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Science

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Plastics, Renewable, Chemistry, Chemical Engineering, Materials

Bio-Renewable Process Could Help ‘Green’ Plastic

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Plastics are often derived from petroleum, contributing to reliance on fossil fuels and driving harmful greenhouse gas emissions. To change that, Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC) scientists are trying to take the pliable nature of plastic in another direction, developing new and renewable ways of creating plastics from biomass.

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Study Advances Gene Therapy for Glaucoma

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In a study published today in the scientific journal Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Kaufman and Curtis Brandt, a fellow professor of ophthalmology and visual sciences at UW-Madison, showed an improved tactic for delivering new genes into the eye's fluid drain, called the trabecular meshwork. It could lead to a treatment for glaucoma.

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Reproduction, Eagles, Envirionmental biology

Scouting the Eagles: Proof That Protecting Nests Aids Reproduction

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Reproduction among bald eagles in a remote national park in Minnesota was aided when their nests were protected from human disturbance, according to a study published today (Jan. 9, 2018) in the Journal of Applied Ecology.

Medicine

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Stem Cells, Heart, Heart Disease, Cardiovascular Disease

New Stem Cell Method Sheds Light on a Telltale Sign of Heart Disease

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While refining ways to grow arterial endothelial cells in the lab, a regenerative biology team at the Morgridge Institute for Research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison unexpectedly unearthed a powerful new model for studying a hallmark of vascular disease.

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Lake Michigan Waterfowl Botulism Deaths Linked to Warm Waters, Algae

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In a USGS program, volunteers tracked bird deaths along Lake Michigan from 2010 to 2013 to discover what conditions lead to large die-offs. The researchers found that warm waters and algae — both of which have become more frequent over the years — tended to precede bird deaths, likely because they promoted the growth of botulism toxin-producing bacteria.

Medicine

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Heart, Biomedical, aortic valve disease

New Hope for Stopping an Understudied Heart Disease in Its Tracks

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Thanks, in part, to pigs at the University of Wisconsin–Madison’s Arlington Agricultural Research Station, scientists now are catching up on understanding the roots of calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD).

Medicine

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protein complexes, Cancer, PP2A

Breaking Up (Protein Complexes) Is Hard to Do, but New UW Study Shows How

A new study by University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers identified the structural basis for how tightly bound protein complexes are broken apart to become inactivated.

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Archaeology, Archeology, Fossils, life on Earth, Geology, Microbiology, Earth, Earth Science

Oldest Fossils Ever Found Show Life on Earth Began Before 3.5 Billion Years Ago

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Researchers at UCLA and the University of Wisconsin–Madison have confirmed that microscopic fossils discovered in a nearly 3.5 billion-year-old piece of rock in Western Australia are the oldest fossils ever found and indeed the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth.

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Zero Gravity Plant Growth Experiments Delivered to Space Station

The latest resupply mission to the International Space Station delivered hundreds of seeds to the spacefaring research lab Sunday, Dec. 17, to test how plants grow in the stressful environment of zero gravity. This is the fourth plants-in-space experiment for University of Wisconsin–Madison Professor of Botany Simon Gilroy.

Medicine

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Infectious Desease, zika, Mosquito Borne

Monkeys Infected by Mosquito Bites Further Zika Virus Research

Monkeys who catch Zika virus through bites from infected mosquitoes develop infections that look like human Zika cases, and may help researchers understand the many ways Zika can be transmitted.







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