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Medicine

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age-related macular degeneration, AMD, Macular Degeneration

Fluctuations of Sex Steroid Hormone Could be Culprit in Age-Related Macular Degeneration

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Gender-based differences may influence several ocular conditions, suggesting that fluctuations in sex steroid homeostasis may have direct effects on eye physiology and the pathogenesis of conditions like Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD).

Medicine

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Grinding Your Teeth? Botulinum Toxin May Help

People who grind or clench their teeth in their sleep, a condition known as bruxism, may get help from injections of botulinum toxin, according to a small study published in the January 17, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The drug blocks the signals that tell muscles to contract.

Science

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, New Phytologist, Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Dioxide Atmosphere, carbon dioxide (CO2), Arctic, Photosynthesis, Photosynthetic, photosynthetic capacity, Biosphere, Model, Simulation, Computer Simulation, Computer Simulations, carbon uptake, Carbon, Climate Change, plants and climate cha

Arctic Photosynthetic Capacity and Carbon Dioxide Assimilation Underestimated by Terrestrial Biosphere Models

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New measurements offer data vital to projecting plant response to environmental changes.

Science

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, Argonne National Laboratory, Geoderma, soil, Soils, Alaska, Environment, Carbon, Carbon Storage, spectroscopic measurements, spectroscopic, Spectroscopy, Organic Matter, organic material, organic materials, diffuse reflectance Fourier transform mid-infrared spectroscopy, DRIFT sp

DRIFTing to Fast, Precise Data

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Non-destructive technique identifies key variations in Alaskan soils, quickly providing insights into carbon levels.

Science

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Climate Change, SNOW, Snowmelt , Humidity, Ablation, Sublimation

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 22-Jan-2018 3:00 PM EST

Science

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collective computation, Animal Behavior, Complexity

How Living Systems Compute Solutions to Problems

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No individual fish or bee or neuron has enough information by itself to solve a complex problem, but together they can accomplish amazing things. In research recently published in Science Advances, Eleanor Brush (University of Maryland), David Krakauer, and Jessica Flack address how this is possible through a study of the emergence of social structure in primate social groups.

Science

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Concrete, Fungi, Fungus, Infrastructure, Construction, Building, Building Materials, Mechanical Engineering, Engineering, Cracks, Sustainability, self-healing materials, Self-Healing , Human Body, Trichoderma reesei, Binghamton, SUNY Binghamton, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton University

Self-Healing Fungi Concrete Could Provide Sustainable Solution to America’s Crumbling Infrastructure

A new self-healing fungi concrete, co-developed by researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York, could help repair cracks in aging concrete permanently, and help save America’s crumbling infrastructure.

Science

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Saturn, Titan, Astronomy, MAP, Topography, Space, Cornell University, NASA

Titan Topographic Map Unearths Cookie-Cutter Holes in Moon’s Surface

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Using the now-complete Cassini data set, Cornell University astronomers have created a new global topographic map of Saturn’s moon Titan that has opened new windows into understanding its liquid flows and terrain. Two papers, recently published in Geophysical Review Letters, describe the map and discoveries arising from it.

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Scale-Eating Fish Adopt Clever Parasitic Methods to Survive

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A small group of fishes — possibly the world’s cleverest carnivorous grazers — feeds on the scales of other fish in the tropics. A team led by biologists at the University of Washington’s Friday Harbor Laboratories is trying to understand these scale-feeding fish and how this odd diet influences their body evolution and behavior.

Medicine

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Joint Replacement, Physical Therapy, Knee Replacement, Hip Replacement, Hospital For Special Surgery

Study: Patients Benefit From One-on-One Education and Custom Microsite Before Joint Replacement

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A Hospital for Special Surgery study finds that patients who had an education session with a physical therapist and access to a web-based microsite prior to joint replacement achieved physical therapy goals more quickly compared to patients who did not have the session or access to the site.







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