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Non-Citizens Face Harsher Sentencing Than Citizens in U.S. Criminal Courts

Non-Americans in the U.S. federal court system are more likely to be sentenced to prison and for longer terms compared to U.S. citizens, according to a new study.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Oct-2014 3:00 AM EDT

Science

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Improving Babies’ Language Skills Before They’re Even Old Enough to Speak

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In the first months of life, when babies begin to distinguish sounds that make up language from all the other sounds in the world, they can be trained to more effectively recognize which sounds “might” be language, accelerating the development of the brain maps which are critical to language acquisition and processing, according to new by April Benasich and colleagues of Rutgers University-Newark -- published in the October 1 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience.

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Medicine

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Mount Sinai and Healthfirst® Announce Innovative Medicare Advantage Insurance Plan Designed by a Health System for Patients in New York City

The Healthfirst Mount Sinai Select (HMO) plan is an alternative to the traditional Medicare program and allows Medicare beneficiaries to secure private insurance coverage financed by the federal government.

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Health Care and Construction Workers Create Pink Ribbon for Breast Cancer Awareness

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More than 600 health care and construction workers donned pink hard hats while forming a giant human ribbon at the UC San Diego Jacobs Medical Center construction site today in support of National Breast Cancer Awareness month.

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Medicine

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Medical Professional Liability Claims and Esophageal Cancer Screening

An analysis of liability claims related to esophageal cancer screening finds that the risks of claims arising from acts of commission (complications from screening procedure) as well as acts of omission (failure to screen) are similarly low, according to a study in the October 1 issue of JAMA.

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Medicine

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Study Compares Long-Term Outcomes for Types of Aortic Valve Replacements

Among patients ages 50 to 69 years who underwent aortic valve replacement with bioprosthetic (made primarily with tissue) compared with mechanical prosthetic valves, there was no significant difference in 15-year survival or stroke, although patients in the bioprosthetic valve group had a greater likelihood of reoperation but a lower likelihood of major bleeding, according to a study in the October 1 issue of JAMA.

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Use of a ‘Virtual Ward’ Model of Care Does Not Reduce Hospital Readmissions, Risk of Death

In a trial involving patients at high risk of hospital readmission or death, use of a virtual ward model of care (using some elements of hospital care in the community) after hospital discharge did not significantly reduce the rate of readmission or death up to a year following discharge, according to a study in the October 1 issue of JAMA.

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Study Finds Acupuncture Does Not Improve Chronic Knee Pain

Among patients older than 50 years with moderate to severe chronic knee pain, neither laser nor needle acupuncture provided greater benefit on pain or function compared to sham laser acupuncture, according to a study in the October 1 issue of JAMA.

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Medicine

BRAIN Research at WVU Awarded $1.5 Million

The White House announced that West Virginia University has been awarded more than $1.5 million from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) through the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative, established by President Barack Obama to accelerate the development and application of innovative imaging technologies.

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