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Science

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Genome, Agriculture

Taking the Genomic Revolution to Corn Fields to Improve Crops

By bringing the genomic revolution into corn fields, Genomes2Fields aims to improve the nation’s corn crop by uncovering how genomes — the blueprints for plants — are turned into yield, stress resistance, and all manner of different traits.

Medicine

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zika, Mosquitoes, Vector Borne Diseases

UW-Led Center Plays Key Role in Finding Zika-Transmitting Mosquito in State

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The new Upper Midwestern Center of Excellence in Vector Borne Diseases, led by the University of Wisconsin–Madison, this week identified the Asian tiger mosquito, which can spread the Zika virus, for the first time in Wisconsin.

Science

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Glass, Glassblowing, scientific instruments, History, History Of Science, Chemistry

In Words and Glass, Collaboration Unlocks Birth of Modern Chemistry

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In an interdisciplinary collaboration, University of Wisconsin-Madison historian of science Catherine Jackson and scientific glassblower Tracy Drier are delving into the foundations of modern chemistry and its reliance on specialized glassware.

Medicine

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Biomedical Engineering, Stem Cell, Substrate

Advance Furthers Stem Cells for Use in Drug Discovery, Cell Therapy

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UW-Madison researchers have invented an all-chemical replacement for the confusing, even dangerous materials, now used to grow stem cells.

Medicine

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bats, Pathogens, Viruses, Parasites, Diseases, Animal Research, Veterinary Medicine, Entomology

Study Reveals Interplay of an African Bat, a Parasite and a Virus

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A lack of evidence that bats are key reservoirs of human disease has not prevented their vilification or efforts to exterminate bat colonies where threats are presumed to lurk. “The fact is that they provide important ecosystem services ... and we want them around,” says Tony Goldberg, a University of Wisconsin-Madison epidemiologist and virus hunter. “But bats are also increasingly acknowledged as hosts of medically significant viruses. I have mixed feelings about that.”

Science

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Caterpillars, Insects, Cannibalism, Plants, Food

Plants Under Attack Can Turn Hungry Caterpillars Into Cannibals

When does a (typically) vegetarian caterpillar become a cannibalistic caterpillar, even when there is still plenty of plant left to eat? When the tomato plant it’s feeding on makes cannibalism the best option. “It often starts with one caterpillar biting another one in the rear, which then oozes. And it goes downhill from there,” says University of Wisconsin–Madison integrated biology Professor John Orrock.

Science

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Optoelectronics, Electronics, Materials, Nanotechnology, Photodetectors, Electrical Engineering, Semiconductors

Powerful New Photodetector Can Enable Optoelectronics Advances

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In a nanoscale photodetector that combines a unique fabrication method and light-trapping structures, a team of engineers from the University of Wisconsin–Madison and the University at Buffalo has overcome obstacles to increasing performance for optoelectronic devices — like camera sensors or solar cells — without adding bulk.

Science

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Computers, bias, Discrimination, Mathematics, Algorithms, Information Technology, Computer Science

UW-Madison Researchers Tackle Bias in Algorithms

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If you’ve ever applied for a loan or checked your credit score, algorithms have played a role in your life. You might assume that computers remove human bias from decision-making, but research has shown that is not true. UW-Madison researchers have created a tool to combat the problem.

Medicine

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enteral nutrition, Health, Food, Animal Research, Animal Sciences, Intubation, IV

Plant Derivative Could Help Patients Reliant on Tube Feeding

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Synesis, a University of Wisconsin-Madison spinoff developing a patented formula for liquid nutrition, is advancing a plant-based additive designed to reduce or eliminate severe side effects of tube feeding.

Medicine

Science

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Biology, Virology

UW-Madison Scientists Illuminate Structures Vital to Virus Replication

Scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison Morgridge Institute for Research have, for the first time, imaged molecular structures vital to how a major class of viruses replicates within infected cells.







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