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Science

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Michigan Tech, Chad Deering, Volcano, Carbon Dioxide, Precambrian, Geology, Antarctic, Zircon, Geochemistry, Carbon Cycle, Plate Tectonics

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Nov-2017 11:00 AM EST

Medicine

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Military Sexual Trauma, Military Service, behavioural health consequences, Alcohol Problems, male soldiers, National Guard soldiers, Deployment, US Army Reserve soldiers

Military Sexual Trauma Among Men Is Prevalent and Predicts Alcohol Problems

Military sexual trauma (MST) is defined as sexual harassment and/or sexual trauma experienced during the course of military service. It includes uninvited or unwanted verbal or physical contact of a sexual nature, such as attention, verbal remarks, touching, sexual coercion, sexual assault, and rape. MST happens to both men and women, and can have mental and physical health consequences. However, little attention has been paid to the behavioral health consequences of MST, such as substance misuse. This study examined the prevalence of MST during deployment among male Reserve and National Guard soldiers, and the extent to which MST exposure during deployment was associated with frequent heavy drinking and alcohol problems post-deployment.

Science

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Iowa State University, Iowa State, soil, Organic Matter, Greenhouse Emissions, Greenhouse Gas, Agriculture, Wetland, Wetlands

New Study Finds Timing Is Key in Keeping Organic Matter in Wet Soils

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Published recently in the peer-reviewed academic journal Nature Communications, the findings show periodically flooded soils may actually lose organic matter at accelerated rates.

Science

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Agriculture, agriculture and climate change, smallholder farms, Africa, Asia, Rainfall, Food Insecurity, food insecure, Hunger

To Address Hunger Effectively, First Check the Weather, Says New Study

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Understanding the climate context is important is determining how to best respond to food insecurity, according to a study of nearly 2,000 smallholder farms in Africa and Asia. Rainfall patterns determined whether financial supports or agricultural inputs or practices were the most effective intervention.

Medicine

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Cancer, Radiotherapy, Immune Response

Ludwig Researchers Unravel Novel Mechanism by Which Tumors Grow Resistant to Radiotherapy

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A Ludwig Cancer Research study has uncovered a key mechanism by which tumors develop resistance to radiation therapy and shown how such resistance might be overcome with drugs that are currently under development.

Science

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Ocean, microplastics, Plastic, Sea, environmenntal science, Environment, Environment and Life Sciences, Environment And Sustainability, micrometre

‘Lost’ 99% of Ocean Microplastics to Be Identified with Dye?

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The smallest microplastics in our oceans – which go largely undetected and are potentially harmful – could be more effectively identified using an innovative and inexpensive new method, developed by researchers at the University of Warwick.

Science

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Diabetes, Angiogenesis, Blood Vessel Formation, Ischemic Injury, VEGF, Ras protein

Scientists Find Key to Regenerating Blood Vessels

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Florida researchers have identified a signaling pathway that is essential for angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels. The findings, published in Nature Communications, may improve current strategies to improve blood flow in ischemic tissue, such as that found in atherosclerosis and peripheral vascular disease associated with diabetes.

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WINE, Australia, salt-tolerance, grapevine, Salinity, plantbreeding, Genetics, Genetic Markers, rootstocks

New Discovery to Accelerate Development of Salt-Tolerant Grapevines

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A recent discovery by Australian scientists is likely to improve the sustainability of the Australian wine sector and significantly accelerate the breeding of more robust salt-tolerant grapevines.

Medicine

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Congenital Heart Disease

Children with Heart Disease Are Being Let Down by Lack of Clinical Trials, Study Finds

Less than one per cent of UK children born with congenital heart disease are enrolled in clinical trials looking to improve treatments, research by the University of Birmingham has found.

Medicine

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ACA, Affordable Care Act , Affordable Care Act (ACA), Cardiovascular care, aspirin therapy, Diabetes, High Blood Pressure and Heart Disease, High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Smoking, U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, Uspstf

Under Affordable Care Act, Americans Have Had More Preventive Care for Heart Health, UCLA Study Finds

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By reducing out-of-pocket costs for preventive treatment, the Affordable Care Act appears to have encouraged more people to have health screenings related to their cardiovascular health, a UCLA study found.







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