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Medicine

Science

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Cryo Electron Microscopy, cryo-EM, Immune activation

Detailed View of Immune Proteins Could Lead to New Pathogen-Defense Strategies

Biologists at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley used cryo-EM to resolve the structure of a ring of proteins used by the immune system to summon support when under attack, providing new insight into potential strategies for protection from pathogens. The researchers captured the high-resolution image of a protein ring, called an inflammasome, as it was bound to flagellin, a protein from the whiplike tail used by bacteria to propel themselves forward.

Science

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Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, LBNL, Berkeley Lab, Advanced Light Source, ALS, X-rays, X-Ray, micro tomography, Synchrotron, Light Source, Coral, Coral Reef Fish, parrotfish, fish, Materials Science, Biology, Biomineralization, biominerals

X-Rays Reveal the Biting Truth About Parrotfish Teeth

A new study has revealed a chain mail-like woven microstructure that gives parrotfish teeth their remarkable ability to chomp on coral all day long – the structure could serve as a blueprint for designing ultra-durable synthetic materials.

Science

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Biofuels, Microbiome

To Find New Biofuel Enzymes, It Can Take a Microbial Village

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In search of new plant enzymes? Try looking in compost. Researchers at JBEI have demonstrated the importance of microbial communities as a source of stable enzymes that could be used to convert plants to biofuels. This approach yields robust enzymes that researchers can’t easily obtain from isolates.

Science

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Berkeley, LBNL, Berkeley Lab, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, X-Ray, X-rays, Synchrotron, Advanced Light Source, Fuel Cell, Fuel Cells, Hydrogen, hydrogen fuel cell, Energy, Renewable Energy

Fuel Cell X-Ray Study Details Effects of Temperature and Moisture on Performance

To find the right balance of moisture and temperature in a specialized type of hydrogen fuel cell, Berkeley Lab scientists have used X-rays to explore the inner workings of its components at tiny scales.

Science

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Dark Matter, dark photon, photon science, Photons, Photon, Babar Experiment, Berkeley, LBNL, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley Lab, Slac, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, particle collider

New Study: Scientists Narrow Down the Search for Dark Photons Using Decade-Old Particle Collider Data

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A fresh analysis of particle-collider data, co-led by Berkeley Lab physicists, limits some of the hiding places for one type of theorized particle – the dark photon, also known as the heavy photon – that was proposed to help explain the mystery of dark matter.

Science

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Supercomputer, Software, Exascale

Berkeley Lab-led ECP Pagoda Project Rolls Out First Software Libraries

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Just one year after the Department of Energy's Exascale Computing Program began funding projects to prepare scientific applications for exascale supercomputers, the Pagoda Project - led by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory - has successfully reached a major milestone: making its open source software libraries publicly available as of September 30, 2017.

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Lithium Batteries

New Studies on Disordered Cathodes May Provide Much-Needed Jolt to Lithium Batteries

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In a pair of papers published this month in Nature Communications and Physical Review Letters, a team of scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has come up with a set of rules for making new disordered materials, a process that had previously been driven by trial-and-error. They also found a way to incorporate fluorine, which makes the material both more stable and have higher capacity.

Business

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Energy Storage

Berkeley Lab and Hydro-Québec Announce Partnership for Transportation Electrification and Energy Storage

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Hydro-Québec and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have agreed to explore collaborations toward the research and development of manufacturing and scale-up technology to advance transportation electrification and energy storage.

Science

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Neutrino, Neutrinos, neutrinoless double beta decay, Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, LBNL, Berkeley Lab, CUORE, INFN, Italy, double beta decay

Experiment Provides Deeper Look into the Nature of Neutrinos

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The first glimpse of data from the full array of a deeply chilled particle detector operating beneath a mountain in Italy sets the most precise limits yet on where scientists might find a theorized process to help explain why there is more matter than antimatter in the universe.

Science

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cool roof, Water Conservation

Cool Roofs Have Water Saving Benefits Too

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The energy and climate benefits of cool roofs have been well established: By reflecting rather than absorbing the sun’s energy, light-colored roofs keep buildings, cities, and even the entire planet cooler. Now a new study by the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has found that cool roofs can also save water by reducing how much is needed for urban irrigation.







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