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Science

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Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Zoology

Biochemical Tricks of the Hibernating Bear

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Winter is in full swing, and many of us have fantasized about curling up in a warm cave and slumbering until the warmth of spring arrives, just like a bear. Bears have the ability to sleep away the harsh winter months when food is scarce. They can spend five to seven months in hibernation. During this time, bears do not eat, drink, excrete or exercise. Despite the length of inactivity, bears do not experience bone loss, muscle loss, heart complications or blood clots like humans do during extended bouts of inactivity.

Medicine

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pain, CIPN, Vulvodynia, Interstitial Cystitis, Endometriosis

Measuring Pain: SLU Scientist Tests Possible Biomarkers

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Saint Louis University pharmacologist Daniela Salvemini, Ph.D., will use a $363,000 grant from The Mayday Fund to advance her work to understand pain in order to develop new painkillers, partnering with physicians who treat four debilitating conditions.

Medicine

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ProMedica, Social Determinants, health reform, Health Care, Health Care Acces, Affordable Care Act (ACA)

Op-Ed: Here's How to Reform Health Care

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Our nation’s health care system is a mess. The industry spends $3 trillion annually and constitutes more than 17 percent of the nation’s GDP. For patients and their families, shouldering the burden of rising health care costs often leads to financial hardship and is the No. 1 cause of personal bankruptcy. Escalating health care costs lead many to forgo care, or patch together payments while neglecting other basic needs.

Science

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Wheat, wheat production, wheat consumption, wheat facts, iwgsc

A Few Facts About Wheat

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This infographic presents key facts about wheat: production, cultivation, consumption, export value.

Medicine

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Medical, Science, Rehabilitation, Education, Technology, Health, mobility research, Fitness, Therapy, Healthcare

Cal State LA Receives Federal Research Grant to Improve Fitness in Wheelchair Users

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Cal State LA has been awarded a $600,000 grant from the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research to research the exercise needs of wheelchair users, specifically those with traumatic spinal cord injuries.

Science

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Biology, Evolution, Ecology and Environment, Pollution

'Resurrecting' Tiny Lake-Dwelling Animals to Study Evolutionary Responses to Pollution

A University of Michigan biologist combined the techniques of "resurrection ecology" with the study of dated lake sediments to examine evolutionary responses to heavy-metal contamination over the past 75 years.

Medicine

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Ulcer, stomach bug, Helicobacter Pylori, Pathogen, Pathogen Evolution

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 23-Feb-2017 2:00 PM EST

Medicine

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Radiosurgery, Brain Tumor, Neurology, Stereotactic

Targeted Radiosurgery Better Than Whole-Brain Radiation for Treating Brain Tumors

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Tumors that originate in other organs of the body and spread to the brain are known as metastatic brain tumors. According to the American Brain Tumor Association, this type of tumor is the most common in adults, affecting as many as 300,000 people each year. University of Missouri School of Medicine researchers compared two common postsurgical therapies for metastatic brain tumors and found that stereotactic radiosurgery can provide better outcomes for patients compared to whole-brain radiation.

Medicine

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Experimental Biology 2017, Faseb, Anatomy, Physiological, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Pathology, Nutrition, Pharmacology

Speakers Announced for 2017 Experimental Biology Meeting

World-renowned scientists will present pioneering research and discuss key issues affecting the life sciences at the 2017 Experimental Biology meeting (EB 2017), the premier annual meeting of six scientific societies in Chicago to be held April 22–26.

Medicine

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Intestinal Microbes, Immune System, gut microbes, Microbes and Immune System, Microbial, Microbial influence, Gut Bacteria, Gut Bacteria and Health, Gut Interactions, Bacteria, Intestines, GUT, Immune Cells

Scientists Monitor Crosstalk Between Intestinal Microbes and Immune System

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Harvard Medical School researchers have successfully “listened in” on the crosstalk between gut microbes and the immune system.

Science

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soil, SNOW, thawing, Water

Snow and Soil in Cooperation

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Snow is fun for sledding and skiing, but what is its role in soil protection? The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) February 15 Soils Matter blog post explains the crucial role of snow for healthy soils.

