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Medicine

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Sarcoidosis, Lung Disease, Pulmonary Disease, Nicotine, Nicotine Patch, Research Trial, Clinical Trial, Ohio State

Clinical Study Asks: Can Nicotine Help Treat a Chronic Lung Disease?

Doctors believe there is some good to be found in nicotine, the highly addictive drug in tobacco products. Lung experts at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center are testing whether nicotine can help people with a chronic inflammatory lung disease called sarcoidosis.

Medicine

Science

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Given the Choice, Zebrafish Willingly Dose Themselves with Opioids

Researchers at University of Utah Health devised a system that allowed zebrafish to self-administer doses of hydrocodone, an opioid commonly prescribed to people for pain, to study drug dependency.

Medicine

Science

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maternal alcohol use, age at motherhood, risky drinking, Young Mothers, alcohol limits, Physician Advice

Younger Mothers Are More Likely to Engage in Risky Drinking During and After Pregnancy

People tend to adjust behaviors across their lifespans as they adopt new roles – such as marriage or parenting – that are incompatible with prior behaviors. The transition to parenthood appears to be particularly relevant for women, leading to a reduction in alcohol consumption. This study of maternal alcohol use is the first to focus on age at transition to motherhood as a predictor of trajectories of risky drinking during a 17-year span.

Medicine

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Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Maratos-Flier

Research Reveals Potential Target for Alcohol Liver Disease

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BOSTON - Drinking too much alcohol can damage the liver, but investigators have discovered a protective response in the organ that might be targeted to help treat alcoholic liver disease. The team - led by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), in collaboration with colleagues at the University of Pennsylvania - also found that the same protective response may be involved in aversion to alcohol and could therefore help in the treatment of alcoholism.

Medicine

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New Vaccine Could Someday Fight the Effects of Opioid Combinations

Substance abuse is a continuing problem in the U.S., particularly with heroin and other opioids, to the point of being an epidemic. Treatments exist, but far too often patients relapse with devastating impacts on themselves and those around them. Now, scientists report that they have made progress toward a vaccine against the effects of fentanyl, a synthetic opioid, in combination with heroin.

Medicine

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Health, Disease Development, opoid addiction, HIV, Hepatitis C

WVU Researchers, Health Professionals Lead New Effort to Prevent HIV and Hepatitis C Outbreaks Related to Opioid Epidemic

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When communities face epidemics of drug abuse, a wave of infectious diseases often follows, including hepatitis and HIV. A new federally-funded program in southern West Virginia, led by West Virginia University, will seek to interrupt that cycle. 

Medicine

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Migraine, Headache, Disparities, disparities in healthcare, Neuro, Neurology, Opioids, opioid prescribing

Study: Opioids Overused in Migraine Treatment, Regardless of Race

African-Americans are more likely to experience debilitating migraine headaches than whites, but a new study probing the issue found no evidence of racial disparities in treatment practices. Instead, researchers report a different finding that affects everyone: opioid overuse.

Medicine

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UAMS, University Of Arkansas For Medical Sciences, Bradley Martin, Dr. Bradley Martin, UAMS College of Pharmacy, The Journal Of Pain, Anuj Shah, Corey Hayes, Pharm.D., Division of Pharmaceutical Evaluation and Policy, logn-term opioid use, Opioids, opioid abuse

Day-Supply of Prescribed Opioids Most Decisive Factor in Likelihood of Long-Term Use

The single biggest factor determining whether a patient is likely to use opioids long term may be the number of days’ supply initially prescribed, according to a study by UAMS researchers.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Pot, Marijuana, Marijuana Use, marijuana smokers, Youth, teens and drugs, Binghamton, Binghamton University, SUNY Binghamton, State University of New York at Binghamton, marijuana risks, Substance Abuse, substance abuse treatment, Treatment Facilities, Rehab, Rehabiliation, marijuana legalization, Drugs, illegal drugs

Marijuana Use Amongst Youth Stable, but Substance Abuse Admissions Up

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While marijuana use amongst youth remains stable, youth admission to substance abuse treatment facilities has increased, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Opioid Abuse Epidemic, Opioids, Drug Treatment, Donald Trump

WashU Expert: Opioid Emergency Needs Science-Based Solutions

President Donald Trump declaring the opioid epidemic a national emergency is an important statement and first step toward admitting a problem, said an expert on opioid addiction at Washington University in St. Louis, while warning that without science-informed solutions and plans of action, the epidemic will worsen.The nation has seen three drug epidemics, said David Patterson Silver Wolf, associate professor at the Brown School and an expert on substance use disorder treatment services.







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