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Streamlining Accelerated Computing, New Possibilities for Cancer Treatment, New Way to Display the 3-D Structure of Molecules, and More in the DOE Science News Source

Click here to go directly to the DOE Science News Source

Medicine

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Cancer, Nanomedicine, Multidrug Resistance, MDR, Doxorubicin, Drug Delivery, Nanoparticles, Chemotherapy, Nitric Oxide, Curcumin, Breast Cancer, Therapeutic, NO, chemosensitization

Overcoming Multidrug-Resistant Cancer with Smart Nanoparticles

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Multidrug resistance (MDR) is the mechanism by which many cancers develop resistance to chemotherapy. Researchers have developed nanoparticles that simultaneously deliver chemotherapy drugs to tumors and inhibit the MDR proteins that pump the therapeutic drugs out of the cell, rendering tumors highly sensitive to the cancer-killing therapy.

Medicine

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Mount Sinai Health System, Diabetes

Diets Avoiding Dry-Cooked Foods Can Protect Against Diabetes, Say Mount Sinai Researchers

Simple changes in how we cook could go a long way towards preventing diabetes, say researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.

Medicine

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NICU, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, parenting stress, Parenting, Premature Birth, Premature Baby, Premature Babies

How Parents Cope with Stress of the NICU Affects Family Dynamics

Understanding how parents cope while their child is in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) could lead to better support for the family and a more successful transition to home when their baby is healthy, according to Penn State College of Medicine and Penn State Harrisburg researchers.

Medicine

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Multiple Sclerosis (MS), MS, Neurologic Conditions, Diagnostics, Misdiagnosis, Neurology, Migraine, Fibromyalgia

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 31-Aug-2016 4:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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Vaccine, Opioid, Addiction, U.S. Department Of Health And Human Services, Heroin, Roger Crystal, Opiant Pharmaceuticals, substance abuse disorders, addictive disorders, Eating Disorders, NARCAN® Nasal Spray, Adapt Pharma

Expert: Vaccines to Counter Opioid Addiction Showing Promise

Expert can speak on the promise of vaccines to counter heroin addiction and broader efforts to address opioid addiction. Roger Crystal, M.D., CEO of Opiant Pharmaceuticals, has an interest in this area inspired by his company’s own efforts to develop opioid antagonist nasal sprays and other innovative formulations for the treatment of substance abuse disorders, addictive disorders and eating disorders.

Science

Business

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‘Local Food Opinion Leaders’ Can Help Bridge Gap Between Farmers, Consumers

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As consumers increasingly desire local food, opinion leaders can encourage others to eat healthier food and, in doing so, improve the local economy, according to new University of Florida Food and Agricultural Sciences research.

Medicine

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Hexokinase, peptidoglycan, F. Widjaja Foundation Inflammatory Bowel and Immunobiology Research Institute, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, David Underhill

Scientists Uncover the Way a Common Cell Enzyme Alerts the Body to Invading Bacteria

Biomedical investigators at Cedars-Sinai have identified an enzyme found in all human cells that alerts the body to invading bacteria and jump-starts the immune system. In their study, published in the peer-reviewed medical journal Cell, the investigators provide clues to unraveling some of the mysteries surrounding the human immune system, which defends the body against harmful microbes such as bacteria.

Medicine

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Sickle Cell Disease, Blood Disorders, nurse navigator, pediatric blood disorders, Rutgers University, New Jersey

Helping Children with Blood Disorders ‘Navigate’ Their Care

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Thanks to a two-year, $70,000 commitment from Embrace Kids Foundation, the Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center housed at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey is expanding to include a Pediatric Sickle Cell and Hemoglobinopathies Nurse Navigator position.

Medicine

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Pharmacoeconomics, Health Economics, outcomes research, Health Outcomes, HEOR, Asia-Pacific , health technology assessment, Health Policy, Big Data, universal health coverage, ASEAN

ISPOR 7th Asia-Pacific Conference to Concentrate on Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research

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ISPOR announced confirmation of key scientific sessions for its 7th Asia-Pacific Conference scheduled to begin next week, 3-6 September 2016 in Singapore.

