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Medicine

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drinking and driving, DWI, Intoxication, bar drinkers, BRAC, Breath Alcohol Concentrations, Nightclub, Restaurants, Self Assessment

Which Bar Patrons Underestimate Their Inebriation the Most?

Prior research suggests that college students, males, and people drinking alcohol at restaurants, bars, and nightclubs are at particularly high risk for driving after drinking. Breath-testing devices are not usually found at these drinking establishments, so patrons generally assess their own intoxication levels using internal (feelings of intoxication) and external (number of drinks consumed) cues. This study examined bar patrons’ self-estimates of their breath alcohol concentrations (BrACs) in natural drinking environments.

Medicine

Science

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HIVAIDS, Alcohol Use, Antiretroviral Therapy, risky drinking, Medication Adherence, Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence

At-Risk Alcohol Use Predicts Lower Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy among Persons with HIV/AIDS

Advancements in antiretroviral therapy (ART) have allowed people living with HIV/AIDS to maintain a quality of life similar to those without HIV infection. Medication adherence is key, however, as non-adherence to ART can lead to poorer HIV suppression, decreased CD4 cell count, and an increased risk for antiretroviral drug resistance. Prior research has shown that alcohol use is common among persons living with HIV/AIDS, and that the rate of current heavy drinking may be almost double that of the general population. This study examined whether “at-risk” alcohol use – defined as more than three drinks per day for women and more than four drinks per day for men – was associated with ART non-adherence among persons living with HIV/AIDS.

Medicine

Science

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Binge Drinking, alcohol use disorders, rodent study, young adult, steady drinking, daily drinking, compulsive drinking

Binge Drinking Accelerates Alcohol Use Disorder, but Stable Daily Drinking May Be Just as Risky in the Long-Term

Prior research suggests that binge drinking may increase people’s risk of developing alcohol use disorders (AUDs), especially adolescents and young adults. It is unclear whether different drinking patterns – for example, intermittent versus regular drinking –have a different impact on the compulsive drinking that characterizes people with AUDs. This study used rats to examine whether chronic intermittent alcohol access facilitates a transition to compulsive-like drinking.

Medicine

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On the Offensive Against Opioids

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UND Clinical Social Worker Thomasine Heitkamp scores $3.8 million grant to combat drug addiction

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Opioids, Social Work

Opioid Drug Crisis Spurs Demand for Social Workers

Due in part to the opioid drug epidemic, a degree in social work has become an even hotter ticket to a job.

Medicine

Science

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Cocaine Abuse, Cocaine Addiction, cocaine use, Drug Abuse, overdose deaths, Seratonin, Addiction, Addiction research, psychostimulant, Florida, Neuroscience, Dopamine, addiction treatment, Research & Development

Study Illuminates Serotonin Contributions to Cocaine’s Allure

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A new study reinforces long-held suspicions that the brain chemical serotonin, a molecule usually associated with mood, appetite and libido, makes a direct contribution to the actions of cocaine. Scientists can now clearly see details of how the brain uses serotonin not just to regulate mood, but also to drive both rapid and long-lasting changes in the brain. They suspect these changes may contribute to the brain modifications that ultimately trap users in an addicted state.

Medicine

Science

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Smartphone technology, risky drinking, drinking decisions, phone-sensor data, drinking intervention, Big Brother

Innovative Smartphone Technology Can Let You Know When You’re Drinking Too Much

Some individuals struggle to make healthy decisions about their drinking in risky situations. Technology can help. Researchers are finding ways by which digital interventions can help people make smarter drinking decisions, leading to reduced alcohol-related injuries and illness. These findings will be shared at the 40th annual scientific meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) in Denver June 24-28.

Medicine

Science

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Homeless Youth, Alcohol Use, Victimization, Gender Differences, Homeless females, Vulnerability, childhood victimization, Substance Use

Alcohol Use Among Homeless Youth Due to Victimization Varies by Gender and Type of Abuse

Unaccompanied homeless youth, especially females, have high rates of sexual and physical victimization – both before and after leaving home. These findings and others will be shared at the 40th annual scientific meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) in Denver June 24-28.

Medicine

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Health And Medicine, Science And Technology, Education

More Than Half of All Opioid Prescriptions Go to People with Mental Illness

Fifty-one percent of all opioid medications distributed in the U.S. each year are prescribed to adults with mood disorders such as depression and anxiety, according to new research from the University of Michigan and the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Addiction, Drugs, Opioids, Dependency, Substance Abuse, Neuroscience, Brain, Psychology, Brain Science, Behavior

Researchers Examine Brain Region That Affects Drug Use Habits

University of Iowa researchers have identified a brain region involved in cocaine addiction. The findings could lead to targeted drugs or improved behavioral treatments for substance addiction, including opioid dependency. Findings published in the Journal of Neuroscience.







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