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Science

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Advanced Light Source, Molecular Foundry, JCESR, Joint Center for Energy Storage Research, Berkeley Lab, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, LBNL, Battery, Batteries, Lithium sulfur, Energy, Polymers

Coupling Experiments to Theory to Build a Better Battery

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A Berkeley Lab-led team of researchers has reported that a new lithium-sulfur battery component allows a doubling in capacity compared to a conventional lithium-sulfur battery, even after more than 100 charge cycles.

Science

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Superlattice, X-rays, Synchrotron, Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, LBNL, Berkeley Lab, Advanced Light Source, Molecular Foundry, Chirality, Handedness, vorticity

X-Rays Reveal ‘Handedness’ in Swirling Electric Vortices

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Scientists used spiraling X-rays at Berkeley Lab to observe, for the first time, a property that gives left- or right-handedness to swirling electric patterns – dubbed polar vortices – in a layered material called a superlattice.

Science

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Fungi, Aspergillus, Genomics, Energy, Environment, Bioenergy, Biofuels, Biotechnology, Industrial Applications, genes, secondary metabolites, DOE Office of Science

All in the Family: Focused Genomic Comparisons

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In the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a team led by researchers at the Technical University of Denmark, the DOE Joint Genome Institute and the Joint BioEnergy Institute report the first outcome from the large-scale sequencing of 300+ Aspergillus species.

Science

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Meteorite, Asteroid, Amino Acids, Ceres, Dwarf Planet, Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, LBNL, Berkeley Lab, Advanced Light Source, X-rays, Synchrotron, Hydrocarbons, Chemistry, Asteroid Belt

Ingredients for Life Revealed in Meteorites That Fell to Earth

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A detailed study of blue salt crystals found in two meteorites that crashed to Earth – which included X-ray experiments at Berkeley Lab – found that they contain both liquid water and a mix of complex organic compounds including hydrocarbons and amino acids.

Science

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Microbes, soil, Biology (Ecology/Environment), Carbon Cycle

Real World Native Biocrusts: Microbial Metabolism

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Specific compounds are transformed by and strongly associated with specific bacteria in native biological soil crust (biocrust) using a suite of tools called “exometabolomics.” Understanding how microbial communities in biocrusts adapt to harsh environments could shed light on the roles of soil microbes in the global carbon cycle.

Science

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Plant, Genomics, Energy, Environment, Bioenergy, Biomass, Biodiversity, Genetics, crop breeding

When One Reference Genome is Not Enough

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A pan-genome is a valuable resource for unlocking natural diversity. Having plant pan-genomes for crops important for fuel and food applications would enable breeders to harness natural diversity to improve traits such as yield, disease resistance, and tolerance of marginal growing conditions.

Science

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Microbiome, plant bacteria, Plants, Microbiology, genes, Genomics, Energy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Joint Genome Institute, DOE Office of Science, HHMI Investigator

A Functional Genomics Database for Plant Microbiome Studies

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In Nature Genetics, a team led by JGI researchers assembled a catalog of bacterial genomes to identify and characterize candidate genes that aid bacteria in adapting to plant environments, specifically genes involved in bacterial root colonization.

Science

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Neutron, Neutron Star, Gravity, Gravitational, Relativity, relativity theory, Cosmos, Cosmological, Berkeley, Berkeley Lab, LBNL, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Department Of Energy, DOE, Dark Energy, DESI, dark energy spectroscopic instrument, Galileon

Star Mergers: A New Test of Gravity, Dark Energy Theories

Observations and measurements of a neutron star merger have largely ruled out some theories relating to gravity and dark energy, and challenged a large class of cosmological theories.

Science

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Dark Energy, DESI, dark energy spectroscopic instrument, Berkeley, Berkeley Lab, LBNL, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Galaxies, Galaxy, Supernovae, SDSS, Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Universe, Quasar, Quasars, Cosmology, Redshift

Creating a World of Make-Believe to Better Understand the Real Universe

Scientists are creating simulated universes – complete with dark matter mock-ups, computer-generated galaxies, quasi quasars, and pseudo supernovae – to better understand real-world observations.

Science

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Neurophysiology, Neurosceince, Big Data, Big Data Management, big data and medicine, Brain Activity Imaging, BRAIN Initiative

Beta of Neurodata Without Borders Software Now Available

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Neuroscientists can now explore a beta version of the new Neurodata Without Borders: Neurophysiology (NWB:N 2.0) software and offer input to developers before it is fully released next year.







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