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New Therapy, Engineered Bacteria, Obesity, Gut Bacteria, Microbiota, Physiology, Inflammation

Researchers Target Gut Bacteria to Reduce Weight Gain

Adding engineered bacteria into the guts of mice both kept them from gaining weight and protected them against some of the negative health effects of obesity. Researchers will present their findings today at the American Physiological Society’s Inflammation, Immunity and Cardiovascular Disease conference.

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Science

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Impulsivity, Youth, Alcohol Abuse, family history of alcoholism, social drinker, inhibition control, Offspring

Impulsivity Levels Help Identify At-Risk Offspring of Alcoholics

Researchers know that youth with a family history of alcoholism have a greater risk of developing an alcohol use disorder; this heightened vulnerability may be due to impulsive behavior. For this study, researchers examined “waiting” impulsivity – a tendency toward prematurely responding to a reward, and previously associated with a predisposition to drinking. The study sample comprised young, moderate-to-heavy social drinkers who were either positive (FHP) or negative (FHN) for a family history of alcoholism. Impulsivity was assessed after an alcoholic or non-alcoholic drink.

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UCLA, UCLA DOCTORS, UCLA Health System, UCLA health, Addiction, Marijuana, Substance Abuse, Pain Managament, Addictive Behaviors, Mental Health, Pharmacology, Palliative Medicine, Cannabinoid, Cannabis

UCLA Experts Are Available for Interviews About Marijuana-Related Topics

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UCLA experts are available for interviews about marijuana-related topics

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Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, CMS, Ut Southwestern, UT Southwestern ACO, accountable care organizations (ACO), Accountable Care Organizations , utsw

UT Southwestern Accountable Care Network: Medicare Shared Savings Program Performance Year 2015 Quality and Financial Results

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The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has announced the 2015 performance year results for the Medicare Shared Savings Program and the Pioneer Accountable Care Organization Model that show physicians, hospitals and health care providers participating in Accountable Care Organizations continue to make significant improvements in the quality of care for Medicare beneficiaries, while achieving cost savings.

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Obesity, Inflammation, heart disease risk factor, Metabolic Syndrome, Cardiovascular Disease, Heart Health, Physiology, Obesity Heart Disease Link, Genetics

Researchers Suspect MicroRNAs as Potential Link Between Obesity and Heart Disease

Results from a new study suggest that small molecules known as microRNAs may be part of the pathway connecting inflammation with increased heart disease risk in obese people. The new findings will be presented at the American Physiological Society’s Inflammation, Immunity and Cardiovascular Disease conference.

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Paleo Diet, Heart Health, Inflammation, Cardiovacular Disease, Physiology

Could the Paleo Diet Benefit Heart Health?

Findings from a small study suggest that people who followed the Paleo diet for only eight weeks experienced positive effects on heart health. Preliminary findings from this research will be presented at the American Physiological Society’s Inflammation, Immunity and Cardiovascular Disease conference.

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Police, Psychology, Mindfulness

UW–Madison Teams Up with Madison Police to Foster Officer Well-Being

The Center for Healthy Minds at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and the Madison Police Department are launching a pilot study to better understand the impact of mindfulness-based practices on police officers’ physical and mental well-being.

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UNC School of Medicine Experts Available to Discuss FDA Guidelines to Screen Blood for Zika Virus

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on Friday issued an advisory that all U.S. blood banks screen donated blood for Zika virus.

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Depression, Mental Health

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 29-Aug-2016 11:00 AM EDT

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Autism, Cell Signaling, Development

Case Western Reserve University Scientists Uncover Common Cell Signaling Pathway Awry in Some Types of Autism

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The researchers discovered that cells derived from autistic donors grew faster than those from control subjects and activated their genes in distinct patterns.

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sertraline, sertrali, MIND Institute, Uc Davis, SSRI

Sertraline, Brand Named Zoloft, Improves Functioning in Young Children with Fragile X

Treatment with sertraline may provide nominal but important improvements in cognition and social participation in very young children with fragile X syndrome, the most common genetic cause of intellectual disability and the leading single-gene cause of autism, a study by researchers with the UC Davis MIND Institute has found.

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Ophthalmology, Glaucoma, Contact Lens, drug delivery platform

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 29-Aug-2016 10:00 AM EDT

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Nursing, Long Term Care, Nursing Homes, Nursing Homes, Seniors, , Fall Prediction , Technology, engineeering, sensor system, Sensors, falls in older adults , Falls In Seniors

Sensor Systems Identify Senior Citizens at Risk of Falling Within Three Weeks

Each year, millions of people—especially those 65 and older—fall. Such falls can be serious, leading to broken bones, head injuries, hospitalizations or even death. Now, researchers from the Sinclair School of Nursing and the College of Engineering at the University of Missouri found that sensors that measure in-home gait speed and stride length can predict likely falls. This technology can assist health providers to detect changes and intervene before a fall occurs within a three-week period.

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Cancer, Leukemia, Stem Cells, Hematology, Aging, Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia, sAML

Researchers Find a New Way to Identify and Target Malignant Aging in Leukemia

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Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center have identified RNA-based biomarkers that distinguish between normal, aging hematopoietic stem cells and leukemia stem cells associated with secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML), a particularly problematic disease that typically afflicts older patients who have often already experienced a bout with cancer.

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national pitch count mandate, high school pitch count, high school pitch count regulation, youth baseball

National Mandate for Pitch Count in High School Ballplayers: Physician's Reaction

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Research Suggests That a Novel Inhibitory Brain Receptor Is a Mechanism for Remission of Epilepsy in Adolescence

Research led by SUNY Downstate Medical Center shows that, at the onset of puberty, the emergence of a novel inhibitory brain receptor, α4βδ (alpha four beta delta), reduces seizure-like activity in a mouse model of epilepsy.

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living kidney donors

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Sep-2016 5:00 PM EDT

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ICU, Critical Care, family presence, Rounds, Hospitals, Telemedicine, family-centered rounds, Family-centered care

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Sep-2016 6:00 AM EDT

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Colorectal Cancer, Colorectal Cancer Screening, Hmong, lay health educator, Sacramento, Cancer Health Disparities, NCI, Aancart

Lay Educators Help Boost Colorectal Screening Rates in Hmong

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Hmong Americans are more likely to understand the importance of colorectal cancer screening and to get screened when they’re provided information by specially trained Hmong lay health educators, new research from UC Davis has found.

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Altering Stem Cell Perception of Tissue Stiffness May Help Treat Musculoskeletal Disorders

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A new biomaterial can be used to study how and when stem cells sense the mechanics of their surrounding environment. With further development, this biomaterial could be used to control when immature stem cells differentiate into more specialized cells for regenerative and tissue-engineering-based therapies.







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