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Science

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Food, global food security, seed banks, Plant Genetics

To Feed the Future, Mine the Wealth of the World’s Seed Banks Today

With fewer than a dozen flowering plants out of 300,000 species accounting for 80 percent of humanity’s caloric intake, people need to tap unused plants to feed the world in the near future, claims Cornell University plant geneticist Susan McCouch in the Comment feature of the July 4 issue of Nature.

Science

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China, nutrient management, Nutrient Pollution, Water Quality, Food Security

Balancing Food Security and Environmental Quality in China

A special section in the Journal of Environmental Quality details the challenges China faces today in managing nutrient losses from crop and livestock production, and how the country must shift from a sole focus on food security to a triple emphasis on food security, efficient use of resources, and environmental protection.

Science

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Kansas State University, K-State Research and Extension, Barbara Valent, rice blast research, wheat blast research, Food Security, Magnaporthe ory, Nature Communications, secretory systems in plants, Nicholas Talbot, University Of Exeter

Rice Blast Research Reveals Details on How a Fungus Invades Plants

Like a stealthy enemy, blast disease invades rice crops around the world, killing plants and cutting production of one of the most important global food sources. Now, a study by an international team of researchers sheds light on how the rice blast fungus, Magnaporthe oryzae, invades plant tissue. The finding is a step toward learning how to control the disease, which by some estimates destroys enough rice to feed 60 million people annually.

Science

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crop diversity , crop wild relatives, plant biodiversity, Conservation, Food Crops, Food Security, Plant Breeding, Endangered Species

U.S. A Surprisingly Large Reservoir of Crop Plant Diversity

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North America isn’t known as a hotspot for crop plant diversity, yet a new inventory has uncovered nearly 4,600 wild relatives of crop plants in the United States, including close relatives of globally important food crops such as sunflower, bean, sweet potato, and strawberry.

Science

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Plant Biology, Plant Growth, Biofuels, Food Security, Hydrogen Sulfide, Mass Extinction

Key Ingredient in Mass Extinctions Could Boost Food, Biofuel Production

In low doses, hydrogen sulfide, a substance implicated in several mass extinctions, could greatly enhance plant growth, leading to a sharp increase in global food supplies and plentiful stock for biofuel production, new University of Washington research shows.

Science

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millet, cereal grains, Grains, Famine, Food Security, gluten-free

Research Shows Great Promise for Millet Grains

Climate change, water scarcity, increasing world population, and rising food prices are only some of the socioeconomic factors that threaten agriculture and food security worldwide, especially for disadvantaged populations that live in arid and sub-arid regions. In the May issue of Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, published by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), researchers looked into how millet grains serve as a major food component for millions of people in these countries, as well as for people with special diet needs and those seeking foods high in nutrients.

Science

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academy of nutrition and dietetics, American Dietetic Association, registered dietitian, registered dietitian nutritionist, nutrient deficiency, Vitamin Deficiency, mineral deficiency, Food Security, Nutrition Security, stacia nordin, marie boyle, college of saint elizabeth, teresa kemmer, South Dakota State University, Sustainable

Access to Safe, Nutritious Food and Water Is Fundamental Human Right: Updated Position of Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

Consistent access to safe, nutritious and culturally appropriate food and water is a fundamental human right, and is particularly important in helping developing nations to achieve food and nutrition security, according to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics in its newly updated position paper, Nutrition Security in Developing Nations: Sustainable Food, Water and Health.

Medicine

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Hunger and health, hunger in America, Food Insecurity, Food Security

Addressing Hunger Essential to Improving Health

Food insecurity, or an inadequate intake of food due to lack of resources, affected almost one in six U.S. households in 2011. Overall, more than 50 million people, including almost 17 million children, suffer from food security issues at some time each year. In Ohio, more than 2 million residents are experiencing food insecurity. In this white paper, we examine the extent of hunger in America, the inextricable links of hunger to poor health, and the need to consider hunger as a health issue to make the changes needed.

Science

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First Global Assessment of Land and Water ‘Grabbing’ Published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

A new study currently published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science provides the first global quantitative assessment of land and water “grabbing” for food production by wealthier nations in generally poorer countries.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

Food Insecurity, Obesity And Kids, Hunger, food donations, University Of Houston, Texas Obesity Research Center

Holiday Festivities Shine Light on Food Insecurity

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Daphne Hernandez, assistant professor of health and human performance at the University of Houston, urges all to be mindful of those who live with need all year, particularly families who are “food insecure.” According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Core Food Security Module, “food insecurity” reflects rationing, portion control and inability to offer families balanced meals.







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