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Medicine

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Nanoparticle, Osteoarthritis, Cartilage

Nanoparticle Injections May Be Future of Osteoarthritis Treatment

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that they can inject nanoparticles into an injured joint and suppress inflammation immediately following an injury, reducing the destruction of cartilage and lowering the risk for osteoarthritis.

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Newly Discovered Immune Cell Type Protects Against Lung Infections During Chemotherapy

St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital scientists have discovered a previously unrecognized form of macrophage in mice; the immune cells survived chemotherapy and protected against life-threatening lung infections.

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SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, LCLS , lightsource, Linac Coherent Light Source, Mosquito Borne Disease, Dengue, zika, Structural Biology

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 28-Sep-2016 1:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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Prostate Cancer, Radiation Therapy, quality of life in cancer , hypofractionated radiation therapy

Study: Shortened Radiation Therapy Offers Similar Quality of Life for Low-Risk Prostate Cancer Patients

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Low-risk prostate cancer patients may be able to undergo a shortened course of radiation therapy that cuts treatment by weeks and offers comparable outcomes and quality of life results as those who undergo longer treatment courses.

Medicine

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Astro, Astro Annual Meeting, American Society For Radiation Oncology, Radiation Therapy, Radiation Oncology, Cancer Research, Prostate Cancer, intermediate risk prostate cancer, Brachytherapy, External Beam Therapy, EBT

Intermediate Risk Prostate Cancer May Be Well Controlled with Brachytherapy Alone

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For men with intermediate risk prostate cancer, radiation treatment with brachytherapy alone can result in similar cancer control with fewer long-term side effects, when compared to more aggressive treatment that combines brachytherapy with external beam therapy (EBT), according to research presented today at the 58th Annual Meeting the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).

Medicine

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Astro, Astro Annual Meeting, American Society For Radiation Oncology, Radiation Therapy, Radiation Oncology, Cancer Research, Cervical Cancer, Endometrial Cancer, gastrointestinal and genitourinary side effects , intensity-modulated radiation therapy , imrt

Cervical and Endometrial Cancer Patients Report Fewer Side Effects and Better Quality of Life with Imrt

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Patients with cervical and endometrial cancer have fewer gastrointestinal and genitourinary side effects and experience better quality of life when treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) than with conventional radiation therapy (RT), according to research presented today at the 58th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).

Medicine

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Astro, Astro Annual Meeting, American Society For Radiation Oncology, Radiation Therapy, Radiation Oncology, Cancer Research, hypofractionated radiation therapy, low-risk prostate cancer, Prostate Cancer, NRG Oncology/RTOG 0415

Hypofractionated RT Can Reduce Treatment Time by One-Third with Comparable QOL for Prostate Cancer Patients

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For men with early stage, low-risk prostate cancer, treatment with hypofractionated radiation therapy (RT) offers comparable health-related quality of life outcomes in one-third less treatment time than conventional RT, according to research presented today at the 58th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).

Science

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Biology, Parkinson Disease, Parkinson's Disease, Cell Biology, ALS, Alzheimer's Disease, Neurodegenative Disease

Parkinson's Disease Protection May Begin in the Gut

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The gut may play a key role in preventing the onset of Parkinson's disease. UI biologists found that in roundworms, an immune response from intestinal cells sparks a series of chemical signals that ultimately preserves neurons whose death is associated with Parkinson's. The results appear in the journal Cell Reports.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Presidential Appointment

UT Dallas Study Examines Diversity Trends in Past Presidential Appointments

A new UT Dallas study found significant differences in the rate that minorities and women were appointed to top federal jobs under the Democratic and Republican presidents between 1993 and 2013.

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Geology, Geoscience

Life in Ancient Oceans Enabled by Erosion From Land

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As scientists continue finding evidence for life in the ocean more than 3 billion years ago, those ancient fossils pose a paradox that raises questions about whether there was more land mass than previously thought.

