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New NCCN Guidelines Include Evidence Blocks to Illustrate Value in Breast, Colon, Kidney, and Rectal Cancers

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NCCN Guidelines with NCCN Evidence Blocks™ for Breast, Colon, Kidney, and Rectal Cancers illustrate five dimensions of value for therapeutic regimens: efficacy, safety, quality and quantity of evidence, consistency of evidence, and affordability.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 18-Feb-2016 5:00 PM EST

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Winter Feast: Camera Trap Offers a Candid Look at Idaho’s Scavengers

A research wildlife biologist for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), and the executive director of Boise State University’s Intermountain Bird Observatory have teamed up with the Idaho Department of Fish and Game to create a series of motion-sensitive camera traps to monitor golden eagle migration and distribution in southwest Idaho.

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REGARDS data show diabetics who use verapamil have lower glucose levels

Lead author of paper published in Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice journal says, while causal relationship cannot be inferred, findings are “absolutely encouraging.”

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New Lens Ready for Its Close-Up

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Researchers have always thought that flat, ultrathin optical lenses for cameras or other devices were impossible because of the way all the colors of light must bend through them. But University of Utah electrical and computer engineering professor Rajesh Menon and his team have developed a new method of creating optics that are flat and thin yet can still perform the function of bending light to a single point, the basic step in producing an image.

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Gene Previously Observed Only in Brain is Important Driver of Metastatic Breast Cancer

Scientists from The Wistar Institute have shown that one gene that was once thought only to be found in the brain is also expressed in breast cancer and helps promote the growth and spread of the disease. Additionally, they showed how a version of the gene with edited RNA prevents metastasis.

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Graphene Leans on Glass to Advance Electronics

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Scientists have developed a simple and powerful method for creating resilient, customized, and high-performing graphene: layering it on top of common glass. This scalable and inexpensive process helps pave the way for a new class of microelectronic and optoelectronic devices—everything from efficient solar cells to touch screens.

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Gene Signature Could Lead to a New Way of Diagnosing Lyme

Researchers at UC San Francisco and Johns Hopkins may have found a new way to diagnose Lyme disease, based on a distinctive gene “signature” they discovered in white blood cells of patients infected with the tick-borne bacteria.

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By Switching 'Bait,' IU Biologists Trick Plants' Bacterial Defense Into Attacking Virus

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Scientists at Indiana University have modified a plant gene that normally fights bacterial infection to confer resistance to a virus. The method, described in a paper to be published Feb. 12 in the journal Science, is the first time a plant’s innate defense system has been altered to deliver resistance to a new disease.

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Public Health Researchers Map World’s ‘Chemical Landscape’

Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health have created a map of the world’s chemical landscape, a catalogue of 10,000 chemicals for which there is available safety data that they say can predict the toxicity of many of the 90,000 or more other substances in consumer products for which there is no such information.

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Scripps Florida Scientists Win $1.7 Million Grant to Advance New Strategies to Treat Huntington’s Disease

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Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have won nearly $1.7 million from the National Institutes of Health’s National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke to investigate the mechanisms that contribute to Huntington’s disease.

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Space Mission to Unveil Mysteries of the Hot Universe

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A University of Southampton researcher will explore the structure and evolution of the Universe, as part of the ASTRO-H X-ray space telescope mission being launched in Japan this week.

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New Study Confirms Different Generics Have Equal Efficacy When Treating Epilepsy

A new study led by Michael Privitera, MD, professor of the Department of Neurology and director of the Epilepsy Center at the University of Cincinnati Neuroscience Institute, tested two generic lamotrigine (prescription antiepileptic) products and found no detectable difference in clinical effects among patients in the trial. The findings were published this week in an advance online edition of The Lancet Neurology.

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“Haptic Glasses” Could Make Car Navigation Safer, Less Distracting

Human factors/ergonomics researchers have developed an alternative navigation system that uses haptic (touch) communication instead of voice that, along with a visual display, shows promise to address the issue of cognitive overload in the car.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 14-Feb-2016 5:00 PM EST

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Feeling Older Increases Risk of Hospitalization, Study Says

People who feel older than their peers are more likely to be hospitalized as they age, regardless of their actual age or other demographic factors, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

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The History of Hemodialysis Sheds Light on the Ethical Use of Limited Medical Resources

As medical research continues to generate new technologies and drugs for a wide variety of uses, questions arise regarding how such resources should be used and who should have access to them. A new article addresses these questions, using the history of hemodialysis as a guide.

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In JAMA Oncology: An Expert Opinion on How to Address the Skyrocketing Prices of Cancer Drugs

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Is it possible to create public policy that will rein in the skyrocketing costs of cancer-fighting drugs? Dr. Scott Ramsey, a Fred Hutch physician, cancer researcher and health economist addresses that question in a JAMA Oncology editorial. His short answer: Not without significant tradeoffs that could reduce patients’ access to some cancer medications.

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Wine and Chocolate, with Tannins as Cupid

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Wine and chocolate go together at Valentine’s Day like hearts and arrows. And it turns out the two icons of romance share some scientific similarities.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 17-Feb-2016 4:00 PM EST