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Medicine

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Cancer, liquid biopsy, Genetics, genes, Cancer of Unknown Primary, CUP, Precision Medicine

Blood Biopsy Reveals Unique, Targetable Genetic Alterations in Patients with Rare Cancer

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Using fragments of circulating tumor DNA in blood, University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers were able to identify theoretically targetable genetic alterations in 66 percent of patients with cancer of unknown primary (CUP), a rare disease with seven to 12 cases per 100,000 people each year.

Medicine

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Differentiation, T Cell, gene programs, Embryonic Stem Cells, tran, Epigenetic, Epigenomic, genome topology, Metabolism, Glutamine, alpha-ketoglutarate, ccctc-binding factor, Ctcf

How a Nutrient, Glutamine, Can Control Gene Programs in Cells

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An intracellular metabolite of glutamine regulates cellular differentiation programs by changing the DNA-binding patterns of a transcription factor and by altering genome interactions. Genome context near the binding sites affects whether the binding turns on or turns off gene programs.

Life

Education

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Child Development, Early Childhood, Infants, Education Research, Parenting, Mother and child, NYU Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, NYU Steinhardt

Child’s Home Learning Environment Predicts 5th Grade Academic Skills

Children whose parents provide them with learning materials like books and toys and engage them in learning activities and meaningful conversations in infancy and toddlerhood are likely to develop early cognitive skills that can cascade into later academic success, finds a new study by NYU’s Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

Science

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Solar Panels, Renewable Energy, Nanotechnology, colorful solar panels, Lithography, Efficiency, dielectric nanoscatterers, Verena Neder, Stefan Luxembourg, Albert Polman, University of Amsterdam, AMOLF, ECN Solar Energy

Nanotechnology Gives Green Energy a Green Color

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Solar panels have tremendous potential to provide affordable renewable energy, but many people see traditional black and blue panels as an eyesore. Architects, homeowners and city planners may be more open to the technology if they could install colorful, efficient solar panels, and a new study, published this week in Applied Physics Letters, brings us one step closer. Researchers have developed a method for imprinting existing solar panels with silicon nanopatterns that scatter green light back toward an observer.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Pot, Marijuana, Marijuana Use, marijuana smokers, Youth, teens and drugs, Binghamton, Binghamton University, SUNY Binghamton, State University of New York at Binghamton, marijuana risks, Substance Abuse, substance abuse treatment, Treatment Facilities, Rehab, Rehabiliation, marijuana legalization, Drugs, illegal drugs

Marijuana Use Amongst Youth Stable, but Substance Abuse Admissions Up

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While marijuana use amongst youth remains stable, youth admission to substance abuse treatment facilities has increased, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Medicine

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Cancer, Breast Cancer, Decision Making, contralateral prophylactic mastectomy, double mastectomy

How Decision-Making Habits Influence the Breast Cancer Treatments Women Consider

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A new study finds that more than half of women with early stage breast cancer considered an aggressive type of surgery to remove both breasts. The way women generally approach big decisions, combined with their values, impacts what breast cancer treatment they consider, the study also found.

Medicine

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EMG, Botulinum Toxin A, Chronic Pain, Sciatica

Research Solves Riddle of Effective Treatment for Buttock Pain/Sciatica

Botulinum toxin is of statistically significant benefit for a surprisingly common cause of crippling, often chronic, back pain, sciatica and especially buttock pain.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Threat Detection, Concealed Weapons, Terrorist Attacks, Law Enforcement

Detecting a Concealed Weapon or Threat Is Not Easy, Even for Experienced Police Officers

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Terrorist attacks and bombings underscore the need for accurate threat detection. However, the likelihood of a police officer identifying someone concealing a weapon is only slightly better than chance, according to research from Iowa State University.

Science

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Memory, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Aerobic Fitness, MRE, Brain Imaging, Hippocampus, Elastic, Elastic Waves, Elasticity

Firmer, Fitter Frame Linked to Firmer, Fitter Brain

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To determine why more aerobically fit individuals have better memories, scientists used magnetic resonance elastography (MRE), which measures the elasticity of organs, and found that fit individuals had a firmer, more elastic hippocampus—a region of the brain associated with memory.

Medicine

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Esophageal Cancer, The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, K. Robert Shen, MD, Mayo Clinic, Female patients, Chemoradiation, Society of Thoracic Surgeons

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 22-Aug-2017 12:00 AM EDT







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