Study Provides Score System to Predict Likelihood of Diabetes Remission After Weight-Loss Surgery
Source Newsroom: Geisinger Health System
Newswise — DANVILLE, Pa. – Geisinger researchers have developed a simple scoring system (DiaRem), based on four readily available preoperative patient characteristics, that can predict which candidates for gastric bypass surgery are likely to achieve Type 2 diabetes remission within 5 years. A predictive model is likely to help patients and clinicians better manage the disease and could even save lives.
“Our novel DiaRem score will give patients and physicians a scientifically valid way of assessing the merits of gastric bypass surgery for treating diabetes and deciding whether additional measures should be tak PhDen to improve the odds of remission”, explains lead author George Argyropoulos, PhD from Geisinger’s Sigfried and Janet Weis Center for Research Friday in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is used to help people who are morbidly obese lose weight. As a side effect, it has been shown to resolve or improve type 2 diabetes in roughly 60 percent of patients. It may also be useful to treat diabetes in people who are not morbidly obese. But, currently there is no accurate method to determine which patients have the greatest likelihood of remission after surgery.
To create the scoring system, researchers from the Weis Center for Research, the Center for Health Research, the Center for Nutrition and Weight Management, and the Department of Surgery combed through Geisinger's advanced Electronic Health Record to retrospectively analyze the outcomes of 690 obese patients with type 2 diabetes who underwent RYGB between 2004 and 2011 at Geisinger. Of these patients, 463 (63%) achieved partial or complete type 2 remission of type 2 diabetes.
The researchers found that obesity surgery success in reducing/reversing type 2 diabetes could be effectively predicted based on four standard clinical measures—insulin use, age, haemoglobin A1c concentration (HbA1c; a measure of blood sugar), and type of anti-diabetic drugs. DiaRem scores were derived by assigning a certain number of points to each of the four factors.
“The DiaRem score will help guide patients and their clinicians in their selection of appropriate treatment and management of type 2 diabetes,” noted Christopher D. Still, DO, director of Geisinger’s Obesity Institute.
More than 20 million Americans have Type 2 diabetes; most are overweight or obese. Diabetics face increased risks for heart disease and strokes, and poorly controlled diabetes can damage the eyes, kidneys and blood vessels.
Nationwide, about 160,000 people undergo various types of obesity surgery each year. RYGB surgery, the type studied, involves stapling the stomach to create a small pouch and attaching it to the lower intestine.
Aside from the personal health toll, there's also a financial cost. For instance, obesity surgery costs about $40,000 in Pennsylvania, depending on the negotiated rate with the person's health plan. (These costs are not what the patient pays, but the average costs for the provider.)
The researchers believe that further prospective studies will help identify additional uses for the scoring process.
About Geisinger Health System
Geisinger Health System is an integrated health services organization widely recognized for its innovative use of the electronic health record, and the development of innovative care models such as ProvenHealth Navigator® and ProvenCare®. As the nation’s largest rural health services organization, Geisinger serves more than 2.6 million residents throughout 44 counties in central and northeastern Pennsylvania. The physician-led system is comprised of more than 19,000 employees, including a 1,000-member multi-specialty group practice, six hospital campuses, two research centers and a 413,000-member health plan, all of which leverage an estimated $6.1 billion positive impact on the Pennsylvania economy. The health system and the health plan have repeatedly garnered national accolades for integration, quality and service. In addition to fulfilling its patient care mission, Geisinger has a long-standing commitment to medical education, research and community service. For more information, visit www.geisinger.org, or follow the latest Geisinger news and more on Twitter and Facebook.