Science

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Plants, Food Security, CO2, Conservation

Molecular Signature Shows Plants Are Adapting to Increasing Atmospheric CO2

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Plants are adapting to increasing atmospheric CO2 according to a new study from the University of Southampton. The research provides insight into the long-term impacts of rising CO2 and the implications for global food security and nature conservation.

Medicine

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Epilelpsy

Children’s Hospital Los Angeles Receives Top Epilepsy Ranking From the National Association of Epilepsy Centers

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Children’s Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) has been recognized by the National Association of Epilepsy Centers (NAEC) as a Level 4 epilepsy center, providing the highest–level medical and surgical evaluation and treatment for patients with complex epilepsy.

Medicine

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microcephaly , zika, zika virus

In Some Genetic Cases of Microcephaly, Stem Cells Fail to Launch

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In a very severe, genetic form of microcephaly, stem cells in the brain fail to divide, according to a new Columbia University Medical Center study that may provide important clues to understanding how the Zika virus affects the developing brain.

Science

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Chemistry/Physics/Materials Sciences, Biology; Medicine/Health (Environmental Health, Public Health

Selecting the Right House Plant Could Improve Indoor Air (Animation)

Indoor air pollution is an important environmental threat to human health, leading to symptoms of “sick building syndrome.” But researchers report that surrounding oneself with certain house plants could combat the potentially harmful effects of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), a main category of these pollutants. Interestingly, they found that certain plants are better at removing particular harmful compounds from the air, suggesting that, with the right plant, indoor air could become cleaner and safer

Science

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Chemistry/Physics/Materials Sciences, Biology, Medicine/Health (Diabetes)

Insulin Pill Could Make Diabetes Treatment ‘Ouchless’


Every day, millions of Americans with diabetes have to inject themselves with insulin to manage their blood-sugar levels. But less painful alternatives are emerging. Scientists are developing a new way of administering the medicine orally with tiny vesicles that can deliver insulin where it needs to go without a shot. Today, they share their in vivo testing results.

Science

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Earth Science, marine and freshwater biology, Oceanography

Darwin's Theory About 'Impassable' Marine Barrier Holds True for Coral Larvae in the Pacific

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MIAMI--An international team of scientists used a state-of-the-art computer model, a high-powered supercomputer, and five billion 'virtual' coral larvae to test Charles Darwin's 1880 hypothesis that marine species cannot cross the Eastern Pacific's "impassable" marine barrier. The team, which included University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science Associate Professor Claire Paris, found that Darwin's theory still hold true today even under extreme El Niño conditions known to speed up ocean currents.

Medicine

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alzheimer disease, Behaivor, Memory & Cognitive Processes, Neurology, Mental Health, personality and attitude, Social Behavioral Sciences

Too Much Activity in Certain Areas of the Brain Is Bad for Memory and Attention

Neurons in the brain interact by sending each other chemical messages, so-called neurotransmitters. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most common inhibitory neurotransmitter, which is important to restrain neural activity, preventing neurons from getting too trigger-happy and from firing too much or responding to irrelevant stimuli.

Medicine

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Aging, Aging and Disease, Biology, Evolution, genetics and aging, Minorities, Medicine And Health

Resolving the 'Hispanic Paradox'

A new paper co-authored by a UC Santa Barbara researcher reveals that Latinos age at a slower rate than other ethnic groups. The findings, published in the current issue of Genome Biology, may one day help scientists understand how to slow the aging process for everyone.

Science

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Geology & soil, Geophyscics, Gravity, Hydrology & water resources, planets and moon, Space And Planetary Science

Fossilized Rivers Suggest Warm, Wet Ancient Mars

Extensive systems of fossilised riverbeds have been discovered on an ancient region of the Martian surface, supporting the idea that the now cold and dry Red Planet had a warm and wet climate about 4 billion years ago, according to UCL-led research.

Medicine

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Wheel Chair, Wheel Chairs, Wheelchair, Wheelchair Propulsion, Wheelchairs, Veteran Health, children health, mobility research, mobility aid

UWM Professor Studies How to Reduce Injuries Among Children & Veterans Who Use Wheelchairs

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