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Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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neighborhood environment, Alcohol Use

Where You Live May Impact How Much You Drink

Neighborhoods with greater poverty and disorganization may play a greater role in problem drinking than the availability of bars and stores that sell hard liquor, a University of Washington-led study has found.

Medicine

Science

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Startle Response, eye blink reflex, defensive measure, emotional processing, Alcohol Problems, Alcohol Use Disorder, clinical marker, reward motivation

The Blink of an Eye May Predict Risk for Alcohol Problems

The startle response, often recorded as an eye-blink reflex, is a defensive measure believed to reflect emotional processing. Patients with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) show abnormal startle-reflex responses to alcohol-related stimuli. This study examined startle-reflex responses to various visual stimuli among heavy drinkers, and assessed whether certain patterns predict the development of AUDs four years later.

Medicine

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Elder Abuse, Older Adults, aging, Geriatrics

Seniors Who Live with Their Abusers Often Suffer Recurrent Abuse

Older adults who have been hospitalized for injuries from an assault are more likely to experience subsequent physical abuse if they are female, widowed, diagnosed with dementia, or return home to live with the perpetrator, according to a new study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Bullying, Adolescence, Depression, Alcohol, Marijuana, Healthcare, Psychology, Human Development

Bullying's Lasting Impact

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A new study led by the University of Delaware found that kids who are bullied in fifth grade often suffer from depression and begin using alcohol and other substances years after the initial incidents.

Medicine

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Opioids, opioid abuse, Opioid Abuse Epidemic

New Canadian Clinical Guideline for Physicians Tapers Down Use of Opioids

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There are important risks associated with opioids. The guideline aspires to promote evidence-based prescribing of opioids for chronic non-cancer pain.

Medicine

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Secondhand Smoke Ups Heart Disease in Unique Group of Female Nonsmokers – Amish Women

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Research at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, conducted in a Pennsylvania Amish community where virtually no women smoke, finds effects of secondhand smoke differ between men and women.

Medicine

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Alzheimer's disease, dementia, Addiction, Pain Relief, Smoking Cessation

How One Drug Could Affect Pain, Memory and Nicotine Addiction

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Texas A&M researchers are working to develop drugs to enhance the function of these receptors in the brain, which could have three very different applications: easing pain, slowing the cognitive decline associated with Alzheimer’s and making it easier for people to stop smoking.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Substance Abuse, Opioids, Drug Abuse, drug abuse treatment, substance abuse services

RTI International Finds TROSA, an Innovative Substance Abuse Treatment Program, Saves North Carolina $7.5 Million Annually

TROSA, a therapeutic community providing substance abuse treatment and job training, saves North Carolina $7.5 million every year, according to an independent study conducted by RTI International.

Medicine

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Smoking, Tobacco, Young Adults, Canada, University of Montreal, Adolescence, Public Health, anti-smoking

Young Adult Smokers: The Hidden Demographic

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College students and other 18-to-25's aren't getting the attention they need to avoid taking up smoking, says University of Montreal PhD candidate Thierry Gagné, who wrote a paper on the subject.

Medicine

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Cocaine, Prenatal, Crack Cocaine, Addiction, Drugs, Alcohol, Drug Abuse

Prenatal Cocaine Exposure Increases Risk of Higher Teen Drug Use, Trouble Coping with Stress and Likelihood of Addiction

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Mothers smoking crack cocaine during pregnancy—and its lingering effects on their children—are the focus of 20-plus years of ongoing research by Case Western Reserve University







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