Source Newsroom: Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Physicians Have Ethical Duty to Prepare to Meet Demands of Care for Disaster Victims, Writes SMJ Editor-in-Chief
Newswise — Philadelphia, Pa. (January 7, 2013) – Surveys suggest that while most US physicians are willing to play a role in responding to natural and manmade disasters, most do not feel adequately prepared to fulfill that role. Toward helping physicians and health care systems understand and fulfill their obligation to provide medical care in disasters, the January Southern Medical Journal is a special issue on disaster medicine and physician preparedness. The official journal of the Southern Medical Association, the SMJ is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins is part of Wolters Kluwer Health.
The special issue includes 22 reviews and original papers on preparing for the medical response to disasters and catastrophic events. Dr. G. Richard Holt, Editor-in-Chief of the Southern Medical Journal, writes: "I take the position that it is a professional and an ethical responsibility to potential patients and society for physicians to engage in sufficient self-learning that would provide them with at least an acceptable level of clinical preparation to meet the demands of caring for victims of a disaster in their town, city, county, or state."
'Lessons Learned' from Experts in Disaster Preparedness
The articles were prepared by experts in the medical response to disasters—including those with real-life experience with patient care in disaster situations. The special issue is freely available on the journal website: http://www.smajournalonline.com/
Adding authoritative commentary in the special issue is Dr. Harold Timboe, a leading expert in disaster preparedness and medical response. A retired US Army Major General, Dr. Timboe's experience includes coordinating the health response to the September 11 terrorist attack on the Pentagon and leading a team of volunteer physicians and nurses on a US Navy hospital ship responding to the 2004 tsunami in Indonesia. He writes, "Each of us in our own specialty, subcomponent of our local health system, and building to the aggregate capabilities at the community, regional, state, and national levels contribute to a growing sense of confidence in our overall preparedness."
The special issue opens with a section on physician preparedness, emphasizing the need for doctors to play an active role in planning and supporting the response to catastrophic events. By being prepared, physicians can help to mitigate the impact of disasters in their community.
A section on healthcare system preparedness emphasizes measures to plan disaster-response measures on the local and regional level. Contributions include informative experiences with drills and simulations to build and assess preparedness for catastrophic events.
The concluding section on patient care preparedness discusses disaster preparation and response for specific patient populations and types of care—including mental health aspects of disasters and the importance of psychiatric consultation. Professionals involved in responding to Katrina and other recent Gulf Coast hurricanes and to the 2011 tornado in Joplin, Mo., share lessons learned in preparing for future disasters.
Other topics of special interest include:
• A description and evaluation of a one-day, competency-based emergency preparedness curriculum, which effectively enhances trainees' skills and confidence in providing patient care in a disaster
• An introduction to the concept of "complete self-sufficiency planning," outlining a comprehensive approach to designing and constructing hospitals to withstand and remain functional during disasters
• Insights into the unique health challenges facing older adults involved in disaster situations, focusing on mobilizing resources to improve health outcomes and recovery
Dr. Timboe encourages all physicians to familiarize themselves with resources on disaster response and responsibilities and to consider which aspects are most relevant to their training and experience. He concludes, "We hope this duty never calls, but if it does, we will demonstrate our readiness — the moral ethics of our profession, duty to the public good, and commitment to serve others require our utmost diligence."
About the Southern Medical Journal
As the official journal of the Birmingham, Alabama-based Southern Medical Association (SMA), the Southern Medical Journal (SMJ) has for more than 100 years provided the latest clinical information in areas that affect patients' daily lives. Now delivered to individuals exclusively online, the SMJ has a multidisciplinary focus that covers a broad range of topics relevant to physicians and other healthcare specialists in all relevant aspects of the profession, including medicine and medical subspecialties, surgery and surgery subspecialties, child and maternal health, mental health, emergency and disaster medicine, public health and environmental medicine, and bioethics and medical education. Each month, articles span the spectrum of medical topics, providing timely, up-to-the-minute information for both primary care physicians and specialists. Contributors include leaders in the healthcare field from across the country and around the world. The SMJ enables physicians to provide the best possible care to patients in this age of rapidly changing modern medicine.
About the Southern Medical Association
The Southern Medical Association (SMA) has been serving physicians' needs since its inception in 1906. SMA's mission is to promote the health of patients through advocacy, leadership, education, and service.
About Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (LWW) is a leading international publisher of trusted content delivered in innovative ways to practitioners, professionals and students to learn new skills, stay current on their practice, and make important decisions to improve patient care and clinical outcomes.
LWW is part of Wolters Kluwer Health, a leading global provider of information, business intelligence and point-of-care solutions for the healthcare industry. Wolters Kluwer Health is part of Wolters Kluwer, a market-leading global information services company with 2011 annual revenues of €3.4 billion ($4.7 billion).