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Article ID: 555932

An Autism Diagnosis: Coping, Acceptance & Time Are Key to Moving Forward

Kennedy Krieger Institute

After a child is diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), many parents feel overwhelmed and experience high levels of stress. While this is a very challenging time, there are steps parents can take to accept the diagnosis and move forward.

Released:
8-Sep-2009 9:00 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    4-Sep-2009 12:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 555850

Researchers Identify Critical Gene for Brain Development, Mental Retardation

University of North Carolina Health Care System

Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine have now discovered that establishing the neural wiring necessary to function normally depends on the ability of neurons to make finger-like projections of their membrane called filopodia.

Released:
3-Sep-2009 5:00 PM EDT
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Article ID: 555514

Human Mercury Exposure Increasing

Dan R. Laks (Scientist)

A new analysis of government data on more than 6,000 American women indicates that deposition of mercury within the human population due to chronic mercury exposure is increasing over time, and that deposition of mercury increases with age. The study demonstrates significant associations between chronic mercury exposure and both the immune and endocrine systems that may explain a mechanism for development of associated neurological disease.

Released:
24-Aug-2009 4:00 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    9-Aug-2009 1:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 555001

Unlikely Genetic Suspect Implicated in Common Brain Defect

University of Chicago Medical Center

A genetic search using patients and mouse models has uncovered an unlikely gene involved in Dandy-Walker malformation, a common birth defect which causes mental retardation, motor delays and sometimes autism. This newly discovered function of the gene, which is never expressed in the brain, reveals a novel role for the skull in directing brain development.

Released:
6-Aug-2009 4:00 PM EDT
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Article ID: 554397

The Sounds of Learning: Studying the Impact of Music on Children with Autism

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Children with autism spectrum disorders have great difficulty understanding emotions. For this reason UCLA researchers have developed a music education program designed to help children with ASD better understand emotions and learn to recognize emotions in others.

Released:
20-Jul-2009 2:20 PM EDT
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Autism

Article ID: 554086

Mothers of Children with Autism Have Higher Parental Stress, Psychological Distress

University of Washington

Mothers of children with autism had higher levels of parenting-related stress and psychological distress than mothers of children with developmental delay. Children's problem behavior was associated with increases in both parenting-related stress and distress in both groups, but this relationship was stronger in moms of children with autism.

Released:
8-Jul-2009 1:35 PM EDT
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 553966

New Study Pinpoints Difference in the Way Children with Autism Learn New Behaviors

Kennedy Krieger Institute

Researchers from Kennedy Krieger Institute and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine collaborated on a new study, published in Nature Neuroscience, examining patterns of movement as children with autism and typically developing children learned to control a novel tool. Findings suggest children with autism appear to learn new actions differently than typically developing children.

Released:
6-Jul-2009 9:00 AM EDT
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Article ID: 553766

More Gene Mutations Linked to Autism Risk

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

More pieces in the complex autism inheritance puzzle are emerging in the latest study from a research team including geneticists from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), and several collaborating institutions.

Released:
25-Jun-2009 8:00 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    25-Jun-2009 8:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 553764

More Gene Mutations Linked to Autism Risk

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

More pieces in the complex autism inheritance puzzle are emerging in the latest gene study of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). This study identified 27 different genetic regions where rare copy number variations "“ missing or extra copies of DNA segments "“ occurred in the genes of children with ASDs, but not in healthy controls.

Released:
25-Jun-2009 5:10 PM EDT
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Article ID: 553711

Study Uncovers How Tiny Levels of Carbon Monoxide Damage Fetal Brain

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

A UCLA study has discovered that chronic exposure during pregnancy to miniscule levels of carbon monoxide damages the cells of the fetal brain, resulting in permanent impairment. The journal BMC (BioMed Central) Neuroscience published the findings June 22 in its online edition.

Released:
24-Jun-2009 9:00 PM EDT
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