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NSF CAREER Award to Wayne State University Aims to Determine Causes of Seismic Anisotropy

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Wayne State University researchers with the help of the National Science Foundation, are looking for the causes of seismic anisotropy.

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Clever Application of Magnetic Force Enhances Laparoscopic Surgery

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A team of Vanderbilt engineers is using magnetic force to design new and improved instruments for minimally invasive surgery. The use of magnetic actuation allows them to create tools that are more flexible and more powerful than conventional designs, which place the instruments on the end of long sticks.

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Genetically Speaking, Mammals Are More Like Their Fathers

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A novel research study from the UNC School of Medicine shows that although mammals inherit equal amounts of genetic mutations from their parents – the mutations that make them unique and not some other person – they actually “use” more of the DNA that they inherited from their dads.

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Peanut Consumption Associated with Decreased Total Mortality and Mortality from Cardiovascular Diseases

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Researchers at Vanderbilt University and the Shanghai Cancer Institute examined the association of nut consumption with mortality among low-income and racially diverse populations and found that intake of peanuts was associated with fewer deaths, especially from heart disease.

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Results Challenge Conventional Wisdom About Where the Brain Begins Processing Visual Information

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Results of a brain mapping study challenge conventional wisdom that the "magic" which transforms visual information into the three-dimensional world that we perceive all occurs in the visual cortex.

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Johns Hopkins Researchers Identify Key to Tuberculosis Resistance

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The cascade of events leading to bacterial infection and the immune response is mostly understood. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the immune response to the bacteria that causes tuberculosis have remained a mystery — until now. Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have now uncovered how a bacterial molecule controls the body’s response to TB infection and suggest that adjusting the level of this of this molecule may be a new way to treat the disease. The report appears this week as an advance online publication of Nature Medicine.

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New Genetic Syndrome Found, Arising From Errors in 'Master Switch' During Early Development

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Analyzing a puzzling multisystem disorder in three children, genetic experts have identified a new syndrome, dubbed CHOPS syndrome, shedding light on key biological processes during human development.

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Munching Bugs Thwart Eager Trees, Reducing the Carbon Sink

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A new study published today [Monday, March 2, 2015] in Nature Plants shows that hungry, plant-eating insects may limit the ability of forests to take up elevated levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, reducing their capacity to slow human-driven climate change.

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Breakthrough in OLED Technology

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A new study from a team of researchers in California and Japan shows that OLEDs made with finely patterned structures can produce bright, low-power light sources, a key step toward making organic lasers. The results are reported in a paper appearing this week on the cover of the journal Applied Physics Letters, from AIP Publishing.

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Guidelines Suggest Blood Thinners For More Women, Seniors With AFib

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Nearly all women and people over 65 in the U.S. with atrial fibrillation are advised to take blood thinners under new guidelines based on an analysis from the Duke Clinical Research Institute.