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Medicine

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hookah, hookah smoking, Smoking, hookah bars, smoke free bans, tobacco bans, tobacco-free policies, hookah cafes, College Campus, Colleges, Health Risks, Lung Cancer, Cancer Causing Chemicals

Hookah Use Widespread Among College Students Study Reveals Mistaken Perception of Safety in Potential Gateway Drug

A new study done by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center sheds light on the increasingly popular pastime of hookah smoking, and the results are discouraging.

Medicine

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Addiction Medicine, Substance Abuse, Medical Training, Physician Training, Physician Certification, Medical residencies, residency accreditation, addiction treatment, Health Care Reform

First Addiction Medicine Residencies Accredited

The American Board of Addiction Medicine Foundation today accredited 10 training programs, the nation’s first post-graduate addiction medicine residencies for physicians.

Medicine

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Alcohol Abuse, Binge Drinking, Addiction Psychiatry

Stronger Alcohol "Buzz" Predicts Future Binge Drinking Problems

For some people, alcohol is a social lubricant. For others, it's an unpleasant downer. New research shows that a person's response to alcohol can predict their future drinking behavior, including their frequency of binge drinking and the risk of developing an alcohol-use disorder.

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Study Identifies Neural Activity Linked to Food Addiction

Persons with an addictive-like eating behavior appear to have greater neural activity in certain regions of the brain similar to substance dependence, including elevated activation in reward circuitry in response to food cues, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the August print issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

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Emergency Department Visits Related to “Ecstasy” Use Increased Nearly 75 Percent from 2004 to 2008

A new national study indicates that the number of hospital emergency visits involving the illicit drug Ecstasy increased from 10,220 in 2004 to 17,865 visits in 2008 – a 74.8 percent increase. According to this new study by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) most of these Ecstasy-related visits (69.3 percent) involved patients aged 18 to 29, but notably 17.9 percent involved adolescents aged 12 to 17.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Substance Abuse Prevention, Drug Abuse, Young Adults, Workplace

New Book Describes Workplace Substance Abuse Prevention Programs for Young Adults

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A new book edited by RTI International and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration describes the adaptation and implementation of workplace substance abuse prevention programs intended for young adults for the Young Adults in the Workplace (YIW) initiative.

Science

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Substance Abuse, GIRK, SNX27

Scientists Crack Molecular Code Regulating Neuronal Excitability

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A key question in protein biochemistry is how proteins recognize "correct" interaction partners in a sea of cellular factors. Nowhere is that more critical to know than in the brain, where interactions governing channel protein activity can alter an organism's behavior. A team of biologists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies has recently deciphered a molecular code that regulates availability of a brain channel that modulates neuronal excitability, a discovery that might aid efforts to treat drug addiction and mental disorders.

Medicine

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Adults Represent a Majority of Inhalant Treatment Admissions

Inhalant abuse is now a multi-generational problem. “Huffing,” or intentionally inhaling a chemical vapor to get “high,” has been thought to be a serious, life-threatening risk primarily among children and adolescents, but a new government study shows that 54 percent of treatment admissions related to inhalants abuse in 2008 involved adults ages 18 or older.

Medicine

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Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Tobacco, Big Tobacco, March, March 23rd, Kick Butts Day, Lung Cancer, New Jersey

New Jersey Experts Available to Address Smoking Cessation, Lung Cancer in Relation to Kick Butts Day

As youth across the nation prepare for the annual “Kick Butts Day” to speak out against “Big Tobacco,” experts from New Jersey’s only NCI Comprehensive Cancer Center are available for comment on cessation efforts, the development of lung cancer and other related effects of smoking.

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Prevalence of Heavy Smokers in U.S. Decreases

From 1965 to 2007, the population prevalence of persons who smoked 20 or more cigarettes per day declined significantly, and there was also a decrease in the prevalence of smoking 10 or more cigarettes a day, with these declines greater in California than in the rest of the U.S., according to a study in the March 16 issue of JAMA.







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