory processing – was linked to bipolar disorder in a study led by researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth). The research was published today in Molecular Psychiatry, part of the Nature Publishing Group.

Medicine

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Researchers Discover Potential New Target for Treating Glioblastoma

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Scientists have found a way to inhibit the growth of glioblastoma, a type of brain cancer with low survival rates, by targeting a protein that drives growth of brain tumors, according to research from the Peter O’Donnell Jr. Brain Institute and Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Science

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Computational Neuroscience, neural oscillations, oscillations, brain process, Neurons, nonlinear oscillator, mathematical model, Leandro M. Alonso, Chaos

Modeling the Rhythmic Electrical Activities of the Brain

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Researchers studying the brain have long been interested in its neural oscillations, the rhythmic electrical activity that plays an important role in the transmission of information within the brain’s neural circuits. Working with the Wilson-Cowan model, a widely-used model in computational neuroscience that describes the average activity of populations of interconnected neurons, Leandro Alonso has designed a new mathematical tool to help explore the broad spectrum of responses possible from a simple neural circuit. Alonso explains his findings this week in the journal Chaos.

Medicine

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Sleep, Sleep Apnea, Sleep Deprivation, sleep deprived, Football, Athletes, Performance, concussion, Adolescent

Sleep Apnea Can Influence Football Players' Performance, Concussion Recovery

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Medicine

Channels:

Concussion, Head Injury, Football, Superbowl, CTE, Chronic traumatic encephalopathy, Sports

Head Injuries in Football Can Cause Unexpected Consequences Years Later

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Medicine

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Nilotinib, Alzheimers disease, Clinical Trials, neurotherapeutics, Drug Discovery

Georgetown Clinical Trial of Nilotinib in Alzheimer’s Disease Begins

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A clinical trial to examine the effect of nilotinib on clinical outcomes and biomarkers in people with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease has opened at Georgetown University Medical Center.

Medicine

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Concussion, Peripheral Vision, Neurology, Sport Medicine, post-concussion symptoms, post-concussion

Post-Concussion, Study Shows Peripheral Vision Reaction Times Substantially Impaired

A University of Cincinnati study reported that patients who sustained a concussion, followed by symptoms of visual dysfunction, experienced delayed central and peripheral vision reaction times.

Medicine

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pm1, TDP-43, Alzheimer's Disease, ALS, Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders, neuronal disease, mitochondrial dysfunction

This Man Is Revolutionizing Our Understanding of Motor Neuron Diseases and Dementias

Xinglong Wang’s team published a study in the January 2017 issue of Molecular Therapy that is seen as confirming the relevance of this neurotoxic pathway, according to an accompanying editorial by Eloise Hudry, PhD, of the Alzheimer’s Disease Research Unit at Harvard Medical School. This paper also confirms TDP-43 inhibition as a viable therapeutic option for the treatment of neurologic disorders, including Alzheimer disease.

Science

Channels:

panpsychism, Physics, non-invasive brain stimulation technologies, quantum brain biology, man-machine, philosophy of mind

The Science of Consciousness, June 5-10, 2017

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'The Science of Consciousness' ('TSC') is the world's largest and longest-running interdisciplinary conference on all aspects of the nature of conscious awareness, feelings and existence.

Medicine

Channels:

Neuroscience, PTSD, Hippocampus, CA1, Neuropeptide Y, Anxiety Disorders, Neurobiology

Researchers Describe a Novel Underlying Mechanism Involved in PTSD and Other Anxiety Disorders

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Neurobiologist Lynn Dobrunz, Ph.D., has discovered a novel mechanism for how stress-induced anxiety — the type of experience that can produce post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD — affects circuit function in the hippocampus, the area of the brain where aversive memories are formed.







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