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Medicine

Science

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Cryo Electron Microscopy, cryo-EM, Immune activation

Detailed View of Immune Proteins Could Lead to New Pathogen-Defense Strategies

Biologists at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley used cryo-EM to resolve the structure of a ring of proteins used by the immune system to summon support when under attack, providing new insight into potential strategies for protection from pathogens. The researchers captured the high-resolution image of a protein ring, called an inflammasome, as it was bound to flagellin, a protein from the whiplike tail used by bacteria to propel themselves forward.

Medicine

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NICU, Neonatal, Babies, Nursing, NICU nurses

Loyola Medicine's Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Celebrates 30 Years

Loyola Medicine's neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is celebrating 30 years of caring for some of the smallest and sickest newborns.

Life

Business

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Business, Workplace, Cheating, Ethics, Behavior

Why Do Employees Cheat? Too Much Pressure

Workplace cheating is a real and troublesome phenomenon, and new research from the University of Georgia explains how it starts—and how employers can help prevent it.

Medicine

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Northwestern University, Amish, Genetics, Aging, Youth, Brain

Why These Amish Live Longer and Healthier: An Internal ‘Fountain of Youth’

The first genetic mutation that appears to protect against multiple aspects of biological aging in humans has been discovered in an extended family of Old Order Amish living in the vicinity of Berne, Indiana, report Northwestern Medicine scientists. An experimental “longevity” drug that recreates the effect of the mutation is now being tested in human trials to see if it provides protection against some aging-related illnesses.

Medicine

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cancer, , gastric and esophageal adenocarcinoma, extensive genetic variation , genetic instability , metastatic sites

Wider Sampling of Tumor Tissues May Guide Drug Choice, Improve Outcomes

By focusing on genetic variations within a primary tumor, differences between the primary and a metastatic tumor, and additional diversity from tumor DNA in the blood stream, physicians can make better treatment choices for patients with gastric and esophageal adenocarcinoma. This study challenges current guidelines and supports evaluation of metastatic lesions and circulating tumor DNA.”

Science

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Are Petite Poplars the Future of Biofuels? UW Studies Say Yes

A University of Washington team is trying to make poplar a viable competitor in the biofuels market by testing the production of younger poplar trees that could be harvested more frequently — after only two or three years — instead of the usual 10- to 20-year cycle.

Science

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Wine “Legs” and Minibot Motors

As any wine enthusiast knows, the “legs” that run down a glass after a gentle swirl of vinocan yield clues about alcohol content. Interestingly, the physical phenomenon that helps create these legs can be harnessed to propel tiny motors to carry out tasks on the surface of water. Scientists demonstrate the motors in a report in ACS’ journal Langmuir.

Medicine

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Stem Cell Based Tissues, stem cell bio-manufacturing, Gastro Intestinal, induced pluripotent stem, technology acceleration, pediatrics disorders, Organ Transplant, liver transplant, Hirschsprung disease, Intestinal Disorders, stem cell medicine, Research & Development, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, press release, Medical Center

Cincinnati Children’s Launches Center for Stem Cell and Organoid Medicine

Seven years ago Cincinnati Children’s scientists first used pluripotent stem cells to mimic natural human development and grow working human intestine in a lab. Today medical center doctors can bioengineer the gastrointestinal tissues of sick children to find clues about a child’s disease and how to treat it. Cincinnati Children’s is building on this early research advancement in personalized medicine by launching the Center for Stem Cell and Organoid Medicine (CuSTOM).

Science

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Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, LBNL, Berkeley Lab, Advanced Light Source, ALS, X-rays, X-Ray, micro tomography, Synchrotron, Light Source, Coral, Coral Reef Fish, parrotfish, fish, Materials Science, Biology, Biomineralization, biominerals

X-Rays Reveal the Biting Truth About Parrotfish Teeth

A new study has revealed a chain mail-like woven microstructure that gives parrotfish teeth their remarkable ability to chomp on coral all day long – the structure could serve as a blueprint for designing ultra-durable synthetic materials.

Medicine

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opiod dependancy, Opioids, Addiction, Addiction identication, addicting drugs, Addiction Medicine, addiction treatment, NYU, Buprenorphine, Naltrexone, Methadone, Methadone Treatment, Vivitrol, Suboxone

Although Their Introductions as Treatment Are Different, Two Top Medications for Opioid Addiction Are Equally Effective

a new study concludes that two of the top medications available for outpatient, office-based treatment, once initiated, are equally safe and effective in curtailing opioid use, relapse, treatment drop-out and overdose.







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