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Underage Drinking-Related Emergency Department Visits Increase More than 250 Percent on New Year’s Day

Hospital emergency department visits involving underage drinking increased more than 250 percent on New Year’s Day according to a new study by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). The brief study shows that on New Year’s Day 2009, there were an estimated 1,980 emergency department visits involving underage drinking, compared to 546 such visits on an average day that year - a 263 percent increase.

Medicine

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New Study Shows Dramatic Shifts in Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Among the States Between 1998 and 2008

Nationwide percentage of treatment admissions primarily linked to alcohol has declined, while the percentage primarily linked to illicit drugs has increased.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Common Method for Smoking Cessation May Not be Best Option

Motivational interviewing, a popular counseling technique for many addictive behaviors, might not be the ideal treatment choice for those who smoke cigarettes. A University of Alabama at Birmingham researcher says the reason might be, well — motivation. In findings published in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Peter S. Hendricks, Ph.D., says that motivational interviewing produced only modest improvement for people in treatment for smoking-cessation. The results were surprising because the technique has been effective for other addictive substances.

Medicine

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Cocaine, Cocaine Abuse, Genetics, Genetics, SNPs, Gene Mutation

Genetic Trait Could Triple Odds of Whites' Susceptibility to Heavy Cocaine Abuse

Nearly one in five whites could carry a genetic variant that substantially increases their odds of being susceptible to severe cocaine abuse, according to new research.

Medicine

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SIDS Spikes on New Year's Day

Not a happy holiday thought, but an important one: The number of babies who die of SIDS, or sudden infant death syndrome, surges by 33 percent on New Year’s Day. The suspected reason? Alcohol consumption by caretakers the night before.

Science

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Alcohol, Alchohol Abuse, Caffeine, Energy Drinks, Substance Abuse, Psychiatry

Researcher Finds That Energy Drinks Lead to Increased Alcohol Consumption

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Dalhousie University researchers have completed a study, published in the Drug and Alcohol Review, that investigates drinking patterns when alcohol and caffeinated energy drinks were combined. They have found that energy drinks basically doubled the amount that people reported drinking alcoholic beverages.

Medicine

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Alcoholism, Alcoholism Treatment, Naltrexone, 12 Step Programs, Systematic Review

Popping a Pill Can Help Some Alcoholics Curb Drinking

A little-used medication can help treat alcoholism, an evidence review confirms, when combined with counseling, 12-step programs or other interventions.

Medicine

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Buprenorphine, Methadone, Opioid, heroin, Pregnant, Fetus

Buprenorphine Is Better than Methadone for Opioid Dependence in Pregnant Women

Using buprenorphine instead of methadone — the current standard of care — to treat opioid-dependent pregnant women may result in healthier babies, suggests new findings from an international team led by Johns Hopkins researchers and published in the Dec. 9 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Medicine

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Researchers Demonstrate Treatment Produces Improved Outcome for Babies Born Addicted

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Babies born into the world addicted to drugs because of their mother's dependence on pain medication, or opioids, may be weaned off the substance more comfortably, with a shorter hospital stay and at a reduced cost, if the mother receives a new treatment option during pregnancy.

Medicine

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In an Average Year 30 Million Americans Drive Drunk – 10 Million Drive Impaired by Illicit Drugs

A new survey by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) indicates that on average 13.2 percent of all persons 16 or older drove under the influence of alcohol and 4.3 percent of this age group drove under the influence of illicit drugs in the past year.







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