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Neurological Diseases Share Common Blood-Brain Barrier Defects

Although stroke, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and traumatic brain injury each affect the central nervous system differently, a new study finds that they share common defects in the blood-brain barrier that can be traced to a single set of genes. The findings could yield new approaches for treating brain diseases.

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3D Human Skin Maps Aid Study of Relationships Between Molecules, Microbes and Environment

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences produced 3D maps of molecular and microbial variations across the body. These maps provide a baseline for studies of the interplay between the molecules that make up our skin, our microbiomes, our personal hygiene routines and other environmental factors. The study, published March 30 by PNAS, may help further our understanding of the skin’s role in human health and disease.

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Bans on Texting While Driving Reduce Crash-Related Hospitalizations

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UW Engineer Models Groundwater to Help Farmers at Home and Abroad

Argentina might seem a long way to go for an environmental engineer seeking to better understand land use in Wisconsin. But there are some surprising parallels between the two countries' histories of land use and ecohydrology that could help farmers and officials make better groundwater decisions.

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Panel Predicts Whether Rare Leukemia Will Respond to Treatment

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Patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia have limited treatment options, and those that exist are effective only in fewer than half of patients. Now, a new study identifies a panel of genetic markers that predicted which tumor samples would likely respond to treatment.

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Clinical Trial Tests Two Physical Therapies for Plantar Fasciitis

Loyola University Medical Center is conducting a clinical trial on two physical therapy regimens to treat plantar fasciitis, which causes stabbing heel pain. Hand manipulation therapy is being compared with instrument-assisted therapy (Gaston technique).

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For Soybean Growers, Hidden Cost of Climate Change Tops $11 Billion

Even during a good year, soybean farmers nationwide are, in essence, taking a loss. That's because changes in weather patterns have been eating into their profits and taking quite a bite: $11 billion over the past 20 years, according to a study by University of Wisconsin-Madison agronomists published last month in Nature Plants.

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Ready, Aim, Fire! Cancer-Targeting Mechanism Underlies Promising UW-Madison Spinoff

A spinoff called Cellectar Biosciences is developing molecules that bind to more than 60 types of cancer. Several are being tested in early-stage clinical trials, including one for brain cancer. These custom-made molecules can carry either a "flag" that shines brightly in standard medical scanners or a bit of radiation to kill the targeted cancer cells.

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Hormone Known for Mother's Milk Also Fosters Bond Between Parents

Research has discovered a role for prolactin, the hormone that stimulates milk production in nursing mothers, in the bond between parents. The study on cotton-top tamarins found a link between prolactin levels and sexual activity and cuddling among paired adults. Although this was a first for prolactin, it has previously been found for oxytocin, a hormone that stimulates childbirth and is linked to a range of pleasurable emotions.

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Sex Trafficking Invades March Madness

Cities hosting NCAA March Madness Tournament games and other major sporting events will also see a rise in illegal sex trafficking, according to a recent 15-month study.