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Medicine

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Melanoma, melanoma biology, melanoma biomarkers, Skin Cancer, skin cancer detection, Skin Cancer Risk, Cancer, Cancer Detection, cancer diagnoses, Cancer Diagnositics, Cancer Diagnosis, cancer diagnostic, cancer diagnostics , Breast Cancer, Breast Cancer Advances, Breast Cancer Diagnosis, Microscopy, Pathology, microscope imaging, microscope resolution, microscopic imaging

Fighting Cancer: New Microscopic Technique Could Help Detect, Diagnose Metastatic Melanomas

The fight against skin cancer just got a new weapon. For years, melanoma researchers have studied samples that were considered uniform in size and color, making them easier to examine by more conventional means. But melanomas don’t always come in the same shape and hue; often, melanomas are irregular and dark, making them difficult to investigate. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri have devised a new tool to detect and analyze single melanoma cells that are more representative of the skin cancers developed by most patients. The study, recently reported in Analyst published by the Royal Society of Chemistry, outlines the new techniques that could lead to better and faster diagnoses for the life-threatening disease.

Medicine

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Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Center For Injury Research And Policy, Otolaryngology

Cotton Tip Applicators Are Sending 34 Kids to the Emergency Department Each Day

A study conducted by Nationwide Children’s Hospital researchers found that over a 21-year period from 1990 through 2010, an estimated 263,000 children younger than 18 years of age were treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments for cotton tip applicator related ear injuries – that’s about 12,500 annually, or about 34 injuries every day.

Medicine

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Synchrotron Radiation, Nanoscience, materials simulation & theory, Modeling, simulation, & visualization, Advanced Photon Source (APS), Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM), Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

X-Ray Imaging and Computer Modeling Help Map Electric Properties of Nanomaterials

Argonne researchers have developed a new approach for studying piezoelectric materials using ultrafast 3-D X-ray imaging and computer modeling. Their integrated approach, reported in Nano Letters, can help us better understand material behavior and engineer more powerful and energy-efficient technologies.

Medicine

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Autism, Mouse Vocalizations , ultrasonic vocalizations, language analysis

New Tool for Analyzing Mouse Vocalizations May Provide Additional Insights for Autism Modeling

Vocalization plays a significant role in social communication across species such as speech by humans and song by birds. Male mice produce ultrasonic vocalizations in the presence of females and both sexes sing during friendly social encounters.

Medicine

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Fetal ultrasound, Heart Defects, OB GYN, Radiology, scan, Pregnancy, Imaging, pediatric cardiology

Three Questions Pregnant Women Should Ask About Fetal Ultrasounds

To help women get an optimal ultrasound of the baby’s heart, one likely to be able to detect a heart defect, if present, a UCLA expert recommends they seek a provider that offers advanced technology and a thorough screening of the heart. Here are some questions patients should ask.

Science

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Wood Filter Removes Toxic Dye From Water

Engineers at the University of Maryland have developed a new use for wood: to filter water. Liangbing Hu of the Energy Research Center and his colleagues added nanoparticles to wood, then used it to filter toxic dyes from water.

Science

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Cornell University, Fabric science, Material Science, Chemistry, fashion industry, Engineering

Video: New Fabric Coating Protects Your Clothes, and the Environment

ITHACA, N.Y. – When you spill pasta sauce on your favorite shirt but there is no trace of it after being washed, you can thank oleophobicity, a resistance to oil commonly applied to textiles. That resistance, however, comes at a price. The coating that makes textiles oil resistant is fluorine-based and breaks down into chlorofluorocarbon gas, a greenhouse gas harmful to the environment.

Medicine

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Mount Sinai Health System, Lung Cancer, Immunotherapy, PD-1, PD-1 blockade, PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitors, Thoracic Surgery

Researchers Identify Immunotherapy Targets in Early-Stage Lung Cancer

Immunotherapy, which has achieved remarkable results in late-stage lung cancer patients, can also hold great hope for newly diagnosed patients, cutting the deadly disease off before it has the chance to take hold and offering a potential cure, according to a new Mount Sinai study published today in Cell.

Science

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NASA, Hubble Space Telescope, Wide Field Camera 3, Advanced Camera For Surveys, Hubble Frontier Field, galaxy cluster Abell 370, Gravitational Lensing, Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, Cosmology

A Lot of Galaxies Need Guarding in This NASA Hubble View

Like the quirky characters in the upcoming film Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, the Hubble Space Telescope has some amazing superpowers, specifically when it comes to observing galaxies across time and space. One stunning example is galaxy cluster Abell 370, which contains a vast assortment of several hundred galaxies tied together by the mutual pull of gravity. That's a lot of galaxies to be guarding, and just in this one cluster!

Medicine

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Glaucoma, ophthalmolgy, Retinal ganglion cells

Potential Predictor of Glaucoma Damage Identified

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a biomarker that appears linked to damage to cells in the retina of the eye. The marker may make it possible to better monitor the progression of glaucoma, as well as the effectiveness of treatment for the blinding disease.







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