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Chemists Developing New Recipe for Creating Ether Compounds

Once used as surgical anesthetics, ether compounds are used as fuel additives and as components of pharmaceutical drugs, polymers and other synthetic materials. University of Nebraska-Lincoln chemist Patrick Dussault is exploring a method to create ethers by combining organic peroxides and carbanions. Preliminary results indicate the peroxide to ether conversion can be developed into a reliable and high-yielding reaction. Dussault also will create a website resource for safe handling of peroxides, which can be dangerously unstable.

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E-Cigarette Vapor—Even When Nicotine-Free—Found to Damage Lung Cells

With the use of e-cigarettes on the rise, especially among young people, research to uncover the health effects of e-cigs is becoming increasingly important. In a new study published ahead of print in AJP-Lung, researchers find that e-cig solution and vapors—even those that are nicotine-free—damage lung health.

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A New Use for Statins: Asthma

Researchers report that statins inhaled as a spray can treat symptoms of asthma. The findings support that statins should be explored as a new class of inhaler therapy for asthma.

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Attitudes About Complementary and Alternative Medicine Predict Use Among Cancer Patients

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Attitudes and beliefs about CAM were found to be a better predictor of CAM usage than socio-demographic factors alone – such as race, sex, or education – which are often used to describe CAM users but stop short of fully explaining what drives people to use them.

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Surgical Skills Lab and Dissection Curricula Train Neurosurgical Residents

A surgical skills laboratory and corresponding dissection curricula were established in the Department of Neurosurgery at the Cleveland Clinic in the 2011–2012 academic year. The authors describe how this came about and what it has meant for neurosurgical resident training and assessment of residents’ surgical skills.

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Cannabis Use Can Be Prevented, Reduced or Delayed

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Contrary to some popular beliefs, marijuana is harmful to adolescent brains. Researchers have found that targeting at-risk youth through school programmes can limit their use of this drug.

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Leading US Compound Semiconductor Expert Heads to Cardiff University

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One of the world’ s leading experts in compound semiconductors (CS), Professor Diana Huffaker, has been appointed to lead a new research laboratory at Cardiff University.

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Ovarian Cancer-Specific Markers Set the Stage for Early Diagnosis, Personalized Treatments

Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center have now identified six mRNA isoforms (bits of genetic material) produced by ovarian cancer cells but not normal cells, opening up the possibility that they could be used to diagnose early-stage ovarian cancer. What’s more, several of the mRNA isoforms code for unique proteins that could be targeted with new therapeutics.

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Study Suggests New Way of Preventing Diabetes-Associated Blindness

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Reporting on their study with lab-grown human cells, researchers at The Johns Hopkins University and the University of Maryland say that blocking a second blood vessel growth protein, along with one that is already well-known, could offer a new way to treat and prevent a blinding eye disease caused by diabetes.

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Researchers Unveil New Gene Subgroup in Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer researchers have drawn a molecular portrait that provides the first complete picture of localized, multi-focal disease within the prostate and also unveils a new gene subgroup driving it.