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Respiratory Diseases and Disorders

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Medicine

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Tonsil, Adenoids, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (Osa), Heart Damage, Children, Surgery

Simple Surgical Procedure May Help Prevent Heart Damage in Children

Removing enlarged tonsils and adenoids may help prevent high blood pressure and heart damage in children who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), according to a study conducted at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. In some children with OSA, adenotonsillectomy can result in significantly lower blood pressure within 24 months of the procedure.

Medicine

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end-of-life care, Clinicians, Discussion, COPD

Clinicians’ Attention Lacking in Discussions of End-of-Life Care

Clinicians consistently fall short in discussing end-of-life care with patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), according to a study completed by researchers in Washington. The study focused on the communication skills of staff physicians, physician trainees and advanced practice nurses.

Medicine

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Children, Cystic Fibrosis, Lung Function, Bacteria

Bacterial Infection Alone Not an Indicator of Poor Lung Function in Adolescents with CF

Children with cystic fibrosis (CF) who have poor lung function early in life are more likely also to have poor lung function in adolescence, regardless of whether they are exposed to a common infection caused by the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa in early childhood. Earlier studies had indicated infection with the bacteria early in life was strongly associated with poor lung function later on.

Medicine

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COPD, Gene Variant, men, VDR

Gene Variant Linked with Development of COPD in Men

Researchers have linked a variant in the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) with the onset of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Caucasian men. The study population consisted of participants in the Veterans Administration Normative Aging Study, a multidisciplinary study of aging that began in 1963.

Medicine

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COPD, walking distance test, Exercise

‘Walking Distance’ Test an Accurate Indicator of Disease Severity in Patients with COPD

The six-minute walking distance test (6MWD), a test that measures a patient’s ability to tolerate exercise and physical activity, is an effective tool for understanding disease severity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a three-year global study of patients with COPD sponsored by drug manufacturer GlaxoSmithKline.

Medicine

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COPD, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Lung Cells, Lungs, Cell Division

Cell Division Abnormality Contributes to Inflammation in COPD

Changes in the ability of lung cells to divide may play a role in initiating or prolonging lung tissue inflammation, a hallmark of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study conducted by researchers in France.

Medicine

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Lung Cancer, nasal cells, Gene

Gene Expression Changes in Nasal Cells May Help Identify Lung Cancer in Earliest Stages

A simple, minimally-invasive technique using cells from the interior of the nose could help clinicians detect lung cancer in its earliest – and most treatable – stages, according to a study conducted by researchers in Boston.

Medicine

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Asthma, COPD, Drugs, Treatment

Researchers Move Closer to Identifying New Class of Asthma, COPD Drugs

Researchers in Baltimore have identified new compounds which relax airway muscles and may provide relief from shortness of breath for patients with COPD and asthma. The bitter-tasting compounds are at least as, if not more, effective than currently available agents used to manage these diseases, and may present new options for treatment.

Medicine

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CPAP, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (Osa), Quality Of Life, Sleepiness

CPAP Improves Daytime Sleepiness Even in Patients with Low Levels of Symptoms

Continuous positive airway pressure, or CPAP, can increase alertness and even improve quality of life for sufferers of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), even if their symptoms are minimal, according to a study conducted by researchers in Europe. Patients enrolled in the study reported an improvement in daytime sleepiness within six months of beginning CPAP treatment.

Medicine

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CPAP, cardiovascular mortality, Elderly, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (Osa)

CPAP Decreases Cardiovascular Mortality in Elderly Patients

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) effectively decreases the risk of cardiovascular death in elderly patients who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), according to a study conducted by researchers in Spain. The study is the first large-scale study to assess the impact of OSA and the effectiveness of CPAP treatment in cardiovascular mortality in the elderly.







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