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Collaboration Seeks to Enhance Accelerator Technology, Lower Costs

The University of Chicago is part of a collaboration that has been awarded $23 million by the National Science Foundation to increase the intensity of beams of charged particles, while lowering the costs of key accelerator technologies. This Science and Technology Center will contribute to scientific advances in many disciplines, including physics, chemistry and mathematics, by enhancing accelerator capabilities.

Medicine

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Endocrine Society, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism , Clinical Practice Guidelines, Diabetes, Diabetes & Endocrinology, Medical Device Technology, Medical Device, Continuous Glucose Monitoring Systems, CGM, Insulin Pump, Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes

Experts Recommend Continuous Glucose Monitors for Adults with Type 1 Diabetes

The Endocrine Society today issued a Clinical Practice Guideline recommending continuous glucose monitors (CGMs) as the gold standard of care for adults with Type 1 diabetes.

Medicine

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poverty and health, financial hardship and health, Cognitive Function, Premature Aging, American Journal of Preventive Medicine

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Sep-2016 12:00 AM EDT

Life

Education

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City Planning, regional planning, SPUR, Governance and Strategic Planning, Sustainable Building, Urban Planning, Bay Area, UC Berkeley, college of environmental design, Berkeley

SPUR President and CEO Gabriel Metcalf Named Inaugural Robert S. Cornish Chair

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Expected to advance Robert Cornish’s emphasis on regions as a natural framework for managing growth and promoting sustainable futures, the professorship focuses on innovative regional planning theory and practice within California.

Science

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Epilelpsy, Drug Discovery, Anticonvulsant, Electroshock, Seizures, Neuroscience, Neurological Disorder, C.Elegans

The ‘Worm’ Holds the Key to Treating Epilepsy; New Possibilities for Rapid Drug Discovery

Current methods to control epilepsy are not only inefficient but haven’t improved in more than 150 years when the first anticonvulsant drug was developed. Researchers have opened up the possibilities for rapid drug screens to treat seizures in the near future by developing the smallest whole-animal electroconvulsive seizure model using a microscopic nematode worm.

Science

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NASA, Hubble Space Telescope, Europa, water vapor plumes, solar system evolution, Planetary

NASA’s Hubble Spots Possible Water Plumes Erupting on Jupiter's Moon Europa

New findings from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope show suspected water plumes erupting from Jupiter's icy moon Europa. These observations bolster earlier Hubble work suggesting that Europa is venting water vapor. A team of astronomers, led by William Sparks of the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, observed these finger-like projections while viewing Europa's limb as the moon passed in front of Jupiter. The study will be published on Sept. 29 in The Astrophysical Journal.

Medicine

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Exercise, Exercise Physiology, exercise physiologist, Obesity, Resistance Exercise, Cardio Vascualar Disease, Type 2 Diabetes, Cardiovascular Exercise, Endothelial, Blood Vessel Function

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Sep-2016 12:00 PM EDT

Science

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Energy, Environment, Fundamental Science, Hydropower, Green Energy, Marine Research, Biology, fish

Powered for Life: Self-Charging Tag Tracks Fish as Long as They Swim

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A self-powered fish-tracking tag uses a flexible strip containing piezoelectric materials to emit tiny beeps that are recorded by underwater microphones. The device is designed for longer-living fish such as sturgeon, eels and lamprey.

Science

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Superhydrophobic, Coating, Glass Display, Smartphones, samsung, Dirt repellent, Water Repellent, Antireflective, Nanomaterials, Materials Science

Samsung Licenses ORNL Transparent Superhydrophobic Glass Coatings for Electronic Devices

Samsung Electronics has exclusively licensed optically clear superhydrophobic film technology from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory to improve the performance of glass displays on smartphones, tablets and other electronic devices.

Life

Education

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Mathematics, Low Income Students, Education, math, Reading, infographic

Meaningful Benefits in Math and Reading for Low-Income Students in Voluntary Summer School (Infographic)

Study suggests: Kids who attend more thrive more







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