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Science

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, Emsl, JGI, Joint Genome Institute, Proceedings Of The Natinal Academy Of Sciences, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, Biogeochemistry, Geochemistry, Oceans, Oxygen, Oxygen Deprivation, Oxygen Minimum, Genetics, Enviroment, Environmental Science, Environmental Research, University Of British Columbia, Microbes, Microorganism, Microorganisms, Nutrients, Earth System, earth system models, Energy Cycles, Dead Zones, Dead Zone, Saanich Inlet, British Columbia

Mighty Microbes Roil Oceans

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New model reveals the significant role of microbes in oceanic nutrient and energy cycling. The results of this work significantly improve the crude models of microbial activity in important oceanic zones and provide holistic insights into how microbes drive nutrient and energy flow.

Science

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bridges, transportation, infrastructure, roads, , Civil Engineering, Robotics, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Transportation Safety Expert Available to Discuss New Study on Deficient U.S. Roads and Bridges

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Law and Public Policy

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police shooting, Race

More Black Police Won't Result in Fewer Police-Involved Homicides of Black Citizens

Hiring more black police officers is not a viable strategy for reducing police-involved homicides of black citizens in most cities, according to new Indiana University research that is the first in-depth study of this increasingly urgent public policy question.

Medicine

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Cervical Cancer, botswana-upenn partnership, Botswana, HIV, AIDS

New Approach to Cervical Cancer Care in Botswana Cuts Lag Time Between Treatment and Diagnosis in Half

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Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths for women low- and middle-income countries, including Botswana, where 75 percent of cervical cancer patients suffer from advanced forms of the disease. These patients can face wait times as long as five months after diagnosis before receiving lifesaving treatment. A new, multidisciplinary model of cervical cancer care developed by a University of Pennsylvania team based in Botswana cut the delay between diagnosis and treatment by more than 50 percent, according to research published this month in the Journal of Global Oncology.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Mindfulness, Meditation, yoga, Aging, Psychology

Mindfulness Shows Promise as We Age, but Study Results Are Mixed

As mindfulness practices rise in popularity and evidence of their worth continues to accumulate, those who work with aging populations are looking to use the techniques to boost cognitive, emotional and physiological health. But studies so far have shown mixed results in the elderly.

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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UVA Darden, UVA Darden School of Business, Bob Bruner, Optimism, US Presidents, Leadership, Authenticity, Presidents Day

A U.S. Presidential Leadership Lesson: Optimism

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Features UVA Darden Professor and Dean Emeritus Bob Bruner’s study of presidential leadership lessons and the importance of optimism.

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Why Are There Different 'Flavors' of Iron Around the Solar System?

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New work shows that interactions between iron and nickel under the extreme pressures and temperatures similar to a planetary interior can help scientists understand the period in our Solar System's youth when planets were forming and their cores were created.

Medicine

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Biomarker, African-Americans, triple-negative breast cancer, Prognosis, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Biomarker Predicts Poor Prognosis in African-Americans with Triple-Negative Breast Cancer, Study Finds

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Having high levels of a certain biomarker is linked to poor prognosis in African-American patients with triple-negative breast cancer, while the same biomarker doesn’t influence disease outcomes in white patients, according to a new study.

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Heroin, Adolescent Addiction, Drug Abuse Trends

Growing Number of Teens Think Getting Heroin Is ‘Probably Impossible’

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How easy do adolescents think it is to get heroin? A Saint Louis University researcher examines how their perceptions have changed from 2002 to 2014.

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Differences in the Rhetorical Styles of Candidates in the 2016 US Presidential Election

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A new paper published in Digital Scholarship in the Humanities reveals and quantifies dramatic differences in the speaking styles of candidates in the 2016 United States presidential election.

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Solar Energy

Dream of Energy-Collecting Windows Is One Step Closer to Reality

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Researchers at the University of Minnesota and University of Milano-Bicocca are bringing the dream of windows that can efficiently collect solar energy one step closer to reality thanks to high tech silicon nanoparticles.

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Warming Ponds Could Accelerate Climate Change

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Rising temperatures could accelerate climate change by reducing the amount of carbon dioxide stored in ponds and increasing the methane they release, new research shows.

Medicine

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short-term memory, Rutishauser, Mamelak, Memory Disorders

Cedars-Sinai Investigators Identify Human Brain Processes Critical to Short-Term Memory

Cedars-Sinai neuroscientists have uncovered processes involved in how the human brain creates and maintains short-term memories. This study is the first clear demonstration of precisely how human brain cells work to create and recall short-term memories. Confirmation of this process and the specific brain regions involved is a critical step in developing meaningful treatments for memory disorders that affect millions of Americans.

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Suicide Attempts, Suicide Awareness and Prevention, Teenage suicide, same-sex marriage, Sexual Orientation

Same-Sex Marriage Legalization Linked to Reduction in Suicide Attempts Among High School Students

The implementation of state laws legalizing same-sex marriage was associated with a significant reduction in the rate of suicide attempts among high school students – and an even greater reduction among gay, lesbian and bisexual adolescents, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

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Wake Forest Celebrates Dedication of Maya Angelou Hall

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On Friday, Feb. 17, Wake Forest held a dedication and ribbon-cutting ceremony for Maya Angelou Hall, a residence hall named for poet, author, professor and civil rights activist Maya Angelou.

Medicine

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Meningiomas, Brain Cancer, Yale Cancer Center

What Turns Benign Central Nervous System Tumors Deadly

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In a new study, Yale researchers identified genetic abnormalities that mark atypical meningiomas, which have a 40% chance of recurring after surgical removal and are marked by a shorter survival rate than benign tumors.

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Solar System, Planets, Astronomy, Geoscience, Geology

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 22-Feb-2017 1:00 PM EST

Science

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Computation Institute, Institute for Molecular Engineering , Northwestern-Argonne Institute for Science and Engineering , Environmental Science, Technology, Integrated environmental assessments, Water Quality

Breakthrough Wireless Sensing System Attracts Industry and Government Agency Interest

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Top experts in environmental sensing explored existing and potential applications for Waggle and other sensing technologies during a two-day workshop held at Argonne last year. From researching deforestation in the Amazon to improving air quality for manned space missions, attendees revealed unique ways to apply sensing technology to improve our understanding of Earth and human health – and a number of these applications employed Waggle.

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Energy, Renewable Energy, FUEL, coal, Power Generation, Energy Sources, Power Plant, Higher Education, Universities and Colleges, Green Energy

University of Iowa Announces It Will Be Coal-Free by 2025

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The University of Iowa will divest fully from coal as a campus energy source by 2025. UI officials, led by President Harreld, announced the goal, which will come from the university increasing its use of biomass and other renewable energy sources.

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Education

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Reseach, Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Surgery, Robot, Robotics, Robotic Assisted Surgery, Philadelphia, University City Science Center

Three University Technologies Receive $600,000 From Science Center’s QED Program

Researchers developing technologies to improve therapeutic success among radiotherapy patients, prevent chest wall collapses in pre-term infants with respiratory distress, and assist surgeons with pre-operative planning for femur fracture alignments will receive a total of $600,000 in funding through the ninth round of the University City Science Center’s QED Proof-of-Concept Program.







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