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Infrastructure, Biodiveristy, Watershed Protection, FEWSION, National Science Foundation (NSF) , National Academy Of Sciences, Aquatics

Research: City’s Infrastructure, Not Population, Plays Greater Role in Ecological Impact

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The ecological footprint of a city spreads far beyond its city limits, resulting in local and total extinction of hundreds of aquatic species in North America. Recent research quantifies the adverse effects while looking ahead to how cities can help.

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Supercomputers, exascale computing, National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility, Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF), Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science

Launching a Supercomputer: How to Set Up Some of the World’s Fastest Computers

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Setting up a supercomputer is far more complicated than just bringing it home from the electronics store. Staff members of the Department of Energy’s supercomputing user facilities spend years on the process, from laying out requirements through troubleshooting. In the end, they run some of the most powerful computers in the world to help solve some of science’s biggest problems.

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Energy, Fundamental Science, Energy Efficiency, Materials

ShAPEing the Future of Magnesium Car Parts

Magnesium — the lightest of all structural metals — has a lot going for it in the quest to make ever lighter cars and trucks that go farther on a tank of fuel or battery charge.Magnesium is 75 percent lighter than steel, 33 percent lighter than aluminum and is the fourth most common element on earth behind iron, silicon and oxygen.

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Ph.D. Thesis, Nuclear Physics, Proton, Resonance, Polarization, electron accelerator

Thesis Prize Winner Explores the Proton’s Spectrum

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When it comes to laying bare the secrets of the proton, Priyashree Roy’s efforts at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility have already contributed a whole swath of new information useful to researchers. Now, the thesis she wrote about her work has earned her the 2016 Jefferson Science Associates Thesis Prize.

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A Silent Search for Dark Matter

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Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. The sensitivity of the detector – an underground sentinel awaiting a collision that would confirm a hypothesis – stems from both its size and its “silence.”

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transition metal silicides, Semiconducting, Silicon, silicide, chemical bonds, thermochemical bond dissociation energy, bond dissociation, Andrew Sevy, Jason J. Sorensen, Thomas D. Persinger, Jordan A. Franchina, Eric L. Johnson, Michael D. Morse, University Of Utah, The Journal Of Chemical Physics

Bond Dissociation Energies for Transition Metal Silicides Accurately Determined

Transition metal silicides are promising for future developments in electronic devices, but fundamental aspects of the chemical bonding between their transition metal atoms and silicon remain poorly understood. One of the most important, but poorly known, properties is the strength of these chemical bonds -- the thermochemical bond dissociation energy. Researchers from the University of Utah have investigated this, and in this week’s The Journal of Chemical Physics, they present their findings for a number of specific compounds.

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Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, Stanford University, Alexandre Colas, Mark Mercola, Heart Formation

Where Do Heart Cells Come From?

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Id genes play surprise role in cardiac development

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mutual aid, First Responders, responder tech, Situational Awareness, mutual aid systems, Disaster Response, Disaster Preparedness, Information Sharing

National Mutual Aid Technology Exercise Brings Together a Diverse Group

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NMATE brought together technologists, operators, and decision makers from around the country to determine to what extent existing mutual aid technology systems are able to share and incorporate each other’s resource and situational awareness information.

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Trees, Urban Trees, Ecosystem Services, Megacities

What’s the Annual Value of Trees? $500 Million Per Megacity, Study Says

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In the megacities that are home to nearly 10 percent of the world’s 7.5 billion people, trees provide each city with more than $500 million each year in services that make urban environments cleaner, more affordable and more pleasant places to live.

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Flood Risk

Before the Flood: What Drives Preparedness?

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More targeted efforts are needed from both the public and private insurance sectors in order to encourage people to take action to reduce their risk of flood damage, according to a new study of three European countries.







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