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Autism, Emergency Medicine, Adolescent Health, ASD, Autism Spectrum Disorder

Adolescents with Autism Four Times More Likely to Visit Emergency Department

Adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) use emergency department services four times as often as their peers without autism, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

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Diabetes, Diabetes and Adults, diabetes treatment, Diabetes Research, Type 1 Diabetes, type 1 diabetes and beta cells, Type 1 diabetes research

City of Hope Researchers Discover New Potential Cause of Type 1 Diabetes

An international team of researchers led by City of Hope’s Bart Roep, Ph.D., the Chan Soon-Shiong Shapiro Distinguished Chair in Diabetes and professor/founding chair of the Department of Diabetes Immunology, has been able to justify an alternative theory about the cause of type 1 diabetes (T1D) through experimental work. The study results were published online today in the journal Nature Medicine.

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Cancer, drug resp

Genetic ‘Balance’ May Influence Response to Cancer Treatment

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Choosing among cancer treatments increasingly involves determining whether tumor cells harbor specific, mutated “oncogenes” that drive abnormal growth and that may also be especially vulnerable or resistant to particular drugs. But according to a new study led by UCSF researchers, in the case of the most commonly mutated cancer-driving oncogene, called KRAS (pronounced “kay-rass”), response to treatment can change as tumors evolve, either when a normal copy of the gene from the other member of the matched chromosome pair is lost, or when the cancers cells evolve to produce additional copies of the mutated form of the gene.

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UCLA health, Sleep Apnea, Risks, School of Nursing, UCLA, Sleep

5 Facts About Sleep Apnea

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5 facts about sleep apnea and its negative effects on your health.

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Health Care Reform, Health Care Act, dental hygiene, Dental Hygienists, Oral Health, Oral Health Care

Health Care Changes to Impact Dental Care

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This June, more than 1,500 dental hygienists will come together from all parts of the U.S. to learn from top dental hygiene experts, advance their careers with new research and technology, and engage with their peers at the American Dental Hygienists’ Association’s 94th Annual Conference. Committed to providing excellent content, ADHA is proud to announce Hannah Maxey, PhD, MPH, RDH, who will cover changes in the health care system and how dental hygienists can prepare themselves for those changes at this year's conference.

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Infarction, Heart Attack, Heart Failure, T Cells, T Lymphocytes, Heart Disease, Inflammation, CD4, CD8, CD3, T helper cells, T regulatory (Treg) cells, Th1, TH2, TH17

Activated T-Cells Drive Post-Heart Attack Heart Failure

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Chronic inflammation after a heart attack can promote heart failure and death. University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers have now shown that activated T-cells — part of the immune system’s inflammatory response — are both necessary and sufficient to produce such heart failure.

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Kidney Failure Patients Face Hurdles, Sociology Expert, Subset Moves from Mother to Child, and More in the AIDS and HIV News Source

The latest research, features, and experts on HIV and AIDS.

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Breast Cancer, hair loss during treatment

Scalp Cooling Can Help Some Breast Cancer Patients Retain Hair

Scalp cooling can lessen some chemotherapy-induced hair loss – one of the most devastating hallmarks of cancer – in certain breast cancer patients, according to a new multicenter study from UC San Francisco, Weill Cornell Medicine and three other medical centers.   A majority of the study’s patients, all women with stage 1 or 2 breast cancer who underwent scalp cooling, retained more than half of their hair after completing chemotherapy, the investigators learned.

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Michigan Technological University, Michigan Tech, Thomas Werner, Fruit Flies, fruit fly genetics, Health, Mtor, Mushroom

Matching Up Fruit Flies, Mushroom Toxins and Human Health

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Some fruit flies build up tolerance to the toxin α-amanitin; the genetic mechanisms behind this adaptation link to an important metabolic pathway. A team from Michigan Technological University used genome-wide association mapping to draw the connections for 180 fruit fly lines.