Medicine

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Stem Cell, Leukemia, MDs, Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, CRISPR, Mount Sinai Health System

Scientists Create Novel Model That Shows Progression From Normal Blood Cells to Leukemia

Mount Sinai researchers have created a novel model that shows the step-by-step progression from normal blood cells to leukemia and its precursor diseases, creating replicas of the stages of the disease to test the efficacy of therapeutic interventions at each stage, according to a study to be published in Cell Stem Cell. This research marked the first time scientists have been able to transplant leukemia from humans to a test tube and then into mice for study, a landmark feat that will allow for valuable research to help find therapies for blood cancer patients in the future.

Medicine

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Autism, Neurodevelopment Disabilities, Autism diagnosis

Max Wiznitzer, MD, Autism Expert, University Hospitals Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital, Available for Comment on Nature Autism Study

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Max Wiznitzer, MD, has a longstanding interest in neurodevelopmental disabilities, including autism.

Medicine

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Cancer, Cancer Care Center, Leukemia, Acute Leukemia, ALL acute lymphoblastic leukemia, AML

Specialized Cancer Centers Play a Role in Survival of Adolescents and Young Adults with Acute Leukemia

A UAB study shows specialized treatment sites contribute to better survival rates for those with acute leukemia.

Science

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Big Data, analytic tools, Software architecture, Software, Metric, Computer Science

Is Your Big Data Messy? We’re Making an App for That

Vizier, software under development by a University at Buffalo-led research team, aims to proactively catch big data errors. The project, backed by a $2.7 million National Science Foundation grant, launched in January. Like Excel, Vizier will allow users to explore, clean, curate and visualize data in meaningful ways, as well as spot errors and offer solutions. But unlike spreadsheet software, Vizier is intended for much larger datasets; i.e., millions or billions of data points.

Medicine

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Cancer, Breast Cancer, Tumor Microenvironment, Metastatic Breast Cancer, Tyrosine Kinase, DDR2

Looking Beyond Cancer Cells to Understand What Makes Breast Cancer Spread

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A new study from researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center identifies a protein in that microenvironment that promotes the spread of breast cancer cells. It’s part of a well-known family of receptors for which promising inhibitors are being developed.

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New Test May Quickly Identify Mild Traumatic Brain Injury with Underlying Brain Damage

A new test using peripheral vision reaction time could lead to earlier diagnosis and more effective treatment of mild traumatic brain injury, often referred to as a concussion.

Medicine

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hemagtology, JCI Insight, Journal of Clinical Investigation, Histiocytosis, Langerhans, HLH, hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, press release, news, Research

Doctors Treat Deadly Cancerous Disorders with Gene-Guided, Targeted Therapy

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Genomic testing of biopsies from patients with deadly, treatment-resistant cancerous blood syndromes called histiocytoses allowed doctors to identify genes fueling the ailments and use targeted molecular drugs to successfully treat them. Researchers report their data in Journal of Clinical Investigation Insight (JCI Insight). They recommend the regular use of comprehensive genomic profiling at diagnosis to positively impact clinical care,

Science

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Mercury, Ecosystem, Alaska, Harlequin Duck

Scientists Find Evidence of Alaskan Ecosystem Health in Harlequin Ducks

A new study led by researchers from Biodiversity Research Institute (BRI) shows that Harlequin Ducks in coastal areas of Alaska’s Kodiak and Unalaska islands are exposed to environmental sources of mercury and that mercury concentrations in their blood are associated with their local food source, mainly blue mussels.

Medicine

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Retina, GARP1, GARP2, Rod cells, retinal degeneration, optical coherence tomography, Retinitis Pigmentosa

GARP2 Accelerates Retinal Degeneration in a Mouse Model

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Researchers show that GARP2 accelerates retinal degeneration in mice, and they have also made an important step toward creating a standardized OTC nomenclature between mice and humans for a measurement of retinal degeneration.







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