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Article ID: 693066

New Research Outlines Future for Developing Oral Medicines That Work More Efficiently

University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

Researchers at the University of Minnesota and The Dow Chemical Company have joined forces to tackle one of the biggest challenges in health care—how to get life-saving medicines to work faster and better with fewer side effects.

Released:
18-Apr-2018 11:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 693046

One Step Closer to Understanding Explosive Sensitivity with Molecule Design

Los Alamos National Laboratory

Explosives have an inherent problem - they should be perfectly safe for handling and storage but detonate reliably on demand.

Released:
18-Apr-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 693043

This 2-D Nanosheet Expands Like a Grow Monster

University at Buffalo

Engineers discovered that tiny crystal lattices called “self-assembling molecular nanosheets” expand when exposed to light. The advancement could form the backbone of new light-powered actuators, oscillators and other microscopic electronic components useful in the development of artificial muscles and other soft robotic systems.

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18-Apr-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 693044

Scientist Creates System to Quickly Detect Food Pathogens

University of Georgia

University of Georgia food scientist Xiangyu Deng has created a system that can identify foodborne pathogens in a fraction of the time taken by traditional methods.

Released:
18-Apr-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    18-Apr-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 692820

Chemical Targeting of a Specific Brain Area Can Reduce Binge Drinking

Research Society on Alcoholism

Decades of clinical and pre-clinical studies have demonstrated that chronic drinking leads to long-lasting changes in reward- and stress-related neuronal circuitry. The nucleus accumbens (NAc) is an important part of this circuitry. Designer Receptors Exclusively Activated by Designer Drugs (DREADDs) are commonly used by neuroscientists to identify signals in nerve circuits that specify certain behaviors, perceptions, emotions, innate drives, or motor functions. This rodent study investigated the effects of DREADDs on nerve cell activity in the NAc (comprised of a core and a shell) in relation to binge-like drinking.

Released:
13-Apr-2018 3:40 PM EDT
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Article ID: 693034

Helen Berman Elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences

Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Helen M. Berman, Board of Governors distinguished professor emerita of Chemistry and Chemical Biology at Rutgers University–New Brunswick, has been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Berman is among 213 people elected to the academy this year, including author Ta-Nehisi Coates, actor Tom Hanks, President Barack Obama, Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor, gene editing developer Feng Zhang and pediatric neurologist Huda Zoghbi.

Released:
18-Apr-2018 9:30 AM EDT
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Arts and Humanities

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Article ID: 693041

Brookhaven Lab Materials Physicist Yimei Zhu Receives 2018 Distinguished Scientist Award from the Microscopy Society of America

Brookhaven National Laboratory

How do complex atomic and electronic interactions impact material properties? Using electron microscopy instrumentation and methods he developed, Yimei Zhu has been investigating this question for the past 30 years. The Microscopy Society of America is now recognizing his contributions.

Released:
18-Apr-2018 9:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 693036

As Earth Day Nears, Citizen Scientists Help UF/IFAS Preserve the Environment

University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

As a citizen scientist, Debbie Goad documents horseshoe crabs on beaches during specific times and days – for example, high tides and full moons. She and her colleagues also count breeding pairs. With Earth Day coming on April 22, Goad serves as an example of the many lay people who participate in the citizen science projects coordinated by UF/IFAS faculty.

Released:
18-Apr-2018 9:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 692893

Root Exudates Affect Soil Stability, Water Repellency

American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

We might think of roots as necessary, but uninteresting, parts of the crop production process. New research, however, focuses on what’s going on in the soil with the plant’s roots and the chemicals they produce.

Released:
18-Apr-2018 9:00 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    18-Apr-2018 8:05 AM EDT

Article ID: 692830

New Study Improves 'Crowd Wisdom' Estimates

Santa Fe Institute

In a new study published in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface, researchers Albert Kao (Harvard University), Andrew Berdahl (Santa Fe Institute), and their colleagues examined just how accurate our collective intelligence is and how individual bias and information sharing skew aggregate estimates. Using their findings, they developed a mathematical correction that takes into account bias and social information to generate an improved crowd estimate.

Released:
13-Apr-2018 8:05 PM EDT
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