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Medicine

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Matthew Johnson , cocaine , Sex, Condom, Sexual, sexually transmitted, STI, STD, HIV

Study Affirms That Cocaine Makes Users More Likely to Risk Unsafe Sex

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Cocaine use has long been tied anecdotally to higher-than-usual rates of impulsive behavior, including risky sex, but the tie-in has been difficult to study with any scientifically controlled rigor.

Medicine

Science

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Cytokines, Immune System, Alcohol Dependence, Stress, alcohol craving, Anxiety, problem drinkers, biological response, motivation to drink, immuno suppresion

Immune System Suppression May Be Related to Problem Drinking

Cytokines are small proteins in the immune system that act as chemical messengers between cells. Prior research suggests that pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines are dysfunctional during alcohol dependence and may contribute to the progression from healthy to problem drinking. This study compared social and non-dependent problem drinkers on the impact of alcohol-related changes in the body’s immune response to stress, alcohol-cue induced craving and anxiety, motivation to drink, and alcohol consumption.

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TSRI Scientists Show Deep Brain Stimulation Blocks Heroin Relapse in Rats

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Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have found that deep brain stimulation (DBS) can greatly reduce the compulsion to use heroin in standard rat models of addiction.

Medicine

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Gastroenterology And Hepatology, Liver Disease, Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

ACG Guideline on Evaluation of Abnormal Liver Chemistries Recommends “New Normal” for Serum ALT Levels

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A new clinical guideline from the American College of Gastroenterology offers the first recommendations in over 10 years on the evaluation of abnormal liver chemistries. For the first time in a liver test guideline, the authors define a normal healthy serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level for women and men (up to 25 IU/L for women, up to 33 IU/L for men) and recommend that levels above this should be assessed by physicians.

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UNH Research Finds Deaths Involving Drugs, Alcohol and Suicide Are on the Rise

Nationwide, the mortality rate from deaths caused by drugs, alcohol and suicide rose 52 percent from 2000 to 2014, according to new research from the Carsey School of Public Policy at the University of New Hampshire. Most of the increase was driven by a surge in prescription opioid and heroin overdoses.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Youth Violence, Drug Abuse, Alcohol Abuse, Weapon, Public Health, adolescent alcohol problems , Adolescence, Suicide

Intimate Partner Violence Among Youth Linked to Suicide, Weapons and Drug Use

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Adolescents who are violent toward their romantic partners are also more likely to think about or attempt suicide, carry a weapon, threaten others with a weapon and use drugs or alcohol than peers in non-violent relationships, according to new research from the University of Georgia.

Medicine

Science

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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Alcohol Use Disorder, American Indian, Alaskan natives , Men and alcohol

Posttraumatic Stress and Alcohol Use Disorders Hit American-Indian and Alaskan-Native Men the Hardest

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can develop after a traumatic event or events. Although it is most often associated with military personnel exposed to the trauma of combat, it can also disproportionately affect vulnerable American Indian and Alaskan-Native (AI/AN) populations. Because alcohol use disorders (AUDs) also have a disproportionate impact on AI/ANs, this study compared both lifetime PTSD and past-year AUD among AI/ANs and non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs).

Medicine

Science

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Alcohol Use, Suicide, Motor Vehicle Crashes, alcohol and other drugs, Cocaine, Depressive Symptoms

Combined Use of Alcohol and Cocaine May Play a Unique Role in Suicide Risk

Alcohol use can be found in suicide deaths and unintentional deaths due to injuries such as those from motor vehicle collisions (MVCs). The authors of this study argue that it is important to distinguish between the roles that alcohol may play in the two different types of deaths. Consequently, they compared postmortem toxicology results for alcohol and other drugs, alone and in combination, in suicide and MVC deaths.

Medicine

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Tobacco Control, Roswell Park Cancer Institute

More than a Quarter of U.S. Adults, Roughly 9 Percent of U.S. Youth Use Tobacco

BUFFALO, N.Y. — More than 1 in 4 adults and nearly 1 in 10 youth use tobacco, according to findings from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, published online ahead of print in the New England Journal of Medicine. The PATH Study, established in 2011 through collaboration between the National Institutes of Health’s National Institute on Drug Abuse and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s Center for Tobacco Products, is a uniquely large, nationally representative longitudinal study designed to examine tobacco use behaviors and health among the U.S. population over multiple years of follow-up. The PATH Study is being conducted by Westat of Rockville, Md., with Roswell Park Cancer Institute as the scientific lead.

Medicine

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Buprenorphine, mat, Opioid Use Disorder, Telepsychiatry, Retention

Good Outcomes with 'Telepsychiatry' in Medical Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder

For people with opioid use disorder receiving medication treatment with buprenorphine, a telepsychiatry approach—using videoconferencing as an alternative to in-person group sessions—provides similar clinical outcomes, reports a study in the Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.







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