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fuel taxes

Study: Vehicle Mileage Tax Is Best Option for Long-Term Highway Funding

A study that forecasts state and federal fuel tax revenues based on different fuel taxation policies found adoption of a vehicle mileage tax would best meet highway construction needs in the long run.

Medicine

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EU, LNG, Sustainable Energy, liquefied natural gas, shale gas, European parliament, EU parliament, Cop21, Greenhouse Gas, methane emissions, Energy, European Commission, Climate Change

EU Should Skip LNG’s ‘Bridge to Nowhere’ and Leap to Sustainable Energy

Science

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Self-Charging Fish Tags, A Promising Alternative to Silicon, Hints About Color of Extinct Animals, and More in the DOE Science News Source

Click here to go directly to the DOE Science News Source

Science

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World's Most Sensitive Dark Matter Detector, What to Expect From the Coming Quantum Era and More in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

Click here to go directly to the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP.

Medicine

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Craniofacial

Measurement Helps Craniofacial Surgeons Better Evaluate Children with Skull Deformity

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A baby’s skull is made of several plates of bone that fuse together over time to form a single structure. Previous research has shown that approximately one in 2,000 babies have plates that fuse too early — a condition called craniosynostosis — causing cranial deformities that can lead to learning impairments and other neurodevelopmental problems. Craniofacial surgeons across the country differ on when surgical intervention is needed for some abnormalities. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri School of Medicine are recommending a new method to help determine when surgery is needed.

Science

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Nanotechnology, Artificial Muscles, Carbon Nanotube, intelligent textiles, Material Science

UT Dallas Scientists Put a New Twist on Artificial Muscles

In recent years, researchers at The University of Texas at Dallas and colleagues at the University of Wollongong in Australia have put a high-tech twist on the ancient art of fiber spinning, using modern materials to create ultra-strong, powerful, shape-shifting yarns.

Medicine

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Mount Sinai, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Gene signature

Crowdsourcing for Scientific Discovery: Mount Sinai Researchers Find Novel Ways to Analyze Data for Drug and Target Discovery

In a unique project, researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have crowdsourced the annotation and analysis of a large number of gene expression profiles from the National Center for Biotechnology Information’s (NCBI) Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO).

Medicine

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Duke Health, Endocrinology, Insulin Resistance, Type 2 Diabetes, Metabolic Diseases, Fatty Liver Disease, Fructose, sugar intake, Molecular Physiology, Chrebp

New Theory on How Insulin Resistance, Metabolic Disease Begin

Does eating too much sugar cause type 2 diabetes? The answer may not be simple, but a study published Sept. 26 in the Journal of Clinical Investigation adds to growing research linking excessive sugar consumption -- specifically the sugar fructose -- to a rise in metabolic disease worldwide. The study, conducted in mice and corroborated in human liver samples, unveils a metabolic process that could upend previous ideas about how the body becomes resistant to insulin and eventually develops diabetes.

Medicine

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Allergies, Rush Desensitization, Antigens, Mast Cells

Mouse Study Shows How “Hair-of-the-Dog” Approach Works to Treat Allergies

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A research team led by Duke Health, using mice as the models, has described the cellular processes that occur during “rush desensitization.” The approach involves giving a small dose of the allergy trigger – peanuts or bee poison or even chemotherapy -- to the susceptible patient in small, yet increasing doses over a short period.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Debate, Presidential Debates, Clinton, Hillary Clinton, Trump Campaign, Trump, Democratic, Republican, Campaign 2016

WVU Experts: Faculty Available to Discuss Presidential Debate

Business

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"Arnold Palmer", arnold Palmer, arnold palmer hospital, arnold palmer hospital for children, winnie palmer hospital, winnie palmer hospital for women & babies, golf, Pediatrics, Women's Health, Children's Health, Orlando Health

Arnold Palmer Medical Center Reacts to Passing of Arnold Palmer

It is a sad time for everyone at Orlando Health Arnold Palmer Medical Center after receiving news of the passing of the legendary Arnold Palmer.

Medicine

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Nanoparticle, Osteoarthritis, Cartilage

Nanoparticle Injections May Be Future of Osteoarthritis Treatment

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that they can inject nanoparticles into an injured joint and suppress inflammation immediately following an injury, reducing the destruction of cartilage and lowering the risk for osteoarthritis.

Medicine

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Newly Discovered Immune Cell Type Protects Against Lung Infections During Chemotherapy

St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital scientists have discovered a previously unrecognized form of macrophage in mice; the immune cells survived chemotherapy and protected against life-threatening lung infections.

Medicine

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SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, LCLS , lightsource, Linac Coherent Light Source, Mosquito Borne Disease, Dengue, zika, Structural Biology

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 28-Sep-2016 1:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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Prostate Cancer, Radiation Therapy, quality of life in cancer , hypofractionated radiation therapy

Study: Shortened Radiation Therapy Offers Similar Quality of Life for Low-Risk Prostate Cancer Patients

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Low-risk prostate cancer patients may be able to undergo a shortened course of radiation therapy that cuts treatment by weeks and offers comparable outcomes and quality of life results as those who undergo longer treatment courses.

Medicine

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Astro, Astro Annual Meeting, American Society For Radiation Oncology, Radiation Therapy, Radiation Oncology, Cancer Research, Prostate Cancer, intermediate risk prostate cancer, Brachytherapy, External Beam Therapy, EBT

Intermediate Risk Prostate Cancer May Be Well Controlled with Brachytherapy Alone

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For men with intermediate risk prostate cancer, radiation treatment with brachytherapy alone can result in similar cancer control with fewer long-term side effects, when compared to more aggressive treatment that combines brachytherapy with external beam therapy (EBT), according to research presented today at the 58th Annual Meeting the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).

Medicine

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Astro, Astro Annual Meeting, American Society For Radiation Oncology, Radiation Therapy, Radiation Oncology, Cancer Research, Cervical Cancer, Endometrial Cancer, gastrointestinal and genitourinary side effects , intensity-modulated radiation therapy , imrt

Cervical and Endometrial Cancer Patients Report Fewer Side Effects and Better Quality of Life with Imrt

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Patients with cervical and endometrial cancer have fewer gastrointestinal and genitourinary side effects and experience better quality of life when treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) than with conventional radiation therapy (RT), according to research presented today at the 58th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).

Medicine

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Astro, Astro Annual Meeting, American Society For Radiation Oncology, Radiation Therapy, Radiation Oncology, Cancer Research, hypofractionated radiation therapy, low-risk prostate cancer, Prostate Cancer, NRG Oncology/RTOG 0415

Hypofractionated RT Can Reduce Treatment Time by One-Third with Comparable QOL for Prostate Cancer Patients

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For men with early stage, low-risk prostate cancer, treatment with hypofractionated radiation therapy (RT) offers comparable health-related quality of life outcomes in one-third less treatment time than conventional RT, according to research presented today at the 58th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).

Science

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Biology, Parkinson Disease, Parkinson's Disease, Cell Biology, ALS, Alzheimer's Disease, Neurodegenative Disease

Parkinson's Disease Protection May Begin in the Gut

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The gut may play a key role in preventing the onset of Parkinson's disease. UI biologists found that in roundworms, an immune response from intestinal cells sparks a series of chemical signals that ultimately preserves neurons whose death is associated with Parkinson's. The results appear in the journal Cell Reports.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Presidential Appointment

UT Dallas Study Examines Diversity Trends in Past Presidential Appointments

A new UT Dallas study found significant differences in the rate that minorities and women were appointed to top federal jobs under the Democratic and Republican presidents between 1993 and 2013.







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