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Highly Processed Foods Dominate U.S. Grocery Purchases

A nation-wide analysis of grocery purchases reveals that highly processed foods make up more than 60 percent of the calories in food we buy, and these items tend to have more fat, sugar and salt than less-processed foods.

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UAB Researcher Probes Role of a Master Gene in Skeletal Formation

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The runx2 master transcription factor functions differently in chondrocytes and osteoblasts, two key cells in bone formation.

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New Genetic Link Found for Alcohol-Related Liver Cirrhosis

In most people, any liver damage that might occur from drinking alcohol is reversible. However, in 25 to 30 percent of alcoholics what begins as accumulation of fat in the liver progresses to inflammation, fibrosis and ultimately irreversible cirrhosis, for which the only treatment is a liver transplant. A new study indicates that specific gene mutations might predispose some people to irreversible liver cirrhosis.

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Prebiotic Shows Promise in Regulating Kids’ Appetites

The obesity epidemic among children has caused alarm throughout the United States and Canada. Achieving healthy energy intake among this age group is a widespread health concern. A new method of appetite regulation in children was recently investigated by graduate student Megan Hume from University of Calgary.

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Immunotherapy Delays Recurrence for Stage III and IV Ovarian Cancers

Personalized medicine is getting closer to reality for women with late-stage ovarian cancer. An experimental immunotherapy is in the works that can target an individual woman’s tumor and extend the time period between initial treatment and the cancer’s return.

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Women with Ovarian Cancer Gain Extra Months with Addition of Drug to Standard Chemotherapy

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In a study presented March 28 at the SGO Annual Meeting on Women's Cancer, overall survival for women who received standard chemotherapy treatment plus bevacizumab was a median five months longer than for women who received the standard chemotherapy treatment alone.

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Researchers Highlight Shoulder and Elbow Injury Possibility in Youth Players

Pitching speed, player’s height, and pitching for multiple teams may correlate with a history of shoulder and elbow injuries, according to new research released today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine’s (AOSSM) Specialty Day.

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Young Athletes at Greater Risk for Re-Injury after ACL Surgery

One in three young athletes who undergo ACL surgery experiences re-injury, according to research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine’s (AOSSM) Specialty Day. The study examined the long term success of surgery for patients aged 18 years and younger.

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New Way to Evaluate Meniscus Tear Outcomes

An individual’s meniscus (cushion in the knee) is one of the most important ligaments in the leg providing stability, load bearing and preservation of the knee joint. It is also one of the most easily injured areas and difficult to fully heal. Researchers presenting their study at today’s Specialty Day meeting of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM) utilized MRI data to determine the potential for biologic healing following a meniscus tear.

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Pain Injections for Hip Arthroscopy Patients May Not Predict Surgical Outcomes

How best to treat and recover from complicated hip injuries is a growing field in orthopaedic medicine. While diagnostic hip injections are commonly performed for patients with labral tear to confirm the pain etiology, research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine’s (AOSSM) Specialty Day suggests that pain relief from this diagnostic injection may not predict better outcomes following arthroscopic hip surgery.