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Scientists Discover Methane-Producing Microbes in California Rocks

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Deep in vents on the ocean floor, methane-producing microbes feed off chemical reactions between water and rock. Now evidence of this process has been found on land in a freshwater spring in California.

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Barium Leaches Directly From Fracked Rocks, Dartmouth Team Finds

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Dartmouth College researchers are shedding light on the early chemical reactions in the organic sediments that would ultimately become the Marcellus Shale, a major source of natural gas and petroleum.

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Acupuncture Used in Clinical Settings Reduced Symptoms of Menopause

Acupuncture treatments can reduce the number of hot flashes and night sweats associated with menopause by as much as 36 percent, according to researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

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Single-Step Hydrogen Peroxide Production Could Be Cleaner, More Efficient

Chemical and biological engineers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison have uncovered new insight into how the compound hydrogen peroxide decomposes. This advance, published this spring in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, could inform efficient and cost-effective single-step strategies for producing hydrogen peroxide.

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Rutgers Cancer Institute Researcher Explores Gender Disparity in Lung Cancer

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Aiming to better understand gender differences in lung cancer, a Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey researcher is exploring whether radiation exposure from interventional cardiovascular procedures leads to increased risk of lung cancer in women as compared to men. The work is supported by an inaugural $400,000 LUNG FORCE Research Innovation Project award.

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Low Hormone Levels Linked to Obesity in Teens

Obese teenagers already show signs of hormonal differences from normal-weight peers that may make them prone to weight gain, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Air Pollution Exposure May Raise Heart Disease Risk

Exposure to air pollution can worsen blood sugar levels, cholesterol and other risk factors for heart disease, particularly in people with diabetes, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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As More States Legalize Marijuana, Adolescents’ Problems with Pot Decline

A survey of more than 216,000 adolescents from all 50 states indicates the number of teens with marijuana-related problems is declining. Similarly, the rates of marijuana use by young people are falling despite the fact more U.S. states are legalizing or decriminalizing marijuana use and the number of adults using the drug has increased.

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Crowdsourcing Contest Using Data From People, Dogs Advances Epileptic Seizure Forecasting

It might sound like a riddle: What do you get when you combine one online contest, two patients, five dogs and 654 data scientists?

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Sugar Substitutes May Cut Calories, but No Health Benefits for Individuals with Obesity

rtificial sweeteners help individuals with obesity to cut calories and lose weight but may have negative health effects, according to researchers at York University's Faculty of Health.

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Defeat of Far-Right in Austria Is No Cause for Celebration

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UCI Paul Merage School of Business Receives $100,000 Pledge from Alumna Jennifer Su Gillick

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Jennifer Su Gillick, EMBA ’83, an alumna of the UC Irvine Paul Merage School of Business, and her husband William G. Gillick, have pledged $100,000 to the Merage School. In recognition of their gift, one of the breakout rooms, located on the fourth floor of the new Merage School building, will be designated “in honor of the Su and Gillick Families.”

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Early Armored Dino From Texas Lacked Cousin's Club-Tail Weapon, but Had a Nose for Danger

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Pawpawsaurus's hearing wasn't keen, and it lacked the infamous tail club of Ankylosaurus. But first-ever CT scans of Pawpawsaurus's skull indicate the dino's saving grace from predators may have been an acute sense of smell.

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Study Shows Which New Moms Post the Most on Facebook

A study shows which psychological characteristics of some new mothers may affect how they use Facebook to show off their baby.

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New Argonne National Lab Program to Provide Entrepreneurs with Unparalleled Opportunity to Launch Clean Energy and Science-Based Ventures

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To meet this challenge, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) and Argonne National Laboratory announced today a new innovation accelerator program for science and energy entrepreneurs called Chain Reaction Innovations (CRI).

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 26-May-2016 11:00 AM EDT

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 26-May-2016 2:00 PM EDT

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Clinical Trial Demonstrates Success of Low FODMAP Diet

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A first of its kind U.S. trial shows diet changes helped those with a hard-to-treat gut disorder overcome symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.

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Missouri S&T Researcher Tracks Subsurface Water Flow

By combining computational mathematics and several engineering disciplines, a Missouri University of Science and Technology researcher hopes to consistently predict the underground flow of water through porous terrain with large fractures and channels.

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UofL and James Graham Brown Cancer Center Receive 33,000 Tissue Samples to further Oncology Research

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The University of Louisville has expanded its oncology research strength through the addition of approximately 33,000 human tissue samples and specimens.