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Medicine

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air pollution and human health, Kidney Infection

Breathing Dirty Air May Harm Kidneys

Outdoor air pollution may increase the risk of chronic kidney disease and contribute to kidney failure, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the Veterans Affairs (VA) St. Louis Health Care System. Scientists culled national VA databases to evaluate the effects of air pollution and kidney disease on nearly 2.5 million people over a period of 8.5 years, beginning in 2004. The scientists compared VA data on kidney function to air-quality levels collected by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as well as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The study is published Sept. 21 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Medicine

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P53, P53 Mutations, Rac1, Tumorigenesis, Rutgers University, New Jersey

Targeting a Binding Protein in Mutated p53 Could Yield New Cancer Treatment Strategies

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Research by Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey investigators shows the targeting of a binding protein of mutant p53 known as Rac1 could lead to new therapeutic strategies for patients whose cancer carries mutations in the p53 gene.

Medicine

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Opioids, Dialysis

Study Reveals High Rates of Opioid Prescriptions and Excessive Dosing in Dialysis Patients

• From 2006 to 2010, almost two thirds of US dialysis patients received at least one opioid prescription every year and >20% received chronic prescriptions. • More than 25% of dialysis patients using opioids received doses exceeding recommendations • Use of opioid medications was linked with higher risks of early death, discontinuation of dialysis, and the need for hospitalization in dialysis patients.

Medicine

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Air Pollution, Kidney Disease

Air Pollution May Have Damaging Effects on the Kidneys

• In a study of US veterans, researchers found a linear relationship between air pollution levels and risk of experiencing kidney function decline and of developing kidney disease or kidney failure.

Medicine

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Flint Water Crisis, Fetal Death, Infertility, fertility rate, Lead Poisoning

Researchers Find Flint’s Water Crisis Led to Fewer Babies and Higher Fetal Death Rates

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An estimated 275 fewer children were born in Flint, Michigan, while the city was using lead-contaminated water from the Flint River, according to findings by researchers from West Virginia University and the University of Kansas.

Science

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Nuclear Power, Nuclear Proliferation, nuclear plant, Nuclear Power Generation

Scott Montgomery Makes Case for Nuclear Power in New Book 'Seeing the Light'

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Nuclear power is not merely an energy option for the future, geoscientist Scott L. Montgomery writes in his new book, it is a life-saving and essential way for the world to provide energy and avoid "carbon and climate failure."

Medicine

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Alzheimer's, Antonio Terracciano, FSU College of Medicine, Dementia

Personality Changes Don't Precede Clinical Onset of Alzheimer's

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Findings of a new and comprehensive study from FSU College of Medicine Associate Professor Antonio Terracciano and colleagues, published today in the journal JAMA Psychiatry, has found no evidence to support the idea that personality changes begin before the clinical onset of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia.

Science

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Iter, Fellowship, TRANSP

PPPL Physicist Francesca Poli Named ITER Scientist Fellow

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Article describes new ITER Scientist Fellow.

Science

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Conservation, Citizen Science, Smartphones, Environmental Engineering, Missouri S&T, Missouri University of Science and Technology

Missouri S&T Receives Federal Support for Early-Stage Research Into Tapping “Citizen Scientists” to Collect Water Quality Data

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Picture teams of smartphone-toting citizen scientists, poised to collect water samples and test for contaminants thanks to a user-friendly app that can crowdsource rapid responders to mobilize the next time a public water system is at risk. Researchers from Missouri University of Science and Technology and the University of South Florida are tapping National Science Foundation seed money set aside for “potentially transformative research” to advance the technology and hone the social mobilization efforts needed to summon trained, trusted teams of everyday water watchers.

Life

Arts and Humanities

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Northwestern University, Qatar, Northwestern University Qatar, Middle East, Social Media, news, Media, Doha, Qatar, Free Speech

In the Middle East, Two-Thirds Get News on Social Media; Less Than Half Trust it

Trust in the news media is high across the Middle East, but significantly less so on social media, according to the fifth annual survey of media use and public opinion by Northwestern University in Qatar (NU-Q).







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