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Museums, Natural History, Geology, Anthropology, Entomology, Zoology, Herbarium, Plants

University of Wisconsin-Madison Museums Recreate ‘Cabinet of Natural History’ Digitally

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In 1849, the Board of Regents of the new University of Wisconsin directed the curation of the state’s plants, animals and minerals in a “cabinet of natural history.” Now, that founding piece of scientific inquiry is re-forming — digitally. A new initiative will centralize the databases of the university’s five natural history museums, which have separated over the decades to specialize and accommodate growing collections.

Science

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Astronomy, Astrophysics, Galaxies, Telescopes, radio telescopes, Physics

Magnetic Fields in Distant Galaxy Are New Piece of Cosmic Puzzle

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Astronomers have measured magnetic fields in a galaxy 4.6 billion light-years away — a big clue to understanding how magnetic fields formed and evolved over cosmic time.

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Coral Reefs, Oceans, Physics

Coral Skeletons May Resist the Effects of Acidifying Oceans

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Coral skeletons are the building blocks of diverse coral reef ecosystems, which has led to increasing concern over how these key species will cope with warming and acidifying oceans that threaten their stability. New research provides evidence that at least one species of coral build their hard, calcium carbonate skeletons faster, and in bigger pieces, than previously thought.

Medicine

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epigentics, mice, Microbiome, Genetics

Microbes Compete for Nutrients, Affect Metabolism, Development in Mice

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If our microbiome overindulges, we might not have access to the nutrients we need. That’s the suggestion from new research conducted by University of Wisconsin-Madison Professor Federico Rey’s group that shows mice that harbor high levels of microbes that eat choline are deprived of this essential nutrient.

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Lakes, Pollution, Environment, Water, Water Quality

Amid Environmental Change, Lakes Surprisingly Static

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In recent decades, change has defined our environment in the United States. But, says a new University of Wisconsin-Madison study, while those changes usually result in poor water quality, lakes have surprisingly stayed the same.

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Antarctica, Antarctica Research, West Antarctic Ice Sheet, Geophysics, Explorers

Charles Bentley, Pioneering UW-Madison Glaciologist Who Measured West Antarctic Ice Sheet, Dies

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Charles R. Bentley, an intrepid University of Wisconsin-Madison glaciologist and geophysicist who was among the first scientists to measure the West Antarctic Ice Sheet in the late 1950s, died Aug. 19 in Oakland, California. He was 87.

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Birds, Pollution, Air Pollution, Avian, Zoology, Animals

Canary in a Coal Mine: Survey Captures Global Picture of Air Pollution’s Effects on Birds

Writing Aug. 11 in the journal Environmental Research Letters, University of Wisconsin-Madison Professor Tracey Holloway, an expert on air quality, and her former graduate student Olivia Sanderfoot, sort through nearly 70 years of the scientific literature to assess the state of knowledge of how air pollution directly affects the health, well-being, reproductive success and diversity of birds.

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Opinion, Public Opinion, Surveys, Science, human genome editing, Gene Editing

Attitudes on Human Genome Editing Vary, but All Agree Conversation Is Necessary

In a study published Aug. 11 in the journal Science, researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Temple University assessed what people in the United States think about the uses of human genome editing and how their attitudes may drive public discussion. They found a public divided on its uses but united in the importance of moving conversations forward.

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New Measure of Insulin-Making Cells Could Gauge Diabetes Progression, Treatment

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Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have developed a new measurement for the volume and activity of beta cells, the source of the sugar-regulating hormone insulin.

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Reproduction, Meiosis, Genetics

Pregnancy Loss and the Evolution of Sex Are Linked by Cellular Line Dance

In new research published this week (Aug. 1, 2017) in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Levitis and his collaborators report that meiosis takes a heavy toll on the viability of offspring. And not just for humans. Creatures from geckos to garlic and cactuses to cockroaches pay a price to undergo sexual reproduction.







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