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Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Alcohol Abuse, Alcohol Addiction, alcholism, Substance Abuse, Addiction, Counseling, Behavior, Social Science

Trusting Relationship with Counselor Vital to Successful Alcohol Treatment

Patients who reported the most positive relationships with their counselors on a session-to-session basis had fewer days of drinking and fewer days of heavy drinking between treatment sessions than patients whose relationship was not as positive. The results indicate that efforts to ensure a good match between patient and counselor can have considerable benefits to the patient’s recovery.

Medicine

Science

Channels:

alcoholic liver disease, Binge Drinking, heavy drinking, rodent study, liver dysfunction, Liver Damage, Fatty Liver

Think Binge Drinking Is Safer for Your Liver Than Regular Heavy Drinking? Think Again.

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) occurs on a spectrum of severity. The majority of people who drink excessively develop a fatty liver, which though often symptom free, can progress to a state of inflammation, fibrosis, and cell death that can be fatal. Little is known about liver disruption that may occur in problem drinkers who are not alcohol dependent. To help understand the development of ALD, this study used a rodent model to examine differences in liver damage between binge drinkers and heavy drinkers.

Medicine

Channels:

Opioids, opioid abuse, Opioid Abuse Epidemic, Opioid Addiction

UVA Slashes Opioid Use While Improving Pain Scores, Study Finds

A study of more than 100,000 surgical cases at University of Virginia Health System found patients’ pain scores improved even as doctors gave fewer opioids. As health officials across the U.S. look for ways to combat a opioid addiction crisis, UVA researchers believe their findings highlight one way to address the problem.

Medicine

Channels:

Mount Sinai Health System, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Oxycodone, RGS9-2, Chronic Pain, brain reward center, Analgesia, Mu Opioid, opioid receptor signaling, opioid receptors, acute pain, Morphine, Neuropathic Pain

Key Signaling Protein Associated with Addiction Controls the Actions of Oxycodone in Pain-Free and Chronic Pain States

RGS9-2, a key signaling protein in the brain known to play a critical role in the development of addiction-related behaviors, acts as a positive modulator of oxycodone reward in both pain-free and chronic pain states

Medicine

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Death Penalty, Execution, Lethal Injection, lethal injection drugs, Capital Punishment, Supreme Court, American Univerity, Crime, Murder, Robbery, School of Communication, Justice, Law And Society, grief and loss, Richmond, Virginia, Richmond, Va., Chesterfield County, Virginia

Expert Available to Join Lethal Injection Debate and Discuss Ricky Gray Execution

Medicine

Channels:

Affordable Care Act (ACA), Health Insurance, medicaid expansion, Mental Health, Substance Abuse

More with Mental Illness and Substance Use Disorders Have Health Insurance

Significantly more people with mental illness and substance use disorders had insurance coverage in 2014 due to the expansion of health insurance under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), but many barriers to treatment remain, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

Medicine

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Seeing Vape Pen in Use Boosts Desire to Smoke Among Young Adults

The newer e-cigarette vape pens (AKA vaporizers) may not look like cigarettes, but they stimulate the urge to smoke as powerfully as watching someone smoke a traditional tobacco cigarette.

Medicine

Channels:

Coronary plaque regression, cocaine use, Noncalcified coronary plaque volume index, Contrast enhanced coronary CT angiograp, Cash-based incentive intervention

Decreasing Cocaine Use Leads to Regression of Coronary Artery Disease

People who use cocaine regularly are at high risk of coronary artery disease. A study in the Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM), reports that stopping or reducing cocaine use can potentially reverse the process of coronary atherosclerosis. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

Video Games, video games and addiciton, Social Media, Instant Messaging, Mental Health

In Teens, Strong Friendships May Mitigate Depression Associated with Excessive Video Gaming

Teenagers who play video games for more than four hours a day suffer from symptoms of depression, but frequent use of social media and instant messaging may mitigate symptoms of game addiction in these teens, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests.

Medicine

Channels:

Alcohol Abuse, Elder Care, Alcoholism, Depression, Health, Social Work

Problem Drinking in Older Adults

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Older adults suffering from multiple chronic health conditions and depression are nearly five times as likely to be problem drinkers as older adults with the same conditions and no depression.







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