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Mount Sinai Health System, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Colon Cancer, Colon Cancer Awareness Month, Colorectal Cancer, Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month, Gastroenterolgy

Mount Sinai Experts Share Tips for Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month This March

Mount Sinai experts are available during March’s Colorectal Cancer Awareness month to discuss prevention, screening options, and risk factors.

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Life

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march for science, sight-saving, Ophthalmologists, vision scientists, vision researchers, science community

ARVO Is the First Medical Research Organization to Support the March for Science; Doctors and Scientists Serving People Through Their Sight

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Good News for Kids with Epilepsy

There’s good news for kids with epilepsy. While several new drugs have come out in the last several years for adults with epilepsy, making those drugs available for children and teenagers has been delayed due to the challenges of testing new drugs on children. But an analysis of all the research published on adults and children shows that the positive results seen in adults appear to be similar in children. The preliminary meta-analysis was released today and will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology’s 69th Annual Meeting in Boston, April 22 to 28, 2017.

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Civic Engagement, Heart Health, Intervention, African American Women, change clubs

Could Community-Based “Change Clubs” Improve Heart Health in Black Women?

A new study suggests that civic engagement, in the form of community-based “Change Clubs,” engages Black/African American women to address nutrition and exercise concerns in their community and motivates them to change their individual behaviors, which may improve heart health.

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Firefighter health, Spine Surgery, Herniated Disc, Orthopaedic Injuries

Broadview Fire Chief Restored to Duty After Loyola Medicine Spine Surgery

Due to a herniated disc pressing on nerves in her lower back, Broadview Fire Chief Tracy Kenny suffered extreme leg pain for years and feared her worsening symptoms would end her career. Thanks to Loyola orthopaedic surgeon Alexander Ghanayem, MD, Chief Kenny woke up from spine surgery pain-free, and she is back on the job.

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Education

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Donald Demuth, Nidcr, NIH, Richard Lamont, T. Gerard Bradley

UofL’s School of Dentistry Boasts Top 15 National Ranking in Research Dollars

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Thanks to a growing research enterprise, the University of Louisville School of Dentistry ranks 13th nationally in the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research funding for 2016- a jump from 17th in the previous year.

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Sheldon M. Feldman M.D. Named Chief, Division of Breast Surgery & Surgical Oncology, and Director of Breast Cancer Services At Montefiore and Einstein

Internationally Renowned Breast Cancer Surgeon and Researcher Joins Prestigious Breast Cancer Program

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organ translant, lung translant, Kidney Transplant, Heart Transplant, Liver Transpalnt

2016 Was a Record Year for Organ Transplants

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Organ transplants nationally and in Illinois experienced a record year in 2016. In Illinois, Loyola Medicine accounted for a large share of the state's increase.

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Heart Failure, Heart Health, Cardiology, Ut Southwestern, Excess Weight

Inactivity, Excess Weight Linked to Hard-to-Treat Heart Failures

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Lack of exercise and excessive weight are strongly associated with a type of heart failure that has a particularly poor prognosis, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers determined in an analysis of data from three large studies.

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Endocrinology, Metabolic Diseases, Diabetes, Diabetes Care, Health Care Systems, Pharmacoeconomics, Health Economics

Collaborative Diabetes Clinic Lowers Health Care Costs

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Researchers at the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at UC San Diego are running a Diabetes Intensive Medical Management (DIMM) “tune up” clinic for complex type 2 diabetes patients. In a study published in the March 2017 issue of the Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy, the researchers report the clinic’s economic benefits, which include an estimated cost avoidance of $5,287 per DIMM clinic patient over three years.

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Transgender, Bathroom Bill, LGBT Health

WashU Expert: Bathroom Is Source of Trauma for Transgender People

A vast amount of evidence shows that bathrooms are often the site of abuse and trauma against transgender people, not the other way around, says an expert on transgender aging at Washington University in St. Louis.With Missouri considering legislation to become the latest state to pass a “bathroom bill” and President Trump rescinding rules on bathrooms for transgender students, the health of transgender people is at stake, said Vanessa Fabbre, assistant professor at the Brown School, whose research explores the conditions under which LGBTQ people age well.







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