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With $3 Million Grant, Researchers Hope to Help Find Sites to Grow Tomorrow’s Produce

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University of Florida researchers are sounding a warning bell that fresh produce may be hard to come by in the future. Scientists with the UF Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences cite changes in our climate, loss of fresh water and competition for resources as major threats in farmers’ ability to increase production of fruits and vegetables.

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Darpa, Mosquito Borne Disease, mosquito control, mosquito genetics, genetic, zika, CRISP/Cas9

UC San Diego Researchers Join $14.9 Million Fight Against Disease-Transmitting Mosquitoes

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UC San Diego scientists will study an innovative research technique as a way to control disease-causing mosquitoes. The project, which will receive up to $14.9 million, will focus on a technique known as gene drive, which can spread desirable genes in wild populations and suppress harmful organisms.

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Plastic, Pollution, Environment

Scientists Calculate Total Amount of Plastics Ever Produced

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Humans have created 8.3 billion metric tons of plastics since large-scale production of the synthetic materials began in the early 1950s, and most of it now resides in landfills or the natural environment, according to a study published today in the journal Science Advances.

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Toward 20-Story Earthquake-Safe Buildings Made From Wood

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-- A two-story wooden structure endured four different earthquake simulations on July 14, 2017 on the world’s largest outdoor shake table here in San Diego. And it’s still standing before more tests in the coming weeks. The goal of the tests is to gather enough data to design wood buildings as tall as 20 stories that do not suffer significant damage during large earthquakes. That is, not only can occupants leave the building unharmed, but they can come back and resume living in the building shortly after a temblor.

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ORNL Corporate Fellow, Biochemistry, Geophysics, Materials, Materials Chemistry

Gu and Paranthaman Named ORNL Corporate Fellows

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Researchers Baohua Gu and Parans Paranthaman have been named Corporate Fellows of the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

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Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Archaeology, Australia, Anthropology

Artifacts Suggest Humans Arrived in Australia Earlier Than Thought

A team of researchers, including a faculty member and seven students from the University of Washington, has found and dated artifacts in northern Australia that indicate humans arrived there about 65,000 years ago — more than 10,000 years earlier than previously thought.

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Imprinting, Molecular Biology, Cloning, Assisted Reproductive Technologies, In Vitro Fertilization, Histone, Biology

Scientists Identify New Way Cells Turn Off Genes

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For some developmental genes one allele must stay silent, otherwise debilitating syndromes and cancers can arise. HHMI Investigator Yi Zhang and his colleagues have uncovered a new imprinting mechanism cells use to keep these genes quiet in mice.

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Epigenetics, Histone Modification, Harvard Medical School, Nature (magazine)

Scientists Identify New Epigenetic Mechanism That Switches Off Placental Genes in Mice

Harvard Medical School researchers have discovered a new regulatory mechanism for genomic imprinting, the process that silences one parent’s gene so that only the other parent’s gene is expressed in offspring.

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Memory Takes Time, Researchers Conclude

How short-term memories become long-term ones has frequently been explored by researchers. While a definitive answer remains elusive, NYU scientists Thomas Carew and Nikolay Kukushkin conclude that this transformation is best explained by a “temporal hierarchy” of “time windows” that collectively alter the state of the brain.

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Microbiology, Microbes, Disease, Cancer, Oceanogaphy

Grant Supports Deep Dive Into Microbes

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University of Delaware researchers have been awarded a $1 million grant from the W.M. Keck Foundation that will be used to study how microbe genes get toggled off or on. This research is a major driver of precision medicine and its personalized treatments for diseases in humans today.







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