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Science

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peas, Climate Change, Food Security, crop breeding, genetic, Heat Adaptation

Peas That Like It Hot

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As the global climate changes and temperatures continue to rise, heat stress is becoming a major limiting factor for pea cultivation. A new study indicates that pea plants with some specific traits – such as longer flowering time and higher pod numbers – may be more resistant to heat stress. The researchers also gained new insights into the genetics of heat tolerance in pea.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Intelligence, Mindset, Fixed mindset, growth mind, Gender

So-Called “Bright Girl Effect” Does Not Last Into Adulthood, Study Finds

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The notion that young females limit their own progress based on what they believe about their intelligence—called the “bright girl effect”—does not persist into adulthood, according to new research from Case Western Reserve University.

Science

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Fusion, fusion energy, Fusion Energy Sciences, Nuclear Science, plasma physics, Plasma, Physics of Plasmas, Advanced Scientific Computing Research, National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, ASCR, NERSC, PPPL , Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Tokamak, tokamaks, plasma diagnostics, National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgade, Modeling & Simulation, Modeling And Simulation, Simulation, Simulations, Modeling, fusion reactors, Fusion reactor design, plasma instability, plasma disruptions

Avoiding Disruptions that Halt Fusion Reactions

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New supercomputing capabilities help understand how to cope with large-scale instabilities in tokamaks.

Science

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Energy, Methane, emission efficiency

New WVU Study Provides Roadmap to Lower Methane Emissions for Future Heavy-Duty Natural Gas Vehicle Fleet

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A new study published today (August 23) in the Journal of Air and Waste Management Association builds upon recent heavy-duty natural gas vehicle methane emission measurements to model methane emissions from a future, much larger vehicle fleet. This study, conducted by researchers at West Virginia University’s Center for Alternative Fuels, Engines, and Emissions, comes as the price of natural gas has decreased, leading to interest in natural gas as a cleaner replacement for diesel in heavy-duty vehicles.

Life

Business

Education

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University of Virginia Darden School of Business, University of Virginia Darden, UVA Darden School of Business, UVA Darden, Fellowship, fellowship program, Technology, Venture, Technology Venture Fellowship, Batten Institute for Entrepreneurship and Innovation, San Francisco, Atlanta, MBA, Entrepreneur

New UVA Darden Fellowship Offers Path to High-Demand Tech Startups

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The University of Virginia Darden School of Business has introduced a highly selective fellowship for MBAs seeking experience with early stage technology startups and mentorship from leading venture capitalists.

Medicine

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Arthritis, Treatment, Algae, brown algae, Biotechnology

Treating Arthritis with Algae

Researchers at ETH Zurich, Empa and the Norwegian research institute SINTEF are pursuing a new approach to treating arthritis. This is based on a polysaccharide, a long-chain sugar molecule, originating from brown algae. When chemically modified, this "alginate" reduces oxidative stress, has an anti-inflammatory effect in cell culture tests and suppresses the immune reaction against cartilage cells, thereby combating the causes of arthritis. The research is, however, still in its infancy.

Medicine

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Microbiome, Citizen Science, Crowdsourcing, Immunology, World Community Grid, IBM

Help UC San Diego Scientists Study Link Between Body Bacteria and Autoimmune Diseases

The public's help is being enlisted in the Microbiome Immunity Project, what's thought to be the biggest study to date of the human microbiome — the communities of bacteria and other microbes that live in and on the human body, where they influence our health.

Medicine

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CABG, CABG Surgery, Cardiothoracic, Artery, Robotic Surgery, Heart Surgery, bypass grafts, Bypass Surgery, Coronary Artery Bypass Graft

Hackensack Meridian Health Jersey Shore University Medical Center Cardiothoracic Surgeon Performs Groundbreaking Robotic-Assisted Minimally Invasive Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

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Jersey Shore University Medical Center is first hospital in region to perform cutting-edge surgery; innovative procedure is revolutionizing cardiac and vascular operations, delivering safer and less invasive surgeries

Science

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 24-Aug-2017 12:00 PM EDT

Science

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Carbon Fiber, Plants

Spinning Plant Waste Into Carbon Fiber for Cars, Planes

Using plants and trees to make products such as paper or ethanol leaves behind a residue called lignin, a component of plant cell walls. That leftover lignin isn’t good for much and often gets burned or tossed into landfills. Now, researchers report transforming lignin into carbon fiber to produce a lower-cost material strong enough to build car or aircraft parts.







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