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Medicine

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Postoperative Pain, Caffeine, pain, Sleep, Sleep Deprivation, Pain Sensitivity

To Reduce Postoperative Pain, Consider Sleep — and Caffeine

A new preclinical study found that a brief period of extended wakefulness before surgery enhances pain and prolongs recovery time after surgery. Caffeine administration helped to reduce the harmful effects of sleep loss on subsequent surgical pain.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Bullying, Cyberbullying, Internet Safety, Teen Health, Racial Inequality, School Violence, Drug Abuse, Childhood Obesity

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 21-Aug-2017 6:00 AM EDT

Medicine

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Sleep, Neurology, School Start Times, Back To School, High School, Middle School, Teenagers, teen sleep

Despite Benefits, Half of Parents Against Later School Start Times

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Leading pediatrics and sleep associations agree: Teens shouldn’t start school so early. Yet University of Michigan research finds parents are split almost down the middle on whether they support delays in school start times that might permit their 13- to 17-year-olds to sleep later on school days.

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The Laws of Attraction: Pheromones Don’t Lie, Research in Fruit Flies Shows

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For the first time, scientists have shown that a female fruit fly’s pheromone signals can actually tell males how much energy her body has invested in egg production versus in storing away energy for her own survival. And it’s a signal that she can’t change in order to make herself more attractive.

Medicine

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CICU, ICU, Icu Patients, Cardiology, Heart Surgery, Intensive Care Unit, Cardiac Intensive Care

Cardiac ICU Patient Composition Is Changing Over Time

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A new University of Michigan study finds slightly more than half of heart patients are admitted to the CICU for noncardiac conditions, such as sepsis or renal failure, rather than for a heart condition.

Medicine

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Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Aneurysm, aneurysm recurrence, Endovascular, Endovascular Aneurysm Repair, Neurosurgery, interventional care

Smoking Raises Risk of Aneurysm Recurrence After Endovascular Treatment

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A history of smoking significantly increases the chance that survivors will experience recurrence of a brain aneurysm, according to a University of Michigan study. Researchers say it’s a serious reminder about the importance of smoking cessation, especially for patients who undergo endovascular aneurysm treatment.

Medicine

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Migraine, Headache, Disparities, disparities in healthcare, Neuro, Neurology, Opioids, opioid prescribing

Study: Opioids Overused in Migraine Treatment, Regardless of Race

African-Americans are more likely to experience debilitating migraine headaches than whites, but a new study probing the issue found no evidence of racial disparities in treatment practices. Instead, researchers report a different finding that affects everyone: opioid overuse.

Medicine

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Eclipse, Eclipse Eye Safety, solar retinopathy, Solar Eclipse

How to Watch the Solar Eclipse Without Damaging Your Eyes

A solar eclipse will offer a rare — although brief — sight to millions. Is it OK to take a peek? Not without eye protection.

Medicine

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Cancer, Breast Cancer, Decision Making, contralateral prophylactic mastectomy, double mastectomy

How Decision-Making Habits Influence the Breast Cancer Treatments Women Consider

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A new study finds that more than half of women with early stage breast cancer considered an aggressive type of surgery to remove both breasts. The way women generally approach big decisions, combined with their values, impacts what breast cancer treatment they consider, the study also found.

Medicine

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pain, widespread pain, Chronic Pain, Chronic Pelvic Pain, MRI, Fibromyalgia

Does Widespread Pain Stem From the Brain? MRI Study Investigates

Patients with different chronic pain diagnoses recorded similar brain changes, a new study finds, suggesting a need for new treatment approaches.







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